Boris Johnson paved the way for a new bid to force a pre-Christmas election tomorrow – despite seeing his last bid blocked by Jeremy Corbyn.
The Prime Minister failed to secure the two-thirds majority in the Commons needed to provoke an early vote under the Fixed Term Parliaments Act. Only 299 MPs voted in favor of the motion, well below the 434 threshold.
Despite the blow, Mr Corbyn now faces the embarrassing danger of walking around the corner, as SNP and Lib Dems are considering finding a new piece of legislation that will trigger a pre-Christmas election.
What happened in Parliament today?
Boris Johnson, the SNP and the Lib Dems have tried to put together an unlikely alliance to render Jeremy Corbyn powerless.
In the light of a massive uprising in the back seat, Mr. Corbyn blocked the prime minister's last bid to force a quick poll tonight.
That motion was submitted under the Fixed Term Parliaments Act, which means that two-thirds of the Commons must vote in favor.
But the experienced left winger runs the risk of being flanked after the SNP and Lib Dems have broken the ranks.
They offered to support a one-line invoice that the FTPA would bypass. In exchange, the prime minister would give up the hope that he would pass the Brexit law before an election.
However, the date can be a major bottleneck, as Mr. Johnson wants December 12 and the other parties demand December 9.
In the aftermath of the defeat, Mr. Johnson confirms that he will implement the legislation – which requires only a simple majority – in the morning.
He said the bill would pave the way for an December 12 election, and said it's time to open the & # 39; dysfunctional parliament & # 39; to replace it with one that & # 39; Brexit can get done & # 39 ;.
However, it is unclear whether the bill will pass because the date could be a major bottleneck, as the other parties had proposed on 9 December.
The stage is now ready to swap all night to find a compromise.
Lib Dem leader Jo Swinson said: & Boris Johnson claims that he wants general elections, but he also claimed that he would not prorogenize parliament or make a border along the Irish Sea.
& # 39; If Boris Johnson wants a general election, he could have supported our bill for a general election on December 9. Instead, he has chosen to stick to his original plan for December 12, which we have already rejected. & # 39;
SNP Westminster leader Ian Blackford also suggested that his MPs insist on the December 12 date.
And he suggested that he would need an iron guarantee that the prime minister would not try to bring his Brexit deal back to parliament.
But it is understood that No10 is determined to resist the earlier date, because this would mean that the bill must be passed and be Royal Assent by the end of Thursday.
That becomes very difficult & # 39; while there is also concern that the budget law of Northern Ireland must be adopted before the dissolution.
After tonight's vote, Mr. Johnson mocked Mr. Corbyn for not staying in the room to hear the results.
& # 39; The leader of the opposition has literally and figuratively run away from the people's judgment & # 39 ;, he said.
Johnson continued: & # 39; But as I said when moving the motion, we will not allow this paralysis to continue and somehow we must proceed to an election immediately.
& # 39; So later in the evening the government will give a presentation for a short bill for an election on December 12, so that we can finally finish Brexit. & # 39;
He added: & # 39; This House can no longer hold this country hostage. & # 39;
Corbyn appeared later and said: “I apologize to you and to the Prime Minister for not being here when he raised his order, I was detained outside the room, I am now back here & # 39;
In cruel clashes in the room before the vote, Mr. Johnson insisted that he no longer believed that Parliament could deliver & # 39; Brexit & # 39; and must go to the country to break the deadlock.
& # 39; I think the opposition leader now has no more excuses, & # 39; said Johnson.
Boris Johnson opened the fast-paced election debate tonight and said he would not give the public the & # 39; inconvenience & # 39; of a pre-Christmas election, but Parliament could not deliver & # 39;
Mr. Corbyn was unmoved while the Prime Minister embarrassed him during the discussion for cowardice
An overview of how parliamentarians voted today. It shows that the Lib Dems were against the vote, while the SNP and Labor abstained
Johnson said the current Parliament was & # 39; on its course & # 39 ;.
& # 39; There is a widespread opinion throughout the country that this Parliament has taken its course & # 39 ;, he said.
Why is there a dispute about whether the elections should take place on 9 or 12 December?
