China has tested a hypersonic plane called Starry Sky-2

The Russian Ministry of Defense has been interested in promoting a range of new super weapons that are currently believed to be in development.

President Putin revealed a catalog of doomsday weapons as part of his annual "State of the Nation" speech in March 2018.

However, there remain questions about the true nature of their capabilities, how far they actually are in the development of weapons and when they will be ready for combat.

RS-28 Sarmat ICBM

The RS-28 Sarmat is intended to replace the Soviet-designed SS-18 Voyevoda, the heaviest ICBM in the world (intercontinental ballistic missile).

It is known as & # 39; Satan & # 39; in the West and carries 10 nuclear warheads.

Sarmat can unleash ten large thermonuclear warheads, 16 smaller warheads or a combination of both, according to the Russian Ministry of Defense.

Each warhead is supposed to be able to aim at a different target.

The hypersonic gliding vehicle, nicknamed Avangard, is launched on an intercontinental ballistic missile (IBM) before navigating in the upper part of the atmosphere towards its target. Russia tested its last IBM, the Sarmat missile, for the first time last year (pictured)

The hypersonic gliding vehicle, nicknamed Avangard, is launched on an intercontinental ballistic missile (IBM) before navigating in the upper part of the atmosphere towards its target. Russia tested its last IBM, the Sarmat missile, for the first time last year (pictured)

Weapons (ICBM) can attack targets through the North and South Poles.

The Zvezda television network, which is run by the Russian Ministry of Defense, has previously said that the missile will be capable of annihilating areas the size of Texas or France.

It is also capable of transporting up to 24 of the new Avangard Russian hypersonic sliding vehicles, designed to be placed on top of an ICBM.

Putin says both weapons will be ready for combat by 2020.

Avangard Hypersonic Glide Vehicle

It is also believed that Russia is developing a hypersonic weapon that can infringe even the most advanced anti-missile defense systems in the world.

The Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle supposedly travels at 20 times the speed of sound and can reach targets anywhere in the world in half an hour.

The vehicle is launched on top of an intercontinental ballistic missile, or ICBM, before sliding into the top of the atmosphere towards its target.

It is loaded with advanced countermeasure systems that allow it to surround the latest generation of missile defense systems, says Russia.

The vehicles are equipped with on-board countermeasure systems capable of dodging even the most advanced missile defense systems. This artist's impression shows how the glider could maneuver at high speed to bypass missile defenses en route to its objective

The vehicles are equipped with on-board countermeasure systems capable of dodging even the most advanced missile defense systems. This artist's impression shows how the glider could maneuver at high speed to bypass the missile defenses

Gliders are also highly unpredictable thanks to their maneuverability, making it almost impossible to track them with conventional systems.

Each weapon can be loaded with a nuclear warhead, however, military experts say that the high speed of the vehicles means that they could cause damage even without an explosive charge attached.

Putin described his hypersonic arsenal as "invincible" during a speech on the state of the nation in March 2018.

He claimed that Avangard attacks "like a meteorite, like a ball of fire". and that he was able to reach targets at 20 times the speed of sound.

At this speed, the weapon could circle the Earth in little more than half an hour.

Speaking to MailOnline, Neil Gibson, Jane's superior weapons analyst at IHS Markit, said: "I think the ability of hypersonic systems to defeat the air defense system is greatly exaggerated.

& # 39; They have advantages and disadvantages according to any other weapon system.

"The fact is that the vast majority of ballistic missiles are already hypersonic anyway, it is controlled flight when it is still hypersonic from what we are talking about here.

"If they are armed with nuclear weapons, they simply fall under the style of" mutually assured destruction. "Using them is always possible, of course.

It is more likely that conventional weapons versions will be used, although any confusion with what they carry – a warhead or a conventional warhead – could initiate a nuclear weapons exchange if confused with a nuclear attack.

Kinzhal Hypersonic Air Launched Missile

Another new missile, the hypersonic Kinzhal, travels at ten times the speed of sound, says Putin.

It is currently being tested in southern Russia.

