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Coronavirus killed TWICE as many factory workers and security guards as doctors and nurses

Men working in factories or as security guards were twice as likely to die of coronavirus than healthcare workers during the height of the outbreak in Britain, data revealed today.

Office for National Statistics (ONS) experts analysed the occupations of all the 4,700 Covid-19 victims in England and Wales who were of working age (20-64) and died between March 9 and May 25. 

Analysis showed 74 male security guards or bouncers died for every 100,000 men during the brunt of the crisis, followed by a rate of 73 for male factory workers. 

In comparison, male nurses and doctors – who were treating the sickest Covid-19 patients, many without proper protective gear – died at a rate of 30 per 100,000 men, as a whole. The rate among ambulance staff (82.4) was still higher, however. 

The ONS – who cautioned there was not enough data to accurately look at the most dangerous jobs for women – says its data does not prove these jobs are more dangerous than working in hospitals because it does not take into account ethnicity or deprivation, two factors linked to a higher risk of dying.

And statisticians warned the rate for factory and security workers will also be skewed upwards because there are many more healthcare workers. For example, 130 male healthcare workers died from coronavirus during the two-and-a-half month period, compared to 62 deaths among factory employees.

Factory workers have worked throughout the crisis to keep the nation fed during lockdown, and are among the most likely to have been interacting with others when the disease was spreading at its fastest. Security guards had to be deployed to supermarkets during the outbreak to ensure social distancing was adhered to inside shops and in queues, exposing them to hundreds of potential Covid-19 carriers each day.

Data also shows the death rate was higher in 17 different occupations for men, including taxi drivers (65), chefs (56.8), busmen (44.2) and shop assistants (34.2) at a higher rate than the national average (19.1). They were up to six times more likely to die from Covid than men in ‘professional’ occupations (11.1 per 100,000). This is largely thought to be because they continue to work from home and avoid contact with others. 

Experts said today’s findings showed that Covid-19 ‘is largely an occupational disease’ and called for all workers who have regular contact with patients or the public to be supplied with personal protective equipment (PPE).  

Men working in so-called 'elementary occupations' were the worst-hit group during the height of the coronavirus outbreak in Britain. These workers are mostly in public-facing jobs and are least likely to have been able to work from home. Whereas men in 'professional' occupations had the lowest death rate, largely thought to be because they continue to work home and avoid contact with others

Men working in so-called 'elementary occupations' were the worst-hit group during the height of the coronavirus outbreak in Britain. These workers are mostly in public-facing jobs and are least likely to have been able to work from home. Whereas men in 'professional' occupations had the lowest death rate, largely thought to be because they continue to work home and avoid contact with others

Men working in so-called ‘elementary occupations’ were the worst-hit group during the height of the coronavirus outbreak in Britain. These workers are mostly in public-facing jobs and are least likely to have been able to work from home. Whereas men in ‘professional’ occupations had the lowest death rate, largely thought to be because they continue to work home and avoid contact with others

Among these workers, those in factories were the worst hit, suffering 73.3 deaths per 100,000 men, followed by security workers (72)

Among these workers, those in factories were the worst hit, suffering 73.3 deaths per 100,000 men, followed by security workers (72)

Among these workers, those in factories were the worst hit, suffering 73.3 deaths per 100,000 men, followed by security workers (72)

Data shows the disease was also killing male taxi drivers (65) and busmen (44.2) at up to six times the rate of men in 'professional' occupations

Data shows the disease was also killing male taxi drivers (65) and busmen (44.2) at up to six times the rate of men in 'professional' occupations

Data shows the disease was also killing male taxi drivers (65) and busmen (44.2) at up to six times the rate of men in ‘professional’ occupations

There have been more than 54,000 deaths linked to the coronavirus in the UK since the pandemic began but the vast majority of these have been people over the age of 65.

Nearly two-thirds of the deaths (3,122) were among men – in line with the national average. When age was factored out, men died at a rate of 19.1 per 100,000, compared with 9.7 for women (1,639 deaths). 

In the social care sector, there were rates of 50.1 deaths per 100,000 men and 19.1 deaths per 100,000 women. For healthcare workers, the death rate was 30.4 for men and 11 for females.

‘Elementary’ jobs, such as cleaners, binmen, factory workers, shop assistants and construction workers, had the highest risk of death in men. 

Among them, male security staff were the worst-hit, dying at a rate of 74 per 100,000 men between, followed by men working in factories (73.3). 

The ONS says these occupations have statistically significantly higher proportions of workers from black and Asian ethnic backgrounds – who are known to be disproportionately affected by the disease. 

Among women, sales and retail assistants were among the occupations with the highest death rate, at 15.7 per 100,000 women. 

Ben Humberstone, head of health analysis and life events at ONS, said the analysis does not prove conclusively that different jobs carry higher risks of catching and dying from coronavirus.