The fate of Boris Johnson & # 39; s second general election vote on Tuesday largely depends on whether he can reach a compromise with the SNP and Lib Dems when the poll would be held.
A full 25 working days is needed between the dissolution of the Parliament and an election, so number 10 insists that a date on 9 December is not possible.
However, Lib Dem leader Jo Swinson is afraid that Johnson could use the later date to try and bring his Brexit bill back and cancel it before election day. The prime minister has rejected these concerns and says the bill is dead until after an election.
There is also a suggestion that the Lib Dems and Labor prefer an earlier poll because more students would be at the university, which might give them an advantage. The fact is, however, that many major universities end on Christmas December 13 before Christmas.
Cabinet Secretary Mark Sedwill has warned that December 12 is the last possible date for an election or that it would mean canceling Christmas events in village halls and schools to make way for polling stations.
& # 39; I simply do not believe that this Parliament is capable of delivering on people's priorities, whether that is Brexit or something else. & # 39;
Conservative former minister Robert Halfon intervened to ask the prime minister: & In his preparations for a no-deal Brexit, can he ensure that there is enough corn feed for the election chickens on the opposite banks? & # 39;
Johnson said the point & # 39; elegantly formulated & # 39; used to be.
The maneuvering came after Donald Tusk, the President of the European Council, announced that Brussels Great Britain had until January 31 a so-called & # 39; flex tension & # 39; had granted.
As a result, Mr. Johnson finally admitted that his & # 39; do or die & # 39; date of October 31 will be missed.
Furious Labor Remainers accused the Lib Dems of & # 39; playing for naked political advantage & # 39; and hand over more benefits to Johnson by blowing up the so-called Remainer Alliance & # 39 ;.
A Tory MP told MailOnline that the smaller parties that approve an unexpected election would hold Labor & # 39; well and truly & # 39 ;.
According to the extension granted by the EU, if the MPs support the Johnson Brexit deal in the coming weeks, the extension may end the extension early and the UK will leave Brussels.
Mr. Johnson's Plan A was intended for MPs to hold an election on December 12.
If MEPs support the unexpected poll, Parliament will have until 6 November to agree to the Prime Minister's deal – but the elections will still go ahead.
What are the conditions for the Brexit delay that the EU offers the UK?
Donald Tusk announced this morning that the EU had agreed to postpone the Brexit by a maximum of three months until January 31, 2020.
However, flexibility is built into the extension.
This means that if Boris Johnson is able to get his Brexit deal approved by the parliament and subsequently ratified by the European Parliament, the extension will end prematurely.
If he is able to complete his withdrawal agreement in November, the UK is likely to leave the EU on 1 December.
If the Brexit deal is completed in December, the UK is likely to leave on January 1 and if it is only sorted in January, the UK will depart on the day following the current extension on February 1.
If Johnson fails to get through his deal, the extension offers sufficient time for a general election.
The EU is also expected, as part of the enlargement package, to insist that the UK appoint a new European Commissioner for the duration of the extension.
The chances of the prime minister getting an election on his desired date will depend on whether Jeremy Corbyn and the Labor party support this.
Johnson needs the support of two-thirds of the Commons' 434 MP & # 39; s to activate the election, but Mr. Corbyn will abstain.
Mr Corbyn said earlier that he would vote for an election as soon as a No Deal Brexit had been ruled in the coming months, but the party has recently proposed that the government should rule out a disorderly departure at any time.
The Liberal Democrats and the SNP proposed their own plan for an election on December 9.
It is assumed that the government is negotiating with the Lib Dems and SNP to extend the date to December 10 or 11.
But crucial for the Lib Dems, the Brexit law is suspended until after the national vote. The legislation to implement Mr Johnson's deal was given his second reading by MEPs, but then & # 39; paused & # 39; after the House refused to sign a groundbreaking timetable of 72 hours to get it in the statute book.
A high-ranking government source was cheering about the shift and said it & # 39; feels like we're getting there somehow & # 39 ;.
Independent group leader Anna Soubry was angry that the Lib Dems had turned their back & # 39; during a second referendum.
