Crusaders married local women, had families and their sons went to war

Christians who traveled to the East from Western Europe during religious wars with medieval Muslims had children with local women, a study found.

However, these mixed families were short-lived, with brutal battles in which the offspring were exterminated and the modern residents showed no relationship with the Crusaders.

Analysis of DNA extracted from nine skeletons from the 13th century shows that the family members often died together in the fight against horrific wounds.

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The Crusades were a series of wars between 1095 and 1291, with Christian invaders trying the & # 39; holy lands & # 39; from the Near East. Modern residents of the region where the Crusades took place have no genetic evidence of crossing with Crusaders from the West

The Crusades were a series of wars between 1095 and 1291, with Christian invaders trying the & # 39; holy lands & # 39; from the Near East. Modern residents of the region where the Crusades took place have no genetic evidence of crossing with Crusaders from the West

The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between 1095 and 1291, in which Christian invaders attempted to claim the Near East. Analysis of DNA extracted from nine skeletons (pictured) dating from the 13th century shows the natives and crusaders crossed each other

The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between 1095 and 1291, in which Christian invaders attempted to claim the Near East. Analysis of DNA extracted from nine skeletons (pictured) dating from the 13th century shows the natives and crusaders crossed each other

The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between 1095 and 1291, in which Christian invaders attempted to claim the Near East. Analysis of DNA extracted from nine skeletons (pictured) dating from the 13th century shows the natives and crusaders crossed each other

The Crusades were a series of wars between 1095 and 1291, with Christian invaders trying the & # 39; holy lands & # 39; from the Near East.

It is known that nobility led the Crusades, but historical records lacked details about the common soldiers who traveled, lived, and died in the Near East.

A total of 25 skeletons dating from the 13th century were found in a burial cellar in Sidon, Lebanon, and all who died there were male.

They suffered broken bones and skulls and their bloody cadavers were burned.

Three of these people who have suffered a horrific death were Europeans from all over the continent, four were near Eastern and two people had a mixed genetic background, suggesting that they were the descendants of mixed relationships between Crusaders and nearby Easterners .

The violent deaths indicate that they died in battle and is a likely explanation why the bloodlines of the Crusaders became dry after only a handful of generations in the Near East.

Next to the well was a separate head – robbed of a body.

Experts from the Wellcome Sanger Institute who published their research in the American Journal of Human Genetics believe that this severed head was probably from an individual infected with a disease and thrown into the ranks of the opposition to lower morale and spread disease.

The remains were also found with a number of relics such as shoe buckles and coins dated to carbon in the time of the Crusades.

A total of 25 skeletons dating from the 13th century have been found in a burial cellar in Sidon (image), Lebanon and all were men who died with broken bones and skulls and burned their bloody cadavers

A total of 25 skeletons dating from the 13th century have been found in a burial cellar in Sidon (image), Lebanon and all were men who died with broken bones and skulls and burned their bloody cadavers

A total of 25 skeletons dating from the 13th century have been found in a burial cellar in Sidon (image), Lebanon and all were men who died with broken bones and skulls and burned their bloody cadavers

Three of the people on the site met a horrific death, Europeans from all over the continent, four near Eastern and two people had a mixed genetic background

Three of the people on the site met a horrific death, Europeans from all over the continent, four near Eastern and two people had a mixed genetic background

Three of the people on the site met a horrific death, Europeans from all over the continent, four near Eastern and two people had a mixed genetic background

Crusaders who traveled from Western Europe to the East as part of the religious missions in the Middle Ages, acquired children with local women, but did not make a lasting impact on the genetic landscape in the long term (file photo)

Crusaders who traveled from Western Europe to the East as part of the religious missions in the Middle Ages, acquired children with local women, but did not make a lasting impact on the genetic landscape in the long term (file photo)

Crusaders who traveled from Western Europe to the East as part of the religious missions in the Middle Ages, acquired children with local women, but did not make a lasting impact on the genetic landscape in the long term (file photo)

Dr. Chris Tyler-Smith, of the Wellcome Sanger Institute, said: & # 39; Historical documents tell us the names of the nobility who led the Crusades, but the identity of the soldiers remained a mystery.

& # 39; Genomics provides an unprecedented picture of the past and shows that the crusaders are from Western Europe and recruited local people from the Near East to join them in the battle.

