A procedure whereby the inside of your body is examined using an instrument called endoscope.
An endoscope is a long, thin, flexible tube with a light source and a camera at one end.
Images of the inside of your body are forwarded to a television screen.
Endoscopes can be introduced into the body through a natural opening, such as the mouth and throat, or through the anus.
An endoscope can also be introduced through a small incision (incision) into the skin when a viewing operation is performed.
An endoscopy is used to:
– investigate unusual symptoms
– assistance with performing certain types of surgery
– to remove a small piece of tissue for further analysis (known as a biopsy)
An endoscopy can be recommended to examine the following symptoms:
– difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
– persistent abdominal pain
– chest pain that is not caused by heart disease
– persistent nausea and vomiting
– unexplained weight loss
– vomiting blood
– persistent diarrhea
Blood in your stool
An endoscopy is often uncomfortable and has been compared to poor digestion or a sore throat.
The procedure is usually performed while you are conscious.
You can get a local anesthetic to numb a specific part of your body. This can be, for example, in the form of a spray or lozenge to numb your throat.
You can also get a tranquilizer to help you relax and make you less aware of what is happening around you.
The endoscope is carefully inserted into your body. Where exactly it is placed depends on the part of your body that is being examined.
For example, it can be inserted in your:
– anus – the stool is released from the body
– urethra – the urine stream passes through the body
If you have a viewing operation (laparoscopy), the endoscope will be inserted in a small incision that your surgeon makes to your skin.
An endoscopy usually lasts between 15 and 60 minutes, depending on what it is used for.
It is usually done on an outpatient basis, which means that you do not have to stay in the hospital for one night.
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