11.4 C
Thursday, September 21, 2023
HomeWorldCautious calm in Sudan in the second day of the cease-fire

Cautious calm in Sudan in the second day of the cease-fire


The intensity of the fighting in Sudan subsided on Wednesday between the army and the Rapid Support Forces, on the second day of the truce signed between the two parties in Jeddah, which revives the hopes of the Sudanese to open humanitarian corridors and ways to flee the capital.

The American and Saudi mediators had announced that, after two weeks of negotiations, they had reached a truce that both sides pledged to respect. But since the beginning of the war, cease-fire agreements have been repeatedly announced, and each time they have been violated.

Since April 15, the conflict between the army led by Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and the Rapid Support Forces led by Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, known as Hemedti, has resulted in the deaths of a thousand people, more than a million displaced people, and more than 300,000 refugees to neighboring countries.

In the capital, the sound of explosions and the sound of bullets are still echoing in different parts of it, despite the confirmation of the two conflicting sides of their commitment to the truce, which extends for a week. Mediators said that “the fighting in Khartoum appeared to be less intense … but information indicates that they have violated” the truce since Monday night.

The armistice, which was signed by the two parties on the sidelines of the talks in the Saudi city of Jeddah, is supposed to allow the exit of civilians and the entry of humanitarian aid into Sudan.

Chaos has forced millions of residents of the capital, in particular, to stay in their homes to take refuge from stray bullets, theft and looting, but they suffer from scarcity of water, food and power outages.

In this regard, the United Nations expert on human rights in Sudan, Radwan Nouisir, said, “People feel lonely and abandoned amid chronic shortages of food and drinking water…the whole country has become a hostage.”

“The Path of State Collapse”

After the armistice was agreed upon, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken sent a message to the Sudanese, saying, “If the ceasefire is violated, we will know… We will hold the violators accountable through sanctions and other means available to us.”

Simultaneously, the migration of Sudanese to neighboring countries continues, led by Egypt, Chad and South Sudan. The International Organization for Migration reported that the number of people fleeing abroad reached 319,000.

Sudan expert Alex de Waal warned that the “path of state collapse” now threatens to “turn the whole of Sudan, including Khartoum, into something resembling Darfur 10 or 15 years ago.”

“This is the environment in which Hemedti thrived, where money and bullets determine everything… This is the future of Sudan if the war continues,” de Waal added, referring to the Janjaweed militia from which the RSF emerged.

The pace of the fighting in the western Darfur region was very intense, as the United Nations reported that the recent violence that broke out in El Geneina, the capital of West Darfur state, prompted 85,000 people to flee and led to “all 86 reception centers for the displaced being completely burned.”

Somali scenario

For their part, medical relief workers expressed concern about the severe shortage of resources, as the fighting caused the destruction and looting of most hospitals, especially in Khartoum and Darfur.

“After one of our medical warehouses in Khartoum was looted, the electricity to the refrigerators was cut off and the medicines were taken,” Jean-Nicolas Armstrong of the NGO Doctors Without Borders said in a statement on Wednesday.

He continued, “The entire cold chain has been destroyed, so the medicines have spoiled and are no longer suitable for treating any patient.” “We are witnessing a breach of humanitarian principles, and the available humanitarian space is shrinking in a way that I have rarely witnessed,” Armstrong added.

Like many Sudanese citizens, Yasser Abdel Aziz, a civil servant in the northern city of Shendi, fears “a war worse than the conflicts in the Middle East and the turmoil in other parts of the Horn of Africa.”

“I am afraid that the next scenario will not stop at countries like Syria, Libya or Yemen, but rather we will reach the Somali scenario, where people fuel racism and tribalism,” he told AFP.

Merry C. Vega is a highly respected and accomplished news author. She began her career as a journalist, covering local news for a small-town newspaper. She quickly gained a reputation for her thorough reporting and ability to uncover the truth.

Latest stories