Dozens of deaths associated with vapors can simply be & # 39; the tip of the iceberg & # 39; warns a damning report.
Scientists from the University of Texas have claimed that e-cigarettes cause more damage to the lungs than previously feared.
X-rays of a 24-year-old vaper who had smoked the devices on a daily basis revealed alarming abnormalities caused by fats from vaping oils in his lungs.
A week before the scan, the patient had shortness of breath, cough, chest pain, and fever.
A CT scan of a 24-year-old man with a history of e-cigarette use shows alarming abnormalities in his lungs
The man had been suffering from shortness of breath for a week, cough, chest pain and fever due to a build-up of vaping oils and fats in his lungs
He had a history of asthma and can make e-cigarattes especially dangerous for people with respiratory disorders.
Until last week 1,604 cases of pulmonary injury associated with vapors had been reported in the US – of which 34 resulted in death.
But these numbers probably underestimate the actual incidence and prevalence of disease due to a lack of recognition of the connection of e-cigarettes with disease.
The study, published in the journal Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging, is ominously entitled & # 39; Electronic Cigarette or Vaping-associated Lung Injury (EVALI): The Tip of the Iceberg. & # 39;
Dr. co-author Suhny Abbara of the University of Texas (UT) said: & # 39; Radiologists will continue to play an important role in recognizing this emerging entity.
A total of 34 deaths due to sheep-related disease have been reported in 24 US states (red) in the US. Every state except Alaska has confirmed at least one of the 1,604 cases of lung damage
Vapen causes more damage to the lungs than previously feared, according to the latest research (file photo)
& # 39; We encourage the medical imaging community to produce scientific evidence and medical knowledge to promote our collective understanding of the effects of e-cigarette use on the lungs and other organ systems. & # 39;
The unnamed patient had regularly used e-cigarettes – as well as tobacco and marijuana.
He had a high blood count, indicating illness. A dye injected into his blood vessels showed large white spots in his lungs.
WHAT IS KILLING OF VAPERS?
Harvard University & # 39; new lung disease & # 39; mentioned.
Cases have been reported in most US states – 38, plus one territory.
Vitamin E acetate is suspected as a possible trigger for the disease.
But it is only found in THC vapes, which used some, but not all, critically ill patients.
This chemical can act as fat in the lungs and damage the small bags that fill with air.
In most, if not all, of these cases, what begins with shortness of breath and chest pain, coughing, vomiting, fatigue, diarrhea, fever, and weight loss.
Patients with the most serious cases end up in the hospital with severely damaged lungs that often appear to be infected with pneumonia.
Sometimes they have to be placed on fans or in medically induced comas.
The disease can develop rapidly and develop into the so-called acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
ARDS is a life-threatening condition, which means that the lungs cannot provide the vital organs of the body with sufficient oxygen.
Diseases are most common among men, accounting for 72 percent of confirmed cases.
Vape-related diseases have affected Americans of all ages, but are more common in younger people who are usually not susceptible to lung diseases.
Young adults between the ages of 18 and 34 are responsible for 67 percent of cases and 16 percent of the victims of Vap disease are under the age of 18.
Healthy organs would be dark, indicating that they are clear. Tissue samples suggested that he had the lung disease lipoid pneumonia: a potentially serious disease caused by inflammation of the lungs.
Doctors believe it was caused by vapen. The man was prescribed steroids.
Dr. Abbara, also editor of the magazine, said: apen The diagnosis of pulmonary lung injury by sheep should be another possibility in patients with pulmonary abnormalities on X-rays or CT images on the chest and exposure to e-cigarette products within 90 days after the presentation. & # 39;
Dr. Abbara and co-author Dr. Fernando Kay, from the radiology department at the UT Southwestern Medical Center, wants to raise awareness about identifying lung diseases caused by vapors.
They said research should be approached as a team effort by members of multiple specialties, including pathologists, epidemiologists, pulmonologists, and emergency physicians.
Dr. Abbara added: & # 39; It is crucial that radiologists drive some of the initiatives to better understand the mechanisms of disease presentation, thereby facilitating the diagnosis and management of these patients. & # 39;
The first case was reported at the end of March, but the authorities have still not identified the chemicals that cause the disease. It also remains unclear whether all cases are the same type of injury.
The outbreak does not seem to be related to long-term use of e-cigarettes, which have been used in the US for more than ten years.
Officials believe instead that illegal products containing THC – the psychoactive component of cannabis – are to blame.
Public Health England (PHE) has said that similar items may be sold in the UK and that stressed-out users may have to purchase from reputable sources.
Studies have shown that vapen can cause similar damage as smokers of traditional cigarettes – and people with chronic lung disease.
Earlier this week, PHE said it was & # 39; as sure as ever & # 39; is that vapen is less harmful than smoking.
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