Changed video from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) circulated through social media networks this week in what seemed like a right-wing attempt to discredit and embarrass her. One of the clips shared on Twitter by President Donald Trump was edited in a way that confused and repeated her words, making her seem confused or even sick.
A video,first reported by The Washington Post, let Pelosi speak at an event held by the Center for American Progress on Wednesday. According to the Post, the video spread over YouTube and Twitter and was viewed at least 1.4 million times on Facebook alone.
A Pelosi spokesperson told it Post that the office would not comment on & # 39; this sexist waste & # 39 ;.
The President's tweet was sent on Thursday evening and was not deleted due to press time. Twitter declined to comment, but it is noteworthy that the platform has no policies that contain instructions for removing fake or manipulated information or video. The only election-related misinformation that the platform will remove relates to the act itself or misleading information about specific candidates, such as a person's voting point and the times that it is opened or closed on election day.
The video below has been changed:
A Facebook spokesperson told The edge that the Pelosi clips would not be deleted because the platform has no policy dictating the removal of fake information. The video was sent for review to a third party reviewer who identified it as & # 39; false & # 39; has reviewed, so according to Facebook it has been removed in news feeds, but not deleted.
Facebook does that Include "Related Articles" and in this case contains links to disable the video Politifact and Hoax Alert, but only if users leave their feeds and open a larger version of the video on the platform.
"This is the kind of passivity that has doomed countless Rohingya people in Myanmar," former editor at Facebook fact checker Snopes, Brooke Binkowski, said in a tweet.
A spokesperson from YouTube told The hill that it has "clear policies" about what is acceptable on the platform, and has deleted the modified Pelosi clips after they were flagged. "They also did not come prominently forward," the spokesman said. "In fact, search results and the following panels about Nancy Pelosi contain videos from authoritative sources, usually at the top."
But modified and edited fragments are only the tip of the iceberg when it comes to manipulated media and the threat it poses to elections when it is destroyed on social media. This video from Pelosi appears to be only an edited version of the original clip and not made using the so-called "deepfake" software. Yet it is a good example of how manufactured video can catch fire on social media.
Distorted videos played a serious role in previous presidential elections, particularly in 2016 when clips from Hillary Clinton were edited to make her look sick on the campaign path. These Clinton video & # 39; s were widely shared, leaving some & # 39; experts & # 39; were inspired to make her pseudo-diagnosis with brain injury or other disorders.
Earlier this month, Adam Schiff (D-CA), who is chairing the House Select Committee on Intelligence, sounded the alarm on deepfake technology. "I am deeply concerned that deepfakes can be used to spread disinformation or to interfere in our elections," Schiff said. "We have another election and it is more important than ever for the public to distinguish between what is real and what is fake. Our democracy depends on it."
Some legislation has been circulated to combat the threats against frozen food. Sen. Ben Sasse (R-NE) submitted a bill earlier this year that would make it illegal to make or distribute malicious deepfake videos. But since Congress is moving slowly, it is doubtful that this policy could be transposed into laws before the 2020 elections.