A leading dentist and dental specialist has shared the nine oral health cues that may indicate that you have a health problem – and why they should never be ignored.
Dr. Reena Wadia, from London, said you should never neglect your dental check-ups as they can point to a series of serious problems – from diabetes to Crohn’s disease.
“Regular checking of your teeth and gums can tell you more than you think,” said Dr. Wadia against FEMAIL.
So what should you pay attention to?
Dr. Reena Wadia (photo), from London, said you should never neglect your dental check-ups because they can point to a series of problems – from diabetes to Crohn’s disease
1. Redness around the corners of the mouth
If you suffer from redness around the mouth, you may be short of iron or B vitamins.
“Redness or inflammation around the corners with or without skin breakdown and crusting can be symptomless, itchy or painful,” Dr. said. Wadia to Daily Mail Australia.
“This is common in the elderly and it is thought that about 25 percent of people are iron deficient or deficient in B vitamins.”
The dentist stressed that chronic iron deficiency can also cause a red, glossy tongue.
Change your diet if you notice that you are suffering from one of these conditions.
2. Bleeding gums
If you suffer from bleeding gums, Dr. Wadia the first thing to think is that this is ‘not normal’.
“Bleeding is always an alarm – it’s the way your body tells you that something isn’t quite right,” she said.
Bleeding gums after brushing or flossing your teeth is usually the first sign of gum disease, the expert explained.
This is also called periodontitis or periodontitis.
“The mouth is connected to the rest of the body, and there is now a lot of evidence suggesting links between gum disease and general health issues such as diabetes, heart and kidney disease,” Dr. said. Wadia.
If you suffer from bleeding gums, Dr. Wadia the first thing to think is that this is ‘not normal’ – because bleeding gums are ‘always an alarm bell’ (stock image)
3. Large, swollen gums
The third signal to look forward to is large, swollen gums – which can also indicate gum disease.
“Medications that are often used for high blood pressure, epilepsy or after a transplant can cause the gums to overgrow in the presence of plaque,” Dr. said. Wadia.
“It is often possible for your dentist or dental specialist to contact your doctor to replace the medicine with something that does not have such an unpleasant side effect.”
Dr. Wadia added that it is always important to tackle overgrown gums, as if they are large and swollen, difficult to clean – and this increases your risk of gum disease.
4. Dental meat pigmentation
Although the gum color varies from person to person, Dr. revealed Wadia that there are two general conditions where pigmentation of the gums is a key sign.
“Addison’s disease is a condition that prevents adrenal glands from producing enough hormones, and as the disease progresses, a person may experience pigmentation or darkening of the gums,” she said.
‘Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a genetic disorder that can increase the risk of developing polyps or cancer.
“One of the early symptoms is the appearance of dark blue or dark brown freckles, which can appear on the mouth as well as on the skin of the fingers and toes.”
5. Flat teeth
If your teeth are flat, you may sharpen them at night – which is often a side effect of stress and anxiety.
“Most people who grind their teeth don’t know they are doing it,” Dr. said. Wadia.
‘It often happens during sleep or while concentrating or under stress. In addition to flat teeth, this is often associated with headache and jaw pain. “
If you suspect that you are sharpening, use a mouth guard to prevent damage.
6. Translucent or ‘shiny’ teeth
Translucent, shiny teeth are usually due to dental erosion, of which Dr. Wadia said it is usually caused by ‘acid that wears away the enamel part of the tooth’.
“With this, the teeth can also start to flake and look more yellowed.”
The acid in your mouth can come from your diet, but it can also come from the stomach thanks to acid reflux.
‘Your stomach produces natural acids that help your body digest food. Sometimes these acids travel through the throat and mouth, especially after a big meal, “Dr. said. Wadia.
Although usually these will be balanced, for those who suffer from gastroesophageal reflux, the stomach acids will reach the mouth throughout the day.
“About five to 10 percent of people with GERD develop Barrett’s esophagus, where heartburn causes precancerous changes in cells,” Dr. said. Wadia.
Have your doctor or dentist take a look and see if you need to remove abnormal cells.
Ulcers are a common problem for many people, Dr. said. Wadia (photo), and although they may worry you, they are usually a side effect of stress and anxiety
7. Mouth ulcers
Ulcers are a common problem for many people – and although they may worry you, they are usually a side effect of stress and anxiety.
Dr. However, Wadia said it is a good idea to be aware of it and have them checked if you are worried.
This is because mouth ulcers can sometimes be caused by certain medical conditions, including viral infections, vitamin B12 and iron deficiency, Crohn’s disease and celiac disease.
8. Bad breath
Bad breath – also known as halitosis – affects a third of the population and is the third most popular reason to seek dental care.
“The two most common causes of halitosis are tongue coating and gum disease,” Dr. said. Wadia.
“However, sometimes halitosis can come from other parts of the body and can be signs of another disease: fruity odor can be a sign of ketoacidoosis, an acute complication of diabetes, while a fish odor can indicate kidney disease,” Dr said. . Wadia.
A sour odor can be a sign of asthma or cystic fibrosis, while a musty odor can indicate liver cirrhosis.
9. Dry mouth
The last thing to look out for is a dry mouth – which is mainly caused by dehydration.
“There are many different opinions about how much water you should drink every day,” Dr. said. Wadia – only two liters is always a good start.
“Another common reason for dry mouth is due to side effects of medications for general health problems,” she said.
“Sometimes a dry mouth that does not go away can be caused by a condition such as diabetes or Sjogren’s syndrome.”