Census data shows that 67.3 million people in the US speak a foreign language at home, including more than half of people in 90 cities
- New research shows the largest number of foreign speakers at home
- The number has almost tripled since 1980 and has more than doubled since 1990
- Now 21.9 percent of US residents speak a foreign language at home
- Since 1980, the number who speak a foreign language at home has grown almost seven times faster than the number who only speak English at home
A record 67.3 million people living in the US speak a language other than English at home, according to a new analysis of Census data.
The number of foreign-language speakers in foreign languages has almost tripled since 1980 and has more than doubled since 1990, according to an analysis of the data provided by the Center for Immigration Studies.
As a share of the population, 21.9% of US residents speak a foreign language at home – more than double the rate of 11% in 1980.
Since 1980, the number of people who speak a foreign language at home is almost seven times faster than the number who only speak English at home, according to the data.
An immigrant family in Alabama can be seen on a file photo. Census data shows that a record 67.3 million US residents speak a language other than English at home
In 2018, there were 90 US cities with a population of at least 63,000 in which the majority of residents spoke a foreign language at home, according to the analysis.
Cities where most residents do not speak English at home were Hialeah, Florida and Laredo, Texas with 89% each, East Los Angeles with 88% and Passaic, New Jersey with 78%.
The states with the majority of their population speaking a foreign language at home in 2018 were California with 45%, Texas with 36%, New Mexico with 34%, New Jersey with 32%, New York and Nevada, each with 31%.
States with the largest percentage increase in those who speak a foreign language at home from 1980 to 2018 are Nevada (+ 1,088%), Georgia (+ 952%), North Carolina (+ 802%), Virginia (+ 488%) and Tennessee (+ 459%).
This table shows the number of people in each state who speak a foreign language at home, ranked by the growth in the number of speakers in foreign languages since 1980
In the five largest cities of America, now less than half of the inhabitants speak a different language at home than English.
In New York City it is 49%; in Los Angeles this is 59%; in Chicago this is 36%; in Houston it is 50%; and in Phoenix this is 38%.
The data shows that more people now speak Spanish at home in the United States than in any other country in Latin America with the exception of Mexico, Colombia and Argentina.
Foreign languages with more than one million people they spoke at home in 2018 were Spanish (41.5 million), Chinese (3.5 million), Tagalog (1.8 million), Vietnamese (1.5 million), Arabic (1 (3 million), French (1.2 million)) and Korean (1.1 million).
All language figures in Census Bureau data are for people aged five and older.
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