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China publishes stunning images on the other side of the moon

The Chinese space agency has launched a large number of impressive images from the other side of the moon, revealing the beauty of the mysterious terrain.

The high-resolution images were published on the agency’s dedicated website and were enhanced by a NASA expert.

Doug Ellison, who heads the engineering camera team for NASA’s Curiosity Mars Rover, processed the images and posted them on Twitter.

An image of the Chang’e-4 lunar landing module with the immaculate tracks of the Yutu-2 rover came alive in color using sophisticated computer software.

Scroll down to watch the video

Ellison undid the images to reveal his true color.

Doug Ellison, who heads the engineering camera team for NASA’s Curiosity Mars Rover, processed the images and posted them on Twitter. Deburred the images to reveal their true color.

The images were taken by the terrain camera of the Chang'e-4 landing module and the panoramic camera on the Yutu-2 rover

The images were taken by the terrain camera of the Chang'e-4 landing module and the panoramic camera on the Yutu-2 rover

The images were taken by the terrain camera of the Chang’e-4 landing module and the panoramic camera on the Yutu-2 rover

In the image: the traces of the lunar rover Yutu-2, which translates directly as jade rabbit, are engraved on the dusty surface of the moon

In the image: the traces of the lunar rover Yutu-2, which translates directly as jade rabbit, are engraved on the dusty surface of the moon

In the image: the traces of the lunar rover Yutu-2, which translates directly as jade rabbit, are engraved on the dusty surface of the moon

The images were taken by the terrain camera of the Chang’e-4 landing module and the panoramic camera on the Yutu-2 rover.

The data dump measured more than 10 GB and includes images taken during its first year of operation.

Ellison tweeted ‘Oh, this is very beautiful’ after successfully deburring the photos.

Debayering is a technique that uses software to reveal the true color of a photo.

The data dump measured more than 10 GB and includes images of more than one year in operation. Includes images of the pointed surface of the moon (in the photo, a small crater photographed by Yutu)

The data dump measured more than 10 GB and includes images of more than one year in operation. Includes images of the pointed surface of the moon (in the photo, a small crater photographed by Yutu)

The data dump measured more than 10 GB and includes images of more than one year in operation. Includes images of the pointed surface of the moon (in the photo, a small crater photographed by Yutu)

The images were sent back in what appears to be black and white, but in reality it is an incomplete color image. You can configure computer programs to extract the true color (in the photo)

The images were sent back in what appears to be black and white, but in reality it is an incomplete color image. You can configure computer programs to extract the true color (in the photo)

The images were sent back in what appears to be black and white, but in reality it is an incomplete color image. You can configure computer programs to extract the true color (in the photo)

Some of the images include a look at the Von Karmer crater where the mission landed and reveals the crossroads of the rover (pictured)

Some of the images include a look at the Von Karmer crater where the mission landed and reveals the crossroads of the rover (pictured)

Some of the images include a look at the Von Karmer crater where the mission landed and reveals the crossroads of the rover (pictured)

WHY IS THE FAR SIDE OF THE MOON KNOWN AS THE ‘DARK SIDE’?

The far side of the moon, colloquially known as the dark side, actually receives as much light as the near side, but always moves away from Earth.

Less than a fifth of the opposite half of the moon is visible and it wasn’t until 1959 until we received images of what it looked like when the Soviet spacecraft Luna 3 returned to the mysterious region.

In 1968, astronauts aboard the Apollo 8 spacecraft were the first humans to look the other way in person while orbiting the moon.

Since then, several missions from NASA and other space agencies have captured images from the far side of the Moon.

That includes NASA’s Deep Impact spacecraft, which took images from the far side from a distance of 31 million miles (49m km) in 2008.

This relatively unexplored region is hilly and rugged, which makes a successful landing much harder to achieve.

The astrophysics professor at the University of Nottingham, Christopher Conselice, said that the farthest side is much stronger and has less volcanic activity than the side we see from Earth.

The images were sent back in what appears to be black and white, but in reality they are incomplete color images.

Computer programs can be used to extract true coloration.

Some of the images present views of the Von Karmer crater where the mission landed.

It is the largest impact crater in the entire solar system with eight miles (13 km) deep and 1,600 miles (2,500 km) in diameter.

The far side of the moon, colloquially known as the dark side, actually receives as much light as the near side, but always moves away from Earth.

This is because the moon is blocked by the tide on Earth, rotating at the same speed that our planet orbits, so the far side, or the ‘dark side’, is never visible from our planet.

The days on the moon last 14 Earth days thanks to its orbit around the Earth and can only operate during the lunar day when it is hotter.

Chang’e-4 and Yutu-2 are entering their fourteenth lunar day in operation.

The lunar probe mission Chang’e-4, named for the moon goddess in Chinese mythology, was launched last December from the launching center of southwest Xichang.

It is the second Chinese probe that lands on the moon, after the Yutu rover mission in 2013.

