Chemicals in shampoos, toys and floorboards can & # 39; increase your risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes and be toxic to your liver & # 39;
- Higher levels of phthalates in the urine were linked to impaired liver function
- Chemically was also more common in obese or diabetic people
- Liver damage has been associated with obesity and the onset of type 2 diabetes
Exposure to chemicals in shampoo, toys, and floorboards can increase the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease, research suggests.
A study found that people with higher levels of gender-bending chemicals had more risk of obesity or diabetes in their urine.
They also had dangerous amounts of fat in their bloodstream and showed signs of liver damage, that can cause metabolic disorders.
However, experts have turned back to the research conducted by the University of Novi Sad in Serbia, and said that there is & # 39; insufficient evidence & # 39; to support the conclusions.
Exposure to chemicals in shampoo can increase our risk of obesity (stock)
Phthalates are additives used in the manufacture of plastic. They have been discovered in many everyday products, such as bottled water and perfume.
Concerns about their safety are already increasing, with three phthalates already banned in toys made in the EU.
The chemicals are linked to infertility, obesity and reduced development, but studies have largely been conducted on rodents.
To better understand how the chemicals affect human well-being, the researchers measured phthalates in the urine of 305 people.
Levels were compared with body weight, type 2 diabetes diagnoses and markers of impaired liver function or poor metabolism.
The results showed that 66 of the participants had the chemical monoethyl phthalate (MEP) in their urine, while 72 had mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP).
Obese participants had higher levels of MEP, as well as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT).
AST and ALT are enzymes that are released when the liver is damaged and are markers of liver disease.
WHAT ARE PHTALATES?
Phthalates are additives that are used in the manufacture of plastic or to extend the shelf life of a product.
The chemicals are found in many everyday products, such as bottled water, perfume, toys, vinyl floors and shampoo.
Phthalates are also added to scents to keep the scent on the skin longer.
The chemicals are thought to mimic estrogen and are linked to breast and ovarian cancer, as well as an early menopause.
They can also disrupt how we store fat, leading to obesity.
Some phthalates also appear to cause reproductive toxicity in animal studies.
One trial even found that women are more likely to give birth if they have high levels of phthalates in their blood before they become pregnant.
Obese participants with large amounts of MEP in their urine also had more triglycerides in their blood.
Triglyercides are the most common form of fat in the body and come from the extra calories in food. High levels are associated with heart disease.
MEP and gamma glutamyl transferase (GST) levels were also higher in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Like AST and ALT, GGT is an enzyme that arises when the liver is damaged.
Results also showed that participants who had a healthy weight had lower levels of MEP, MEHP and cholesterol.
Study author Professor Milica Medi Stojanoska admitted that the number of participants was small.
She said the results suggest that phthalates & # 39; toxic liver damage & # 39; as well as alter metabolism to increase the risk of obesity and diabetes.
Professor Stojanoska added: & We must inform people about the possible harmful effects of endocrine disruptors on their health.
And she called on scientists to look at ways to human contact with the & # 39; harmful chemicals & # 39; to minimize.
The study was presented at the annual meeting of the European Society of Endocrinology in Lyon.
But critics of the investigation have returned.
Professor Rob Chilcott, a toxicologist at the University of Hertfordshire, said: & # 39; The abstract simply does not provide sufficient information to support his conclusions. & # 39;
Professor Kevin McConway, emeritus professor of applied statistics at the Open University, added: & # 39; It's too early to worry about this research. & # 39;
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