& # 39; The Crusaders and nearby Easterners lived, fought, and died side by side. & # 39;

Researchers took DNA samples from modern Lebanese residents and compared it with the DNA of remains during the Roman period and the time of the Crusades.

The mixed remains suggest that they were some descendants of mixed relationships between crusaders and nearby Easterners

The mixed remains suggest that they were some descendants of mixed relationships between crusaders and nearby Easterners

The mixed remains suggest that they were some descendants of mixed relationships between crusaders and nearby Easterners

The violent deaths indicate that they died in battle and is a likely explanation why the bloodlines of the Crusaders became dry after only a handful of generations in the Near East. Next to the well was a separate head - robbed of a body

The violent deaths indicate that they died in battle and is a likely explanation why the bloodlines of the Crusaders became dry after only a handful of generations in the Near East. Next to the well was a separate head - robbed of a body

The violent deaths indicate that they died in battle and is a likely explanation why the bloodlines of the Crusaders became dry after only a handful of generations in the Near East. Next to the well was a separate head – robbed of a body

Researchers took DNA samples from modern Lebanese residents and compared it with the DNA of remains during the Roman period and the time of the Crusades. They discovered that people today resemble the Lebanese-Romans and not the mixed descendants of the Crusades

Researchers took DNA samples from modern Lebanese residents and compared it with the DNA of remains during the Roman period and the time of the Crusades. They discovered that people today resemble the Lebanese-Romans and not the mixed descendants of the Crusades

Researchers took DNA samples from modern Lebanese residents and compared it with the DNA of remains during the Roman period and the time of the Crusades. They discovered that people today resemble the Lebanese-Romans and not the mixed descendants of the Crusades

They found that people today look a lot like the Lebanese-Romans and not the mixed descendants of the Crusades, indicating that the religious quest had no lasting influence on the genetic diversity in the area.

Extracting DNA for this analysis was an extremely difficult task for which the bone fragments had to be shipped to a Cambridge laboratory where the remaining genetic material was extracted from the sleeping bone in the skulls.

Dr. Claude Doumet-Serhal, director of the Sidon excavation site in Lebanon, said: & I was delighted to discover the genetic identity of the people who lived in the Near East during the Crusades.

& # 39; Just five years ago, studies like this had not been possible.

& # 39; The association of archaeologists and geneticists creates an incredible opportunity to interpret important events in history. & # 39;

A total of 25 skeletons dating from the 13th century were found in a burial cellar in Sidon, Lebanon. All were men who died with broken bones and skulls and burned their bloody cadavers

A total of 25 skeletons dating from the 13th century were found in a burial cellar in Sidon, Lebanon. All were men who died with broken bones and skulls and burned their bloody cadavers

A total of 25 skeletons dating from the 13th century were found in a burial cellar in Sidon, Lebanon. All were men who died with broken bones and skulls and burned their bloody cadavers

WHAT WERE THE CRUSADES?

The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between 1095 and 1291, in which Christian invaders attempted to claim the Near East.

It is known that the nobility led the Crusades, but historical reports lacked details about the common soldiers who traveled, lived, and died in the Near East.

Pope Urban II started the First Crusade (1096-1102) to help the Christian Byzantine empire, which was attacked by Islamic Seljuk Turks.

Europeans conquered Jerusalem in 1099 as a result and Muslims quickly united against the Christian invasion.

Muslims tightly controlled Jerusalem in 1291 and it remained in Muslim hands until the twentieth century.

The Crusades formed the basis for various religious chivalrous military orders, including the Knights Templar, the German Order and the Knights of the Hospital.

These groups defended the Holy Land and protected pilgrims traveling to and from the region.

The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between 1095 and 1291, in which Christian invaders attempted to claim the Near East. It is known that nobility led the Crusades, but historical records lacked details of ordinary soldiers (file photo)

The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between 1095 and 1291, in which Christian invaders attempted to claim the Near East. It is known that nobility led the Crusades, but historical records lacked details of ordinary soldiers (file photo)

The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought between 1095 and 1291, in which Christian invaders attempted to claim the Near East. It is known that nobility led the Crusades, but historical records lacked details of ordinary soldiers (file photo)