Notable images are a secondary benefit of the vital data that is being transmitted to Earth through its own dedicated relay satellite called Queqiao.

It is permanently stationed in operational orbit about 40,000 miles beyond the moon and is used to bounce images from the other side of the moon to Earth.

The tasks of the Chang’e-4 include astronomical observation, the study of the terrain of the moon, the shape of the terrain and mineral composition, and the measurement of neutron radiation and neutral atoms to study the environment in the other side of the moon

China's Chang'-4 mission was the first of any nation to land on the other side of the moon. It followed the success of Chang'e-3 and is laying the groundwork for future missions.

China's Chang'-4 mission was the first of any nation to land on the other side of the moon. It followed the success of Chang'e-3 and is laying the groundwork for future missions.

China’s Chang’-4 mission was the first of any nation to land on the other side of the moon. It followed the success of Chang’e-3 and is laying the groundwork for future missions.

Jade Rabbit 2, the direct translation for Yutu-2, weighs 308 lb (139 kg) and has six wheels with individual motor so it can continue to function even if one wheel fails. It rolled towards the lunar surface from the landing module through two ramps in January 2019

Jade Rabbit 2, the direct translation for Yutu-2, weighs 308 lb (139 kg) and has six wheels with individual motor so it can continue to function even if one wheel fails. It rolled towards the lunar surface from the landing module through two ramps in January 2019

Jade Rabbit 2, the direct translation for Yutu-2, weighs 308 lb (139 kg) and has six wheels with individual motor so it can continue to function even if one wheel fails. It rolled towards the lunar surface from the landing module through two ramps in January 2019

Yutu-2 has a large number of instruments and works with solar panels. This includes a spectrometer that analyzes the strange terrain on the other side of the moon.

Yutu-2 has a large number of instruments and works with solar panels. This includes a spectrometer that analyzes the strange terrain on the other side of the moon.

Yutu-2 has a large number of instruments and works with solar panels. This includes a spectrometer that analyzes the strange terrain on the other side of the moon.

The lunar explorer landed at 10.26 am local time (2.26 am GMT) on January 4, 2019. Chang'e-4 landed in the Aitken Basin, the largest impact crater in the entire solar system at eight miles (13 km) deep and 1,600 miles (2,500 km) in diameter

The lunar explorer landed at 10.26 am local time (2.26 am GMT) on January 4, 2019. Chang'e-4 landed in the Aitken Basin, the largest impact crater in the entire solar system at eight miles (13 km) deep and 1,600 miles (2,500 km) in diameter

The lunar explorer landed at 10.26 am local time (2.26 am GMT) on January 4, 2019. Chang’e-4 landed in the Aitken Basin, the largest impact crater in the entire solar system at eight miles (13 km) deep and 1,600 miles (2,500 km) in diameter

Recently, it was revealed how a biosphere was used on board to grow a plant on the moon.

Xie Gengxin, from Chongqing University, devised a cylindrical garden capsule to try to take gardening deeper into outer space.

The capsule was about 8 inches tall with a diameter of 6.5 inches and had a rectangular seed bed that was loaded with cotton, potato, rapeseed, a variety of grass called Arabidopsis and fruit fly eggs.

Arabidopsisis, a plant widely used by scientists in experiments and is used to model how many plants will respond to various stimuli.

WHAT DOES THE NAMES OF THE MISSION OF THE MOON OF CHINA MEAN?

Chang’e-4

Chang’e is the moon goddess and wife of the god Houyi in ancient Chinese mythology.

Houyi is one of the most powerful mythological figures in China.

It is said that he demolished nine suns to make the Earth a habitable habitat for human beings.

The number four in the name is a more modern nod to the space program.

This spaceship is the fourth of the Chang’e missions.

Yutu-2

Yutu (jade rabbit) is Chang’e’s companion in mythological stories.

This is also the name of the rover on board Chang’e-4.

Yutu-2 is so labeled because it is the successor of Yutu-1 that was deployed from the Chang’e-3 mission earlier this decade.

Queqiao

Queqiao is the relay satellite and translates into Magpie Bridge.

This name also comes from ancient Chinese mythology.

Queqiao, or the magpie bridge, is a legendary bridge that appears once a year to connect Niu Lang and Zhi Nv.

Niu Lang is a cattle herder on Earth, while Zhi Nv, or the maid who weaves, is a goddess in heaven.

The couple met and fell in love when Zhi Nv slipped away to the ‘human world’ in secret to play. Their union enraged the main goddess, the Queen Mother of the West.

The couple was banished to live on different sides of the Milky Way.

Each year, on the seventh day of the seventh month in the Lunar Calendar, thousands of magpies that move through the love story of couples will form the Magpie Bridge, or Queqiao, so that Niu Lang and Zhi Nv can meet.

This relay satellite will allow communication between the lunar probe and the Earth.

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