Britain conducts the majority of animal experiments in Europe with 1.8MILLION tests every year.
The United Kingdom conducted more animal experiments than any other country in Europe in 2017, a condemnatory report revealed.
A comprehensive historical review of the European Commission provided for the first time detailed statistics on animal experiments for each member state under the new legislation.
Animal rights groups are asking the UK government to reduce this number now that Britain has left the EU and stops most animal testing.
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Almost ten million experiments are carried out in the EU every year.
In the EU, there are strict regulations on how many times an animal can be used in animal testing. For example, the report reveals that 71 percent of sheep are reused, as well as 44 percent of cats and 36 percent of dogs.
In the image, the breakdown of animal experiments by percentage carried out in the EU. The total number is 9.39 million excluding genetic modification experiments and most are performed in mice.
The report disaggregated animal testing for the 28 members between 2015 and 2017.
He revealed that 1,885,933 procedures were performed on animals in the United Kingdom in 2017.
This figure represents 19% of the entire EU, which underwent a total of 9,581,741 experiments in 2017.
The total number was 9,782,570 in 2015 and 10,028,498 in 2016.
The most commonly used animals were mice and rats and, on average, two percent of all animals used have been reused, but this increases in large mammals.
In the EU, there are strict regulations on how many times an animal can be used in animal testing.
For example, the report reveals that 71 percent of sheep are reused, as well as 44 percent of cats and 36 percent of dogs.
It is not clear for how long, or how many times, these animals are tested.
MailOnline understands that if an animal is not killed as a direct result of its experiment, it can be reused, but as is often the case, these animals that are raised for research purposes are slaughtered.
Kerry Postlewhite, Director of Public Affairs for Cruelty Free International, says: & # 39; This is a leaderboard that the United Kingdom should not be proud to overcome.
"Now that the United Kingdom has left the EU, the government needs to put its money where its mouth is in terms of improving animal protection standards."
"We want to see plans to carry out this horrible number of animal experiments quickly."
MailOnline understands that if an animal is not killed as a direct result of its experiment, it can be reused, but as is often the case, these animals that are raised for research purposes are slaughtered
The most used animals were mice and rats and, on average, two percent of all animals used have been reused, but this increases in large mammals.
Jan Creamer, president of Animal Defenders International, adds: “ As the largest user of research animals in Europe, the United Kingdom needs to walk the talk and establish a plan to review and replace animal testing with advanced research methods as soon as possible. possible.
"Not acting could delay scientific progress, risk damaging animals and people and leave the United Kingdom behind."
Germany is the second highest user, while France is the third user.
"The law prohibits few animal experiments, no matter how painful or irrelevant," says PETA's scientific policy advisor, Dr. Julia Baines.
& # 39; However, its systemic failure to benefit humans in the areas of neurodegenerative diseases, mental health disorders, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, obesity and more is well documented.
Most research animals are raised specifically for research. If they are not killed as a direct result of the experiments in which they are used, the vast majority are still sacrificed
Kirk Leech, executive director of the European Animal Research Association (EARA) said in a statement: "Using animals as a research model is often the only way to develop new treatments and an understanding of the human body." many charities disagree
& # 39; PETA is asking the EU to reconsider our dependence on these archaic procedures and defend the financing and development of human technology that is relevant to human beings.
"This is where the future of science and human health clearly lies."
Animal Defenders International agrees and believes that the UK government and regulators should lead the investigation into modern methods.
For example, they say that most animal tests can be replaced with the use of databases, sophisticated analytical techniques, organ models on a chip, microdosing, computer simulation and modeling, and cultures of human tissues and 3D cells .
But Kirk Leech, executive director of the European Animal Research Association (EARA) said in a statement: & # 39; Using animals as a research model is often the only way to develop new treatments and an understanding of the human body, and we congratulate the European Commission for making these numbers public.
But the Cruelty Free International animal defense and defense group says that of all the experiments performed, more than two thirds (68 percent) are not required by law and could be avoided.
The total number of experiments on animals & # 39; naive & # 39 ;, defined as animals used for the first time for research and testing, has fluctuated slightly since 2015.
The report also reveals how severe the animal's reaction to the experiments they were subjected to was.
Six percent (621,054) of all experiments in the EU in 2017 resulted in the non-recovery of the animal. In three years, this total reaches almost 1.85 million animals.
This is defined as when an experiment occurs under general anesthesia and the information is collected before increasing anesthesia and the animal dies later.
Eleven percent of the 2017 experiments, more than one million (1,023,138), resulted in a severe & # 39; reaction.
These may be similar to the forced swimming test in which a mouse is placed in a glass of water for up to six minutes. It is removed if it begins to sink.
Mild suffering could be a blood sample and moderate suffering could be similar to surgery with general anesthesia.
The report states: "In general, however, more than 50 percent of all uses in research and testing are of mild severity."
However, MailOnline understands that even if the animal does not die as a direct response to the experiment, the animal will continue to be killed in most cases.
This is because the internal organs must be studied to determine the effect of the experiment that is needed.
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