According to a new study, men who use their mobile phone often suffer from a 21 percent lower sperm concentration.
The quality of a man’s semen is determined by factors such as sperm concentration, total sperm count, how well the sperm swim, and the size and shape of the sperm.
Many studies have shown that semen quality has decreased over the past 50 years, and sperm count has decreased from an average of 99 million sperm per milliliter to 47 million.
This drop is thought to be due to a combination of environmental factors such as pesticides and radiation, and lifestyle habits such as diet, smoking, alcohol and stress.
The team, from the University of Geneva, collected data from 2,886 men aged between 18 and 22, who provided a semen sample. Participants also answered questions about mobile phone use and where they placed it when not in use.
The researchers wanted to investigate whether the electromagnetic radiation emitted by mobile phones could affect semen quality.
The team, from the University of Geneva, collected data from 2,886 men aged between 18 and 22, who provided a semen sample.
Participants also answered questions about their mobile phone use and where they placed it when not in use.
The analysis revealed that there was a link between frequent mobile phone use and lower sperm concentration.
Men who used their phone more than 20 times a day had a 21 percent decrease in sperm concentration compared to those who didn’t use their phone more than once a week.
This link was found to be most pronounced during the early years of the study, between 2005 and 2007, and gradually decreased over time until 2018.
Researcher Martin Roosli, who worked on the study, said: “This trend corresponds to the transition from 2G to 3G, and then from 3G to 4G, which has led to a reduction in the transmission power of phones.”
The results also showed that where men kept their phone (for example, in their pants pocket) did not affect semen quality.
In an article in the journal Fertility & Sterility, researchers explained that one in six couples has problems conceiving, and about half of the cases are attributable to the male partner.
“The use of mobile phones has increased substantially in recent decades,” they stated, “and there is growing concern about the possible harmful effects of radio frequency electromagnetic fields emitted by these devices on human health and, in particular, on functional functions. “reproductive”.
“This study suggests that greater mobile phone use is associated with lower sperm concentration and total count.”
They added that the mechanism through which mobile phone use may affect the male reproductive system remains “unclear.”
First author Rita Rahban said: ‘Do microwaves emitted by mobile phones have a direct or indirect effect?
‘Do they cause a significant increase in temperature in the testicles? Do they affect the hormonal regulation of sperm production?
“All this remains to be discovered.”
Commenting on the study, Professor Allan Pacey, a fertility expert at the University of Manchester, said: “There have been many, many studies done on this, and they have all been a bit rubbish.”
‘But I have to say that this is a pretty good article; It’s the kind of article I wish I had made myself.
‘This is just an association, so we absolutely cannot say that mobile phones are bad for sperm according to this study; all that can be said is that there is an association.
“What I like is that you can see a gradation over the years, suggesting that 2G was worse than 4G.”
When asked if he was surprised by the results, he said: “Yes, because I’ve always been a little skeptical that there is any risk.”
‘I don’t think men should worry about this, but be aware.
“(The effect) seems to be diminishing over the years, so this could be something historic.”
Professor Pacey added: “Although this paper gives researchers clear direction for their future studies, I’m not sure it really changes the advice I would give to men concerned about their fertility.”
‘If men are concerned, putting their phones in a bag and limiting their use is a relatively easy thing to do. But there is currently no evidence that it improves sperm quality. For my part, I will continue to keep my phone in my pants pocket.’
Professor Malcolm Sperrin, a member of the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine, said: “The findings certainly stimulate the need for further research.
‘However, there is a vital need on the part of the lay reader to avoid overinterpreting the findings and drawing conclusions that are difficult to justify.
‘Using a questionnaire to determine phone use is likely to be associated with large error bars, but it is difficult to see how else this data could be obtained; Self-assessment is notoriously prone to uncertainty.
“There are likely numerous confounding factors that the authors and future researchers will be able to investigate, such as the hypothesis that increased phone use is associated with anxiety, which is the cause of lower sperm quality.”
THE CAUSES OF MALE INFERTILITY
The most common cause of infertility in men is poor quality semen, the fluid containing sperm that is ejaculated during sexual intercourse.
Possible reasons for abnormal semen include:
- Lack of sperm: You may have a very low sperm count or no sperm at all.
- sperm that do not move correctly; this will make it more difficult for the sperm to swim to the egg
- Abnormal sperm: Sperm can sometimes be abnormally shaped, making it difficult for them to move and fertilize an egg.
Many cases of abnormal semen are unexplained.
There is a link between increased scrotal temperature and reduced semen quality, but it is unclear whether wearing loose underwear improves fertility.
The testicles produce and store sperm. If they are damaged, it can seriously affect the quality of your semen.
This can happen as a result of:
- an infection of your testicles
- Testicular cancer
- testicular surgery
- a problem with the testicles you were born with (a birth defect)
- when one or both testicles have not descended into the scrotum, the loose sac of skin that contains the testicles (undescended testicles)
- testicle injury
Some men choose to have a vasectomy if they do not want to have children or have more children.
It involves cutting and sealing the tubes that carry sperm out of the testicles (the vas deferens) so that the semen no longer contains sperm.
A vasectomy can be reversed, but reversals are usually not successful.
Hypogonadism is an abnormally low level of testosterone, the male sex hormone involved in sperm production.
It could be caused by a tumor, using illegal drugs, or Klinefelter syndrome, a rare syndrome in which a man is born with an extra female chromosome.
Medications and drugs
Certain types of medications can sometimes cause infertility problems.
These medications are listed below:
- sulfasalazine: an anti-inflammatory medication used to treat conditions such as Crohn’s disease and rheumatoid arthritis; Sulfasalazine may decrease sperm count, but its effects are temporary and your sperm count should return to normal when you stop taking it.
- anabolic steroids – often used illegally to build muscle and improve athletic performance; Prolonged abuse of anabolic steroids can reduce sperm count and motility.
- Chemotherapy: Drugs used in chemotherapy can sometimes severely reduce sperm production.
- Herbal Remedies: Some herbal remedies, such as root extracts of the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii, can affect sperm production or reduce the size of the testicles.
- Illegal drugs, such as marijuana and cocaine, can also affect semen quality.
Fountain: National Health Service