Children of the Bronze Age slaughtered in Turkey are unearthed in the ancient tomb

<pre><pre>Children of the Bronze Age slaughtered in Turkey are unearthed in the ancient tomb

Horrible evidence of ancient child sacrifices was discovered in Turkey.

Nearly a dozen children who were brutally killed in a ritual sacrifice have been discovered in an early Bronze Age cemetery adorned with valuable objects.

The children, ages 11 and younger, were buried in the stone tomb as a coffin between 3100 and 2800 BC.

Some of these skeletons reveal evidence of brutal stabbing, deep enough to score the skull.

Researchers say that the condition of the bones, the age of the deceased and the variety of wealth found next to the bodies, suggest that these were not natural deaths but sacrifices.

One theory is that the children were killed by the leaders of the Bronze Age & # 39; in a demonstration of power & # 39; as a way to keep society at bay and strengthen its social hierarchies.

The fear that sacrifices inspired at the time allowed the terror practice to act as a springboard to help build and maintain power in early societies, researchers say.

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A large cist grave discovered at the Başur Höyük site in southeastern Turkey, with the remains of eight skeletons in and around it

The recently found evidence of child sacrifice in Başur Höyük sheds new light on the people who gave rise to this civilization, and pushes back estimates of when slaughter deaths began in the region in half a century.

The recently found evidence of child sacrifice in Başur Höyük sheds new light on the people who gave rise to this civilization, and pushes back estimates of when slaughter deaths began in the region in half a century.

The recently found evidence of child sacrifice in Başur Höyük sheds new light on the people who gave rise to this civilization, and pushes back estimates of when slaughter deaths began in the region in half a century.

Dr. Brenna Hasset of the Natural History Museum in London led the team of physical anthropologists at the archaeological excavation site in Başur Höyük, in the Upper Tigris region of southeastern Turkey.

The site is located on the edge of the region that would later become Mesopotamia, considered by many to be the cradle of Western civilization and culture.

Mesopotamia was also known for human sacrifice, most famous in the Royal Cemetery of Ur.

Evidence of the sacrifice of children in Başur Höyük sheds new light on the people who gave rise to this civilization, and pushes back estimates of when slaughter deaths began in the region in half a century.

"The burials are remarkable because of the youth of the individuals, the number that were buried and the large number of objects that were buried with them," said the study's lead author, Dr. Hasset.

"There are several tests that suggest that these young people did not die accidentally or naturally, but were killed."

The investigators unearthed the bodies of two children, buried lying in the chamber similar to a grave.

At his feet, just outside the stone coffin, there were eight other young people.

According to Dr. Hasset, these bodies had been carefully and deliberately placed outside the tomb, with valuable assets extended around them to indicate the social value of the children inside the tomb.

The researchers could not find a cause of death for all the bodies.

However, two of the skeletons found at the Başur Höyük site showed evidence of acute force trauma, which included stab wounds and cuts deep enough to graze the bone.

This suggests an unnatural cause of death for children in the grave.

"It is unlikely that these children and young people died in a massacre or conflict," said Dr. Hasset.

"The careful placement of the bodies and the evidence of violent death suggest that these burials conform to the same pattern of human sacrifice seen elsewhere in the region."

Investigators believe that evidence of violent deaths, as well as the presence of valuable objects found next to bodies outside the grave, suggest that Başur Höyük is a retention sacrifice site, a practice observed in Mesopotamia.

Evidence of the acute force of the trauma, which included stab wounds and cuts cut deep enough to graze the bone, was observed in the head of one of the skeletons (photo above)

Evidence of the acute force of the trauma, which included stab wounds and cuts cut deep enough to graze the bone, was observed in the head of one of the skeletons (photo above)

Evidence of the acute force of the trauma, which included stab wounds and cuts cut deep enough to graze the bone, was observed in the head of one of the skeletons (photo above)

The retainer sacrifice was commonplace in the royal tombs of ancient Mesopotamia and saw courtiers, guards, musicians, maidens and boyfriends commit suicide during the funeral process of a king.

Although it was originally thought that this was done with poison, the evidence uncovered in Ur's graveyard suggests that the palace attendants were killed with a sharp instrument, like a pike, pierced in his skull.

Some believe that these sacrifices were made to demonstrate the dominance that a particular elite had over their flock at that time, while others believe that the sacrifices were a fertility ritual of the earth.

The researchers were able to date the bodies of children and young people unearthed in Başur Höyük, who are between 4818 and 5118 years old, by examining dental remains.

The excavation site in Turkey. The coffin-shaped tomb unearthed by researchers is at a crossroads between the ancient cultures of the Bronze Age and Mesopotamia, which encompassed a region inhabited by modern Iraq, as well as parts of Turkey, Iran, Syria and Kuwait.

