An international conservation organization says that the endangered species of marine mammals and many species of Caribbean corals are at risk of extinction.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature announced the update on Friday at the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15) conference in Montreal.
The global conservation body uses its Red The List of Endangered Species is used for animals in imminent danger of extinction. This year, the union is sounding the alarm about the dugong – a large and docile marine mammal that lives from the east coast of Africa to the western Pacific.
The dugong is a gray herbivorous mammal, commonly known as the manatee. It is extremely vulnerable in its entire range. East Africa’s population of the dugong is at the highest risk. Red IUCN has declared that the species is listed as critically endangered. The population of New Caledonia, a French territory, has been declared endangered.
There are now less than 250 dugongs in East Africa and more than 900 in New Caledonia.
According to IUCN, the biggest threats to the animals include poaching in New Caledonia and accidental capture in East Africa fishing gear. Evan Trotzuk, who was the leader of the East Africa project, stated that they also face boat collisions and loss in seagrass, which is their main food source. Red Check the list.
Additional threats include oil and gas exploration in Mozambique, production in Mozambique, and pollution from nickel mining in the Pacific.
Trotzuk stated, “Strengthening community-led fishing management and expanding employment opportunities beyond fishing are essential in East Africa where marine ecosystems are crucial to food security”
Nearly 200 delegates, rights advocates, and scientists gathered in Canada at COP15 this week to discuss biodiversity loss and what can we do to reverse it.
Experts have been warning for years about the dangers posed by climate change and other factors to animals, plants, and ecosystems.
Antonio Guterres, UN Secretary-General, warned of dire consequences if the “orgy of destruction” of ecosystems is not stopped.
Guterres stated that humanity has become a weapon for mass destruction because of its abysmal appetite to uncontrolled and uneven economic growth.
The IUCN Red More than 150,000 species are on the list, with 42,000 of them at risk.
The Red The list is updated at least twice a year. This week’s update contains over 3,000 new additions.
Jane Smart, the head of IUCN’s Center for Science and Data, stated that political will is required to save endangered species. The severity of the new listings could be a call for action.
Pillar coral, which can be found all over the Caribbean, from the Yucatan Peninsula and Florida down to Trinidad and Tobago was made vulnerable to critically endangered.
The coral is in danger from a tissue-loss disease. The coral population has shrunk by over 80 percent over most its range since 1990. According to IUCN, more than two dozen corals are listed as critically endangered in the Atlantic.
Nearly half the Atlantic Ocean’s corals are at “an increased risk of extinction because of climate change and other impacts,” according to Beth Polidoro, an associate Professor at Arizona State University. Red IUCN List Coordinator
Poaching and unsustainable harvesting threaten abalone, a mollusk that is prized as the most expensive seafood in the globe. According to the first worldwide assessment of the species, twenty of the 54 abalone species in the world are at risk. Red List.
The union’s hundreds members include government agencies around the world, making it one of the largest environmental networks worldwide.
Jon Paul Rodriguez (chair of the IUCN Species Survival Commission) stated that most of Earth’s biosphere, or 99 percent of all the space on our planet, are under water.
“Humanity pretends that the oceans are inexhaustible, capable of sustaining an infinite crop of algae, animals and plants for food and other products, capable of absorbing vast amounts of wastewater and other pollutants that we pour into coastal areas to and absorb the CO2 generated by the land. using fossil fuel and changing the environment.