China’s most advanced satellite platform successfully goes into orbit after being launched by the world’s most powerful rocket as part of the Beijing Mars mission in 2020
- The Chinese DFH-5 platform will be formed by many high-speed satellites
- Shijian-20 reached his geosynchronous course over China on Sunday
- It will ultimately have a wide range of goals, including communication, remote sensing and scientific experiments
China’s heaviest satellite – and also the most advanced – has successfully entered a geosynchronous orbit around the earth.
Geosynchronous orbit is more than 22,000 miles above Earth and ensures that satellites can stay above the same part of the planet at all times, enabling 24/7 communication.
The Shijian-20 satellite reached its faraway location on Sunday and is the first verification satellite for the Dongfanghong-5 (DFH-5) satellite platform.
It launched on December 27 on top of the March 5 Long Y5 rocket, which has built up the title of the world’s most powerful rocket by Chinese media.
According to the Chinese space organization, it will ultimately have a wide range of goals, including communication, remote sensing and scientific experiments.
The satellite and its complex platform are expected to be used for future missions to the moon and beyond, including a planned trip to Mars in 2020.
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China’s toughest satellite has successfully entered a geosynchronous orbit around the Earth, a huge step for the country’s space program. Geosynchronous orbit is more than 22,000 miles above the earth
WHAT IS A GEOSYNCHROUS ORBIT?
A geosynchronous orbit is a high orbit with which satellites can adjust the rotation of the earth.
Satellites in a geosynchronous orbit are more than 22,000 miles (35,000 km) above the Earth – considerably higher than most satellites.
Their extreme vantage points offer them the possibility to track weather, communication and surveillance equipment
it is especially useful for monitoring a single location for a long period of time because it corresponds to the spin of the earth.
This means that the satellite will relentlessly explore the same region for months and years.
The satellite is hailed as China’s most advanced vessel to date by state-managed media and weighs a reported eight tons.
The Shijian-20 satellite, which translates as “Practice,” is designed as a high-throughput communication satellite “capable of delivering 1 Tbps bandwidth for ultrafast speeds,” said Chinese space officials, according to state-run news agency Xinhua.
It is also believed that the satellite will test a new laser communication system for future missions and ion screw technology.
Zhou Zhicheng, chief engineer of the DFH-5 satellite platform, says it is much better than its predecessors, the DFH-3 and 4.
Pei Shengwei, deputy chief designer of the Shijian-20 satellite, said: “The DFH-3 platform follows international technology standards, while the technology of the DFH-4 platform follows and even tracks international technology in some areas. That means that in some technologies we have reached the same level as others. ”
China’s Long March 5 is currently one of the most powerful rockets in the world and will help launch it for Mars and create its new space station. It is claimed to weigh more than eight tons and was launched on December 27 on top of the Y3 rocket of March 5
China now spends more than Russia and Japan on its civilian and military space programs and, in 2003, became only the third nation to kill a human being. People showed up to view and photograph the launch in December
It is claimed to have improved in weight, power and in-orbit lifespan, which will fulfill the needs of high-capacity satellites in the next 20 years,
The success of the launch of Long March 5 brings the Chinese space program back on track after an earlier attempt in July 2017 during the mid-launch.
It was a test of “key technologies related to future space missions,” the Chinese space agency said.
“The missile has important missions on its own,” Wu Yanhua, deputy head of the National Space Administration of China, told CCTV in December.
“It will be charged with a series of important missions, including the launch of China’s first Mars probe, the Chang’e 5-moon probe and a core module for the manned space station.”
WHAT IS THE FUTURE OF CHINESE SPACE EXPLORATION?
Chinese space agency officials have said the country will return to the moon with the Chang’e-5 mission at the end of 2019.
This collects rocks from the near side of the moon and brings them back to Earth for further study.
Chang’e-6 will be the first mission to explore the south pole of the moon.
Chang’e-7 is said to study the land area, composition and spatial environment in an extensive mission, while Chang’e-8 will focus on technical area analysis.
China is also reportedly building a lunar base using 3D printing technology.
Mission number eight is likely to lay the foundation for this, as it aims to verify the technology intended for the project and whether it is viable as a scientific basis.
The Chinese space agency China National Space Administration (CNSA) also says they want to travel to Mars by 2020.