The excavation site in Turkey. The coffin-shaped tomb unearthed by researchers is at a crossroads between the ancient cultures of the Bronze Age and Mesopotamia, which encompassed a region inhabited by modern Iraq, as well as parts of Turkey, Iran, Syria and Kuwait.

The excavation site in Turkey. The coffin-shaped tomb unearthed by researchers is at a crossroads between the ancient cultures of the Bronze Age and Mesopotamia, which encompassed a region inhabited by modern Iraq, as well as parts of Turkey, Iran, Syria and Kuwait.

The remains of at least 11 people, men and women, from 11 years old to young adults, were discovered in an excavation of three tomb sites in Başur Höyük.

The remains of at least 11 people, men and women, from 11 years old to young adults, were discovered in an excavation of three tomb sites in Başur Höyük.

The remains of at least 11 people, men and women, from 11 years old to young adults, were discovered in an excavation of three tomb sites in Başur Höyük.

Dr. Hasset said that the bodies were carefully and deliberately placed outside the tomb, with valuable assets (in the image) scattered around them to indicate the social value

Dr. Hasset said that the bodies were carefully and deliberately placed outside the tomb, with valuable assets (in the image) scattered around them to indicate the social value

Dr. Hasset said that the bodies were carefully and deliberately placed outside the tomb, with valuable assets (in the image) scattered around them to indicate the social value

More than 100 bronze spearheads were discovered that retain textile vestiges of the belt distributed throughout the inner chamber of the tomb similar to a coffin.

More than 100 bronze spearheads were discovered that retain textile vestiges of the belt distributed throughout the inner chamber of the tomb similar to a coffin.

More than 100 bronze spearheads were discovered that retain textile vestiges of the belt distributed throughout the inner chamber of the tomb similar to a coffin.

The team, funded by a grant from the British Institute of Ankara, believes that the evidence discovered inside the funeral tomb in Başur Höyük points to the emergence of a hierarchical society in the region.

"We see that human sacrifices occur in various societies, over time and throughout the world, as human societies form larger and more stratified societies," said Dr. Hassett.

"The findings in Başur Höyük, which is on the edge of the society that gave birth to the first states in Mesopotamia, give us a unique opportunity to understand the role that human sacrifice plays in the formation of the first states."

HOW WAS THE HUMAN SACRIFICE IN THE MESOPOTAMIA?

Human sacrifice was a commonplace in ancient Mesopotamia, which is often referred to as the birthplace of Western civilization.

The evidence of the practice was unearthed in the Royal Cemetery of Ur, a lavish series of tombs that formed the resting place of powerful rulers in Mesopotamia.

In addition to housing the royal statesman buried, the tombs also house the bodies of courtiers, guards, musicians, maidens and boyfriends.

These assistants to the palace committed suicide inside the cameras as part of the funeral practices.

Known as retainer sacrifice, it was originally thought that their deaths were caused by poison.

However, evidence of bones discovered in Ur's graveyard suggest that the palace attendants were killed with a sharp instrument, like a pike, pierced by the skull.

The remains of a female body found in Ur had been exposed to heat before burial and treated with mercury sulfide to delay decomposition, suggesting that the bodies of the palace attendants remained unburied for a long time, possibly due to long funeral ceremonies for royalty.

It is not clear whether human sacrifices were voluntary or involuntary.

Some believe that these sacrifices were made to demonstrate the dominance that a particular elite had over their flock at that time, while others believe that the sacrifices were a fertility ritual of the earth.

Başur Höyük is at a crossroads between the ancient cultures of the Bronze Age and Mesopotamia, which encompassed a region inhabited by modern Iraq, as well as parts of Turkey, Iran, Syria and Kuwait.

Mesopotamia, which saw the creation of the wheel, the first planted crops and the development of the cursive script, mathematics, astronomy and agriculture, is often considered the cradle of Western civilization.

Addressing the meaning of the tomb, Dr. Hasset said: "Previously, the best-known example of human sacrifice in this area is the monumental discovery of the Ur Royal Cemetery in Mesopotamia, where hundreds of burials were identified as sacrifices.

"This discovery moves the investigation of human sacrifice in the region 500 years ago and more than 500 miles north, and now we can begin to ask how it was introduced."

Several people had also been buried outside the tomb and were lying surrounded by elaborate ornaments and funerary objects, suggesting that it was a "retainer" burial: these were common places in early Mesopotamia.

Several people had also been buried outside the tomb and were lying surrounded by elaborate ornaments and funerary objects, suggesting that it was a "retainer" burial: these were common places in early Mesopotamia.