Office for National Statistics figures released today show that male nurses and doctors - who were treating the sickest Covid-19 patients, many without proper protective gear - died at a rate of 30 per 100,000 men. In male care home staff, the rate was 50.1 per 100,000

Office for National Statistics figures released today show that male nurses and doctors - who were treating the sickest Covid-19 patients, many without proper protective gear - died at a rate of 30 per 100,000 men. In male care home staff, the rate was 50.1 per 100,000

Office for National Statistics figures released today show that male nurses and doctors – who were treating the sickest Covid-19 patients, many without proper protective gear – died at a rate of 30 per 100,000 men. In male care home staff, the rate was 50.1 per 100,000

Women in care homes (19.1 deaths per 100,000) were also worse affected than female doctors and nurses (11). But the risk of dying from coronavirus was significantly smaller than observed in men

Women in care homes (19.1 deaths per 100,000) were also worse affected than female doctors and nurses (11). But the risk of dying from coronavirus was significantly smaller than observed in men

Women in care homes (19.1 deaths per 100,000) were also worse affected than female doctors and nurses (11). But the risk of dying from coronavirus was significantly smaller than observed in men

The report – the latest in a string of huge sets of data published by the ONS – adjusted for age but not for other factors such as ethnic group and place of residence. 

It also did not factor in the jobs of other family members in the household, which could increase exposure to the virus in members of the same home. 

Mr Humberstone added: ‘There are lots of complex things playing out during the pandemic and the risk of death involving Covid-19 is influenced by a range of factors including the job someone does, but also age, ethnicity and underlying health conditions. 

‘We also know that people living in the most deprived local areas, and those living in urban areas such as London, have been found to have the highest rates of death involving Covid-19.

‘Today’s analysis shows that jobs involving close proximity with others, and those where there is regular exposure to disease, have some of the highest rates of death from Covid-19. 

‘However, our findings do not prove conclusively that the observed rates of death involving Covid-19 are necessarily caused by differences in occupational exposure.’

The ONS highlighted 17 jobs that drove up the chance of dying from coronavirus in males and found 11 of them have statistically higher proportions of workers from black, Asian and ethnic minority (BAME) backgrounds. 

For women, four specific occupations had raised rates of death, including Government admin workers, at 23.4 deaths per 100,000, care home workers (19.1), sales assistants (15.7) and healthcare staff (15.3).    

Are doctors getting better at treating Covid-19? Britain’s coronavirus death rate in hospitals has FALLEN to a quarter of level it was during peak of the crisis

The risk of dying from coronavirus after being hospitalised has plummeted since the peak of the outbreak, suggesting doctors are getting better at treating it.

Analysis by Oxford University shows that 6 per cent of people admitted to hospitals in England with the virus died at the beginning of April.

But the figures show by June 15, just 1.5 per cent of Covid-19 patients were dying of the disease – a quarter of the level at the peak of the crisis.

Oxford statisticians can’t pin down exactly why survival rates have fallen so much – but they believe doctors may be becoming better at treating the virus.

In April there was no approved medicine to treat Covid-19, a disease still shrouded in mystery after jumping from animals to humans at the end of 2019. 

But now the NHS now has two drugs at its disposal to treat critically-ill patients – the Ebola medicine remdesivir and anti-inflammatory steroid dexamethasone.

Dexamethasone, a £5 steroid that has existed for decades, was the first drug proven to reduce the death rate among hospitalised patients needing oxygen. 

The evidence around remdesivir is more mixed but studies have shown it helps the most critically ill people who need ventilation. 

There is probably also be fewer people catching the coronavirus in hospital than at the peak of the crisis, which may have contributed to the fall in death rates.

Hospital patients are inherently more likely to be already unwell or elderly and so are more likely to die if they do catch it. 

Analysis by Oxford University shows that 6 per cent of people admitted to hospitals in England with the virus died at the beginning of April. But the figures show that by June 15, just 1.5 per cent of Covid-19 patients were falling victim to the disease - a quarter of the level at the peak

Analysis by Oxford University shows that 6 per cent of people admitted to hospitals in England with the virus died at the beginning of April. But the figures show that by June 15, just 1.5 per cent of Covid-19 patients were falling victim to the disease - a quarter of the level at the peak

Analysis by Oxford University shows that 6 per cent of people admitted to hospitals in England with the virus died at the beginning of April. But the figures show that by June 15, just 1.5 per cent of Covid-19 patients were falling victim to the disease – a quarter of the level at the peak

Decline in new coronavirus cases has ‘levelled off’ as data shows between 1,900 and 3,200 people are still catching Covid-19 in England each day 

Between 1,900 and 3,200 people are catching the coronavirus every day in England — but the speed at which the outbreak is shrinking has ‘levelled off’, according to data. 

The estimate is lower than last week, when two separate projections from King’s College London experts and the Office for National Statistics (ONS) ranged from between 3,200 to 3,800.  

King’s College’s COVID Symptom Tracker app predicts 1,978 people in England are getting struck down daily. The ONS, whose estimate is based on population swab testing, puts the figure at approximately 3,142. 

But statisticians cautioned the number of people infected with Covid-19 could have even gone up — from 33,000 people a fortnight ago to 51,000 on June 21, around 0.09 per cent of the population (one in 1,100 people).

The ONS explained that the extremely small sample size — the number is based only on 14 positive tests, up from 10 last week — is likely to have swayed the estimate. Experts stopped short of saying the outbreak had rebounded and started to rise again, instead saying there was no evidence it was either growing nor shrinking. 

