According to scientists, children who are teased because they are fat are likely to get fatter.
Overweight children being bullied over their weight put on more than seven grams (200 g) more body weight each year than children who are not bullied, a study found.
This may be because they are eating more to cope with emotional pain, to prevent excitement from embarrassment or to arrive due to a hormonal imbalance.
Almost one in three children in the UK is overweight to some extent and many are facing a future characterized by diabetes and heart disease.
Researchers said that the public should be made more aware of the fact that fat burning does not work and can even make the health of young people worse.
Children who are being bullied about their weight are likely to gain more weight than people of the same age who are not affected by pests (stock image)
Scientists from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences of Maryland, USA, questioned 110 children and trained their weight for up to 15 years.
They were on average 11 years old at the start of the study and were already overweight or had two overweight parents.
Almost half (43 percent) said they were teased about their weight at least once, even if they were not already fat.
This may have come in the form of cyberbullying on social media, being excluded from social groups in real life, or spreading rumors about them – children even report being teased by their own parents.
Scientists have measured how much the Body Mass Index (BMI) of people – a measure of the height / weight ratio – has changed over time. A healthy range is between 18 and 24.
People with the worst teasing saw their BMI increase by 0.76 points per year, while this was only 0.57 points for those who were not bullied.
This showed that young people who were bullied for their weight had about a third more weight (33 percent) than those who were not bullied.
DOCTORS SHOULD USE NEUTRAL WORDS TO AVOID STIGMA & # 39;
The American Academy of Pediatrics issued new guidelines in 2017 suggesting that doctors and health experts use fewer stigmatizing words to prevent overweight people from getting upset.
It was said that discussing weight in a way that makes the sound sound bad can cause people to binge, feel feelings of isolation, and even turn off parents for help.
Words such as & # 39; thick & # 39 ;, & # 39; obese & # 39; and & # 39; extremely obese & # 39; were seen as the most unwanted, blaming, stigmatizing, and least motivating, the AAP said.
While more neutral terms, such as & # 39; weight & # 39; or & # 39; unhealthy weight & # 39 ;, were considered the most motivating for weight loss and the most desirable.
The fault of medical professionals can immediately discourage some parents from seeking medical help.
Thirty-four percent of parents said they would change doctors if one of them would refer to their children's weight in a negative way and 24 percent said they would avoid future medical appointments for their children.
& # 39; Weight stigma is often promoted and tolerated in society because of beliefs that stigma and shame will motivate people to lose weight & # 39 ;, wrote policy authors Stephen Pont and Rebecca Puhl at the time.
& # 39; However, instead of motivating positive change, this stigma contributes to behaviors such as binge eating, social isolation, avoidance of health services, decreased physical activity and increased weight gain, which aggravate obesity and create additional barriers to healthy behavioral change. & # 39;
In the course of the 15-year study, the extra researchers from seven ounces per year could notice that they could add an extra weight of 6 kilos.
& # 39; There are several possible mechanisms, both psychological and physiological, that could explain the findings & # 39 ;, wrote the researchers under the leadership of Dr. Jack Yanovski.
& # 39; The associations of weight stigma with unhealthy weight management behavior, eating attacks, dissatisfaction with the body and avoiding physical activity are well documented, all of which can put an individual together with an increased risk of being overweight and (obesity) gain. & # 39 ;
A spokesman for the National Obesity Forum in the UK, Tam Fry, said more needs to be done to protect children from bullying.
& # 39; Children who are being bullied or teased about their weight are the same all over the world & # 39 ;, he told MailOnline.
& # 39; Classmates can become the cruel victim of anyone who & # 39; otherwise & # 39; and the fat still stands out in the playground. I'm afraid it will someday be that way.
& # 39; A logical consequence is that the bullied comfort eats and therefore becomes thicker. With time, because so many children get fatter, this type of bullying can disappear.
& # 39; But even now, schools should teach their students not to bully and stomp when they see it. & # 39;
The scientists added that the stress of being bullied can cause the levels of the stress hormone cortisol to rise.
Previous research in adults has linked a high level of cortisol to weight gain because it can stimulate appetite, stop people and lead to less self-control and cravings for fatty foods.
It was not clear whether teasing children of children or their parents had a worse effect.
& # 39; Further efforts must be made to inform the public about the potentially harmful effects of weight-based teasing & # 39 ;, the researchers said.
& # 39; This may be particularly important within families and schools, as many overweight children report WBT from parents, siblings, and classmates, and social exclusion is common among high-weight youngsters. & # 39;
They added that childhood had a time of & # 39; increased vulnerability & # 39; and that more needs to be done to be bullied for their weight.
The research was published in the journal Pediatric Obesity.
WHAT IS OBESITY? AND WHAT ARE HEALTH RISKS?
Obesity is defined as an adult with a BMI of 30 or older.
The BMI of a healthy person – calculated by dividing the weight in kg by the height in meters and the answer again by the height – is between 18.5 and 24.9.
Among children, obesity is defined as being in the 95th percentile.
Percentiles compare young people with others of the same age.
For example, if a three-month-old is in the 40th percentile for weight, it means that 40 percent of three-month-olds weigh the same or less than that baby.
About 58 percent of women and 68 percent of men in the UK are overweight or obese.
The condition costs the NHS around £ 6.1 billion, from its estimated £ 124.7 billion budget, each year.
This is due to obesity, which increases the risk of a number of life-threatening conditions.
Such conditions include type 2 diabetes, which can cause kidney disease, blindness and even limb amputations.
Research suggests that at least one in six hospital beds in the UK is taken by a diabetes patient.
Obesity also increases the risk of heart disease, killing 315,000 people every year in Britain – making it the number one cause of death.
Carrying dangerous amounts of weight is also linked to 12 different cancers.
This includes the breast, which affects one in eight women at some point in their lives.
Among children, research suggests that 70 percent of obese young people have high blood pressure or increased cholesterol, putting them at risk for heart disease.
Obese children are also considerably more likely to be obese adults.
And if children are overweight, their obesity in adults is often more severe.
No fewer than one in five children who go to school in the UK is overweight or obese and rises to one in three by the time they turn 10.
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