A new Brexit report from the House of Lords has highlighted the potential risks to the country as a result of leaving behind the stringent EU regulations on diseases.
The invasive diseases that make their way in the United Kingdom are a serious problem, since the country will leave behind certain controls established by the European Union to prevent the spread of diseases.
In particular, leaving the EU could compromise the country's ability to cope with plant and animal diseases.
Ultimately, this puts livestock and crops at an extended risk of infection.
The House of Lords has said that the UK could lose valuable warnings of animal pests and disease threats after leaving the EU.
In the report, the Lord's committee chaired by Lord Teverson, declared that the UK economy was under the "constant threat" of invasive species and diseases.
Part of the report says: "Diseases of plants and animals, and non-native invasive species, are a constant threat to the ecology and economy of the United Kingdom.
"Ensuring that effective biosecurity measures are applied is, therefore, of great importance and lasting"
These diseases and pests are known as "biosecurity threats" and are generally decided at the EU level due to their ability to quickly break borders and travel between countries.
Decisions come with a broad collection of intelligence within the EU itself, which provides a valuable picture of the composition and spread of a particular pathogen or pest.
When leaving the European Union, valuable intelligence and alerts will no longer be available.
As a result, the House of Lords has suggested continued cooperation with the EU in this area.
Focusing primarily on the geographical proximity of the EU to the United Kingdom, the Lords have identified seven key areas in which cooperation is vital.
– The exchange of information;
– Capacity in the veterinary sector.
– Inspections and audits;
– Access to research funding;
– Compliance with biosecurity legislation;
– Capacity within the departments and government agencies; Y
– The legislative framework.
Lord Teverson, executive chairman of the committee, spoke of the dangerous diseases for UK livestock that lie ahead in Brexit and the vital nature of continued cooperation with Europe.
He said: "The outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in 2001 in the United Kingdom caused the slaughter of more than six million animals and is estimated to have cost more than £ 8 billion.
"The outbreak of Dutch elm disease that began in the 1960s destroyed millions of elms in the United Kingdom, and now there are fears over the death of the ashes and African swine fever.
"These examples highlight the importance of biosecurity and the devastating impact that diseases of animals and plants can have."
While Lord Teverson is urging continued cooperation, he admits that the arrangements need work.
"Existing agreements are far from perfect, but significant gaps will be created when the United Kingdom abandons them.
"We rely on the EU for everything from the audit of plant and farm nurseries to the financing of our research laboratories.
"The UK Government has a lot of work to do to replace this system in time for Brexit, and failure to do so could have an economic and environmental impact that would be felt in the coming decades."