Government advisers today claimed the R rate for the UK and England remains between 0.7 and 0.9 for the third week in a row. But they admitted it could be as high as 1.0 in the North West. Number 10’s scientific advisory panel SAGE today also revealed the growth rate — how the number of new daily cases is changing day-by-day — is still between minus four and minus two per cent. 

Prime Minister Boris Johnson this week dramatically unwound the coronavirus lockdown, bringing the country out of ‘hibernation’ — with a return for pubs, haircuts and weddings and family and friends getting the green light to meet up indoors for the first time in months. 

The Prime Minister said he wanted to ‘make life easier’ after an ‘incredibly tough time’ with bars, restaurants, cinemas and hairdressers in England able to get back up and running from July 4 – dubbed ‘Super Saturday’.

Of 10,387 people in hospital in England with Covid-19 on April 2, 644 died, giving a death rate of 6 per cent.

On June 15, 50 out of 3,270 hospital patients fell victim to the disease, which works out at roughly 1.5 per cent. 

The researchers considered whether those being admitted to hospital were younger, and so more likely to survive.

But the data showed there are actually now more deaths over the age of 60 than at the peak in early April. 

Jason Oke, from the University of Oxford, was one of the statisticians behind the UK analysis. 

He told The Times that he was initially uneasy about releasing the analysis, adding: ‘We sat on it. We had a good discussion about it to try and work out all the different ways we could be wrong.

‘Then we thought we should put it out there — it’s what we’ve observed. The caveat is, we don’t really understand why this is happening. But it’s happening.’

Other hard-hit countries, including the US and Italy are seeing similar trends in their death rates. 

Dr Oke admitted the newly-approved drugs may be partly behind the fall, but he said there would be other factors at play.

He warned a less optimistic explanation may be that a large number of mild to moderately ill patients were turned away from hospitals in April.

He said: ‘Maybe early on the pandemic, when we thought we would be overrun, we took only the severest cases.’  

If only the sickest patients – who are more likely to die from Covid – were being treated, then this could skew the death rate upwards, even if there was no difference in the actual survival rate. 

The total number of people dying with Covid-19 in English hospitals each week has fallen by 4.3 per cent a day, meaning numbers have halved every 16 days.

Deaths hit their peak of 899 on April 8 but have since fallen to just 50 on the week ending June 15. 

The number of people in hospital with coronavirus has also fallen from a peak of 15,702 on April 10 to 2,891 on the June 19 – meaning numbers have halved every month. 

Data shows that between 1,900 and 3,200 people are catching the coronavirus every day in England — but the speed at which the outbreak is shrinking has ‘levelled off’, according to data. 

The estimate is lower than last week, when two separate projections from King’s College London experts and the Office for National Statistics (ONS) ranged from between 3,200 to 3,800. 

King’s College’s COVID Symptom Tracker app predicts 1,978 people in England are getting struck down daily. The ONS, whose estimate is based on population swab testing, puts the figure at approximately 3,142. 

But statisticians cautioned the number of people infected with Covid-19 could have even gone up — from 33,000 people a fortnight ago to 51,000 on June 21, around 0.09 per cent of the population (one in 1,100 people).

The ONS explained that the extremely small sample size — the number is based only on 14 positive tests, up from 10 last week — is likely to have swayed the estimate. 

King's College London 's COVID Symptom Tracker app estimates that just 2,341 Britons are being struck down with the coronavirus every day. Last week they used this data to estimate that there were 3,612 people catching the virus every day in Britain and roughly 4,942 people the week before that. The figure was higher than 11,000 per day a month ago

King's College London 's COVID Symptom Tracker app estimates that just 2,341 Britons are being struck down with the coronavirus every day. Last week they used this data to estimate that there were 3,612 people catching the virus every day in Britain and roughly 4,942 people the week before that. The figure was higher than 11,000 per day a month ago

King’s College London ‘s COVID Symptom Tracker app estimates that just 2,341 Britons are being struck down with the coronavirus every day. Last week they used this data to estimate that there were 3,612 people catching the virus every day in Britain and roughly 4,942 people the week before that. The figure was higher than 11,000 per day a month ago

Experts stopped short of saying the outbreak had rebounded and started to rise again, instead saying there was no evidence it was either growing nor shrinking. 

Government advisers today claimed the R rate for the UK and England remains between 0.7 and 0.9 for the third week in a row. But they admitted it could be as high as 1.0 in the North West. Number 10’s scientific advisory panel SAGE today also revealed the growth rate — how the number of new daily cases is changing day-by-day — is still between minus four and minus two per cent. 

Prime Minister Boris Johnson this week dramatically unwound the coronavirus lockdown, bringing the country out of ‘hibernation’ — with a return for pubs, haircuts and weddings and family and friends getting the green light to meet up indoors for the first time in months. 

The Prime Minister said he wanted to ‘make life easier’ after an ‘incredibly tough time’ with bars, restaurants, cinemas and hairdressers in England able to get back up and running from July 4 – dubbed ‘Super Saturday’.

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