Public transportation may be the reason black people die from the new coronavirus faster than whites, two new studies suggest.
African Americans are more than 2.5 times more likely than whites to drive commuter trains, subways, and buses – and 3.5 times more likely to die from the virus.
A study found that racial differences in mortality rates persisted in control for other factors, and is likely related to the fact that black workers are more likely to travel en masse.
And the second study found an increase in death rate for every 10 percent increase in those who commute compared to people who work from home.
African Americans use public transportation in urban areas 2.5 times more than whites, and 3.5 times more likely to die from coronavirus. Pictured: People ride the subway around New York City on May 27
One study found that racial differences in death rates for viruses in control for factors such as household income, and a second study found that for every 10% increase in commuters compared to teleworkers, there was an increase of 1.21 deaths per 1,000 people (up here)
According to a 2016 Pew Research reportamong urban residents, 34 percent of blacks said they use public transport daily or weekly, compared with only 14 percent of whites.
African Americans were more likely to live in large urban areas than in suburbs.
They also had less access to cars and lived further away from their jobs, with no options for walking or cycling xx.
For the first study, of the University of Virginia, an economist looked at coronavirus mortality, economic and demographic data from 3,140 US counties.
He found a strong association area between a province’s share of African Americans and deaths from COVID-19.
This was true even when factors such as family income, poverty level, insurance rates and the amount of education were checked.
“However, a significant part of the inequality can be caused by the use of public transportation, which also explains much of the difference in mortality between Los Angeles and New York,” John McLaren wrote.
The mortality rate in New York City is 1.31 percent, while the rate in Los Angeles is 3.37 percent.
For the second study, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the team looked at provincial-level mortality rates and commuting methods.
They found that they found that higher amounts of commuting to work by public transport were linked to higher mortality rates.
In particular, the number of deaths among residents using public transport has increased by 10 percent compared to teleworkers, by 1.21 per 1,000 residents.
Among states, commuters saw an increase of 0.48 per 1,000 people, even taking into account demographics.
The authors say that public transport offers excellent conditions for distribution, people who are close to each other and use the same rails and poles.
Of course, they add that the racial difference in death rates across the province cannot be attributed solely to transit use.
There are other factors, including higher rates of underlying health problems such as obesity and diabetes, as well as higher rates of lack of insurance.
However, there are signs that states are reopening that mass transportation may not be linked to higher infection and / or death rates.
The Wall Street Journal reports that in Paris, where riders must wear face masks and all other scrapers are unoccupied, only 9% of new clusters have been linked to transit since May 9.