SUGAR SWEET DRINKS
Drinking large amounts of sugar in drinks such as pop, soft drinks and juices can lead to serious health problems, including weight gain, tooth decay and diabetes.
Some drinks contain more than 40 grams of sugar – equivalent to about 10 teaspoons of sugar – and 200 or more calories in a 12 ounce serving.
The NHS says that more than 20 percent of the added sugar in adult diets comes from soft drinks and fruit juice – and up to a third for children between 11 and 18 years.
Researchers from the University of Oxford calculated the impact that the levy on the government’s sugar tax, introduced in April 2018, would have on UK obesity.
They discovered that obesity would come by 9.8 percent for children aged four to ten years.
In March, Harvard School of Public Health concluded that in addition to weight gain, diabetes, heart disease, and strokes, the more sugary drinks a person consumed, the greater the risk of premature death from any cause. The link with heart disease was particularly strong.
The study, in the journal Circulation, looked at 117,000 Americans for three decades. Those who drank two or more cans of sugary drinks per day had a 31 percent higher risk of early death from cardiovascular disease – and each subsequent drink was associated with an amazingly increased risk of 10 percent.
Researchers from the Meyer Cancer Center at the Weill Cornell, US medical school, have announced that they are starting to assess whether sugar “feeds cancer.”
Sweetened soft drinks – such as hearty or carbonated pop – increase the risk of cancer by 19 percent, according to a study conducted by researchers from Paris 13 University, Avicenne Hospital and the French Public Health Agency in July.
The researchers could not be clear whether sugary drinks directly caused the risk increase. The sugary drinks can lead to obesity, which is a known risk factor for various cancers.
ARTIFICIAL SWEET DRINKS
Experts have long debated whether sweeteners, including aspartame, saccharin and sucralose, are safe.
Studies have linked their consumption through food and diet drinks to diabetes, weight gain and cancer.
But industrial authorities have come back because regulatory authorities have consistently confirmed their safety.
In February, research from the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association showed that two cans of sugar-free fizzy drinks a day could increase a woman’s risk of having a heart attack or stroke by nearly a third.
The large study of more than 80,000 women found that those who regularly drank fizz were 31 percent more likely to have a blood clot stroke, 29 percent more likely to have heart disease and 16 percent more likely to die compared to women who had them rarely drunk.
Another study in February, published in the journal Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, looked at the effects of artificial sweeteners on mouse embryos.
In pregnant mice that received sweeteners, malformations of mammary glands were seen in fetuses after 18 weeks, while four-week-old mice that received sweeteners ‘had a decrease in body length, limbs and tail’.
Another study, published in the journal Metabolic Brain Disease in May, expressed concern about the impact of sweeteners on brain development.