The hypersonic Kinzhal missile is launched from a high-altitude MiG-31 fighter plane and can be equipped with nuclear or conventional weapons.

This still shows the hypersonic Kinzhal, which travels at ten times the speed of sound and is currently being tested in southern Russia.

This still shows the hypersonic Kinzhal, which travels at ten times the speed of sound and is currently being tested in southern Russia.

It has an effective range of 1,250 miles (2,000 km), although Putin says its full range is actually "unlimited".

Russia has already made some 350 training missions with the military unit tasked with testing the Kinzhal.

Putin says the new missile would be able to attack "anywhere in the world," and that its high speed and maneuverability allowed it to drill any missile defense.

However, despite Putin's big promises, the missile has not yet been able to stay in the air for more than a few minutes, according to US intelligence sources.

The new missile has allegedly been tested four times between November and February and It crashed all the time.

Nuclear Propulsion Cruise Missile Burevestnik

The burevestnik nuclear propulsion system, or thunderbird, for Russian cruise missiles aims to give them "unlimited range and unlimited capacity to maneuver", according to Sergey Pertsev, a developer.

Ministry of Defense officials said in July 2018 that work on the unlimited range missile is carried out in accordance with the plan.

The images were intended to show the missile in action, although it is not clear if it was being fueled with nuclear or conventional fuel.

It is said that the "Burevestnik" nuclear propulsion system for Russian cruise missiles has "unlimited range and unlimited capacity to maneuver"

It is said that the "Burevestnik" nuclear propulsion system for Russian cruise missiles has "unlimited range and unlimited capacity to maneuver"

"Launching systems are also being designed, while the technological processes to manufacture, assemble and test the missile are improving," said one official at the time.

However, experts have criticized the missile, including Jeffrey Lewis, a nuclear expert at the Middlebury Institute for International Studies in Monterey.

He told Vice's motherboard: "The nuclear-powered cruise missile is new, and the bats are crazy."

Poseidon Drone Submarine

The submarine Poseidon is a brother project of burevestnik.

It is essentially a giant torpedo capable of carrying a two-megaton warhead capable of destroying military ports.

The submarine Poseidon Kremlin torpedo is designed to destroy enemy naval bases & # 39; and can travel up to 70 knots (80 miles per hour), he says.

The Russian state news agency TASS says it has not been able to confirm the details of the weapon.

The Poseidon submarine, with a miniature nuclear propulsion system, undergoes a static test

The Poseidon submarine, with a miniature nuclear propulsion system, undergoes a static test

However, he quoted a military source who said: "It will be possible to mount several nuclear charges on the 'torpedo' of Poseidon's multipurpose system, with the thermonuclear nuclear warhead similar to the Avangard charge for maximum capacity. of up to two megatons in TNT equivalent.

With its nuclear weapon, the weapon is designed primarily to destroy the reinforced naval bases of a potential enemy, "the report added.

Peresvet Combat laser system

The name of a medieval warrior monk, very little is known about this system.

Many believe that Peresvet is an interference system carried on the back of military trucks, which can be used to "blind". Optical electronic equipment inside enemy vehicles using a laser beam.

According to the former Russian deputy defense minister, Yuri Borisov, the & # 39; combat laser systems & # 39; that Putin addressed in his speech on the State of the Nation in March had already been handed over to the country's armed forces last year.

Many believe that Peresvet is an interference system carried on the back of military trucks (in the picture), which can be used to "blind". optical electronic equipment inside enemy vehicles using a laser beam

Many believe that Peresvet is an interference system carried on the back of military trucks (in the picture), which can be used to "blind". optical electronic equipment inside enemy vehicles using a laser beam

Once found only in works of fiction, Borisov said that such devices were now a very real and necessary tool of modern warfare.

"We can talk a lot about laser weapons and movies were made about them a long time ago and fantastic books have been written, and everyone knows it," Borisov said in comments translated by the state news agency Tass Russian.

But the fact that these systems have begun to enter service is actually the reality of today. "

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