Children under the age of 10 are nearly 20 times more likely to die from accidental injury than Covid-19, a study finds.
The research adds to growing evidence that young people are not vulnerable to serious illness from the disease.
Scientists led by Newcastle University also found that children under the age of 10 are twice as likely to die from the flu than from the coronavirus.
If we look at the risk of death from Covid-19 between the ages of 10 and 19, it was three times the risk of dying from an injury.
However, Covid-19 deaths were estimated to be four times higher than flu in that group, the study found. This showed that people should not ignore the coronavirus completely and still be careful, the researchers said.
A small number of Covid-19 deaths occurred among children in the UK – 12 in the 10-19 age group and three in the under 10 age group.
Most of these children would have had underlying health problems, research shows, which makes them more vulnerable to serious illness.
Children under age 10 are nearly 20 times more likely to die from injury than Covid-19, study claims (stock image)
Dr. Sunil Bhopal, from Newcastle University’s Population Health Sciences Institute, led the study.
He and his colleagues compared Covid-19 deaths to other causes of death in children from seven countries: the UK, the US, Italy, Germany, Spain, France and South Korea.
They calculated how many deaths would normally occur from all causes, except Covid-19, from March 1 to July 31.
All-cause mortality data is from 2017, along with three years of flu data from each country’s official records.
CHILDREN ARE ‘SIX TIMES LESS LIKELY TO SPREAD THE VIRUS THAN ADULTS’
Children are six times less likely to spread coronavirus than adults, according to a study when children in England return to school today.
The study was carried out by Sant Joan de Déu Barcelona Children’s Hospital and lasted five weeks.
Researchers looked at 1,905 people who participated in activities in a school environment during 22 summer camps in Barcelona.
They mingled in similar situations to schools, but spent most of their time outside and not in classrooms, the researchers in Barcelona said.
There were basic containment measures that will be commonplace in schools worldwide – frequent hand washing, small bubble groups, and wearing a face mask.
Each week’s swab test found that 30 infected children passed the virus to just 12 others, despite having more than 250 close contacts in their ‘bubble’.
This gave the children an R rate of 0.3 – almost six times lower than that of the general population at the time of the study (1.7 to 2) in the areas where the camps were held.
That means that out of every 100 children who were infected, only 30 others would contract the disease from them. In comparison, in the general population, 100 people would be infected between 170 and 200 others.
Most of the pediatric index cases discovered (22) did not transmit any infection in the camps, the researchers said.
Five index cases have transmitted the infection to one contact each, two of them have infected two contacts and one has given the infection to three contacts, showing that individuals are not equally contagious.
The younger children under the age of 12 spread the coronavirus at a similar rate to the older children between 13 and 17 years old.
The findings give hope that schools will not be the source of Covid-19 outbreaks, as they are no more likely to spread.
The death data for Covid-19 comes from the National Institute of Demographic Studies, which uses data from each country’s statistical offices.
In an estimated total population of 137 million, there were 78 childhood deaths from Covid-19, compared with an estimated 21,966 all-cause deaths.
Covid-19 was responsible for 0.35 percent of deaths in children up to 19 years old.
On the other hand, there were 1,755 caused by accidental injury. Injuries were not described in the study, but may include car accidents or burns. And there were 178 deaths from the flu.
The researchers said in their pre-print paper, ‘Five months of data shows that in these countries children are at a much higher risk of dying from other elements of normal life than from Covid-19.
Our fears of increased virulence in children are so far unfounded. Nevertheless, vigilance is required, as the pandemic could unfold differently. ‘
Looking specifically at data for England and Wales, 15 people under the age of 20 died from Covid-19 during the entire outbreak up to July 10.
Covid-19 was responsible for 0.17 percent of all deaths in children under 10 years of age. There were three Covid-19 deaths in this age group, compared to 57 for an injury and seven for the flu.
For children between the ages of 10 and 19, there were 12 deaths from Covid-19 (2.38 percent of the total) – three times fewer than the 44 from injury.
But there were only three flu deaths in this group, four times lower than Covid-19.
Dr. Bhopal told MailOnline, ‘I can’t easily explain the flu deaths versus Covid deaths, other than to speculate. Definitely something to keep an eye on and be careful with.
“ We shouldn’t minimize the risks from this terrible virus, but our message is aligned with that of the Children’s Commissioner – that for children, the risks of staying home are now greater than the risks of getting them back to normal lives, which is important to their development and progression. ‘
Although there were unfortunately 15 Covid-19 deaths in children, scientists have previously said that there are no healthy children.
A large government-funded study published last week looked at six children under the age of 15 who died from Covid-19.
The researchers said they all had serious health problems, such as cancer or cerebral palsy, when they contracted the virus.
Scientists led by the University of Liverpool found that one percent of hospitalized children died, compared with a significantly more 27 percent of adults.
This means that while one in four adults who ended up in the hospital with Covid-19 died of it, only one in 100 children did.
Deaths (green) and their share caused by injury (blue), Covid-19 (red), influenza (yellow) and lower respiratory tract infections (orange) in seven countries surveyed
Parents need to be reassured that their children will not be endangered by returning to school, said the scientists who led the study, published in the US. British Medical Journal, said.
The current study found around the world, Covid-19 was never responsible for more than one percent of deaths among 10-year-olds in Italy (0.56 percent), Germany (0.079 percent), Spain (0.64 percent ), France (0.22 percent). ) and South Korea (0 percent).
For over-10s, the numbers were more varied, with the highest in the UK (2.38 percent), followed by Spain (two percent), France (0.8 percent) and Germany (0.35 percent).
Covid-19 was responsible for 0 percent of deaths among people between 10 and 19 years old in Italy and South Korea.
In the US, age groups were different because of the way data is collected. In children under the age of four, Covid-19 caused 23 deaths, accounting for 0.21 percent.
By the ages of 5 to 14, Covid-19 caused 19 deaths – 0.83 percent of the total.
Dr. Bhopal said children were at “minimal risk” of the coronavirus, but had suffered a lot as a result of lockdown and months without school.
He told The Telegraph: ‘We continue to meet and hear from parents, caregivers, teachers and others who are concerned about the safety of their children from the coronavirus. We want to continue to assure them that this remains a primarily adult-oriented disease. ‘
The study, which will be published in the journal Public Health, follows a series of studies reassuring that children should be safe from the coronavirus when they return to school this week.
Public Health England has assured that only 0.01 percent of schools have experienced a Covid-19 outbreak since they reopened in June for Year 1 and Year 6.
Only 70 of the 1.6 million children who returned to school in June tested positive for Covid-19. Another 128 employees tested positive.
According to the analysis, most of the cases related to outbreaks were among the staff and warned that school staff should be “more vigilant about exposure outside of the school environment to protect themselves, their families and the educational environment.”
Another study published last week found that children are six times less likely to spread the coronavirus than adults, after monitoring how the coronavirus spreads among a group of 1,900 people, mostly children, spent five weeks in summer camps. spent in Spain.