Several people had also been buried outside the tomb and were lying surrounded by elaborate ornaments and funerary objects, suggesting that it was a "retainer" burial: these were common places in early Mesopotamia.

Dr. Brenna Hasset of the Natural History Museum in London led the team of physical anthropologists at the archaeological excavation site in Başur Höyük, in the Upper Tigris region of southeastern Turkey.

Dr. Brenna Hasset of the Natural History Museum in London led the team of physical anthropologists at the archaeological excavation site in Başur Höyük, in the Upper Tigris region of southeastern Turkey.

Dr. Brenna Hasset of the Natural History Museum in London led the team of physical anthropologists at the archaeological excavation site in Başur Höyük, in the Upper Tigris region of southeastern Turkey.

Başur Höyük's burial site is 500 years older than the famous Royal Ur Cemetery, a series of luxurious tombs that formed the final resting place of the most powerful rulers of Mesopotamia.

Evidence of child sacrifice in Başur Höyük now pushes back estimates for when the practice began in the region in almost half a century.

In addition to the evidence of child sacrifice, the excavations of Dr. Hasset and the team revealed a new series of mysterious site burials, including a massive death trench containing at least fifty individuals buried simultaneously.

A new project of the Arts and Humanities Research Council led by Dr. Hassett will bring together an international team that includes DNA scientists from the Museum of Natural History, Professor Ian Barnes and Dr. Selina Brace, Dr. Suzanne Pilaar Birch from the University of Georgia in Athens and Dr. Haluk Sağlamtimur from Ege University.

The newly formed team will use modern molecular and bioarchaeological techniques to investigate this common grave and discover how they affected the beginnings of civilization in the west.

The latest findings were published by Antiquity magazine on June 28, 2018.

The actual cemetery of Ur, located in present-day Iraq, was one of the pre-eminent cities of Mesopotamia. Most of the tombs in the royal cemetery date from around 2600 BC and show evidence of human sacrifice, with palace attendants stabbed to death and buried alongside riches outside the royal tomb

The actual cemetery of Ur, located in present-day Iraq, was one of the pre-eminent cities of Mesopotamia. Most of the tombs in the royal cemetery date from around 2600 BC and show evidence of human sacrifice, with palace attendants stabbed to death and buried alongside riches outside the royal tomb

The actual cemetery of Ur, located in present-day Iraq, was one of the pre-eminent cities of Mesopotamia. Most of the tombs in the royal cemetery date from around 2600 BC and show evidence of human sacrifice, with palace attendants stabbed to death and buried alongside riches outside the royal tomb

A golden helmet dating from 2600 BC, unearthed in the royal cemetery of Ur. The tomb of Meskalamdug (& # 39; hero of the good land & # 39;) was discovered by the English archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley in the Royal Cemetery of Ur in 1924. It contained dozens of gold artifacts, including the helmet (pictured) with an inscription of the king's name

A golden helmet dating from 2600 BC, unearthed in the royal cemetery of Ur. The tomb of Meskalamdug (& # 39; hero of the good land & # 39;) was discovered by the English archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley in the Royal Cemetery of Ur in 1924. It contained dozens of gold artifacts, including the helmet (pictured) with an inscription of the king's name

A golden helmet dating from 2600 BC, unearthed in the royal cemetery of Ur. The tomb of Meskalamdug (& # 39; hero of the good land & # 39;) was discovered by the English archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley in the Royal Cemetery of Ur in 1924. It contained dozens of gold artifacts, including the helmet (pictured) with an inscription of the king's name

WHAT WAS THE EMPIRE ASIRÍO?

The Assyrian Empire was a complex Mesopotamian civilization dating from 2,500 BC until about 600 BC

Mesopotamia, an area of ​​ancient Asia, was where people met for the first time in large cities, created governments and learned to write.

Along with other Mesopotamian groups such as ancient Babylon and the Sumerian cities, the Assyrian Empire was one of the first civilizations in history.

Like its apogee, the empire extended from Egypt through what is now Syria, Iraq, Lebanon and even Turkey.

As its heyday, the Assyrian Empire (red) stretched from Egypt through what is now Syria, Iraq, Lebanon and into Turkey

As its heyday, the Assyrian Empire (red) stretched from Egypt through what is now Syria, Iraq, Lebanon and into Turkey

As its heyday, the Assyrian Empire (red) stretched from Egypt through what is now Syria, Iraq, Lebanon and into Turkey

The Turkish district of Kültepe was the home of a settlement of the ancient Assyrian empire between the 21st and 18th centuries BC.

In 1925, more than 1,000 cuneiform tablets were found in the area, revealing a rich and complex cultural heritage.

Much of our knowledge of early human societies comes from stone tablets like these, leading some scholars to label Mesopotamia the place where history began.

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