& # 39; In my opinion, they have turned their back on the popular vote and have wrongly claimed that there is no majority in Parliament. "I am sorry to say that old, selfish, tribal party politics are playing," she said.
One of the remaining Labor MPs told MailOnline: & # 39; This is about a naked political advantage … they just blow things up. & # 39;
The MP said they and anti-Brexit colleagues would still vote against the FTPA motion, but added gloomily: & I have to go – I have a small majority and an election to vote for to prepare. & # 39;
The EU's decision to grant the UK a three-month delay is a humiliating moment for Mr. Johnson, who said he would rather & # 39; die in a ditch & # 39; would then be to postpone the Brexit again.
Lib Dem leader Jo Swinson, pictured tonight in the Commons, has devised a plan with the SNP to bypass Mr. Corbyn if he blocks an election
Commons speaker John Bercow addresses MPs during the debate about whether or not to call a general election
European Council President Donald Tusk confirmed that the UK will have three months to break through its Brexit deadlock by either accepting a deal or holding a general election
Johnson's Brexit mastermind Dominic Cummings (right) arrives in Downing Street this morning before the EU granted the Brexit extension
Senior ministers including Sajid Javid and leading Brexiteers such as Steve Baker (right) were in Downing Street this morning
Former ministers Michael Fallon and James Brokenshire were also members of parliament called to Downing Street
When announcing the extension, Mr. Tusk said in a tweet: & # 39; The EU27 has agreed that it will accept the UK request for a # Brexit extension until January 31, 2020.
& # 39; The decision is expected to be formalized through a written procedure. & # 39;
According to the extension offered by the EU, the UK will be able to leave the block before January 31 if Parliament is able to agree to the Prime Minister's deal.
The extension is expected to include a termination clause so that if Parliament withdraws the deal in November, the UK leaves the EU on December 1 and if they support the deal in December, the UK leaves the EU on January 1.
Michel Barnier, the EU's most important Brexit negotiator, said today: & # 39; I am very happy that a decision has been made. & # 39;
The EU was divided over how long the Brexit delay should last, with French President Emmanuel Macron initially in favor of a short extension.
However, it is thought that Mr. Macron changed his mind after a phone call yesterday with Mr. Johnson.
The EU has long insisted that it would give a longer delay if it were time for the UK to hold an election or a second referendum.
Johnson seems to have convinced Macron that a general election will radically change Brexit's arithmetic in the lower house and eventually pave the way through the current impasse.
According to an EU source, the extension & # 39; would only last as long as needed for the ratification of the withdrawal agreement and in any case no longer than 31 January 2020 & # 39 ;.
Britain could leave the EU on the first day of the month after the ratification of the WAB by both the European and the British parliament.
But the source added: & # 39; The United Kingdom remains a Member State until the new date of withdrawal, with full rights and obligations, including the obligation to propose a candidate for appointment to the Commission.
& # 39; This extension excludes any reopening of the withdrawal agreement. & # 39;
The text will be submitted to the UK for approval before a written procedure is initiated to make the decision – the process is likely to be completed tomorrow or Wednesday.
A potential bottleneck in the EU's expansion offer is that the UK is likely to nominate and direct a British Commissioner after October 31.
Johnson said earlier that Great Britain would stop shipping after October 31 – the day he said Brexit would happen.
The EU is also convinced that the Prime Minister's deal cannot be radically changed.
It says: & # 39; The European Council firmly states that it excludes any reopening of the withdrawal agreement in the future and recalls that any unilateral commitment, declaration or other act of the United Kingdom must be compatible with the letter and spirit of the withdrawal agreement. & # 39;
Mr Tusk held intensive talks with EU leaders this weekend.
Jeremy Corbyn, pictured today as he leaves his home in London, is under increasing pressure to support a pre-Christmas election
It is thought that a majority of Labor MPs are against a pre-Brexit election.
One of them set out his opposition in colorful terms on the Politics Home website, as they said: & I will not vote for a general election in hell or high tide. They can die themselves. Brexit must be sorted.
& # 39; When it comes to winning, you need to be pretty weak to ask for the checkered flag if you're stuck at the back of the grid. & # 39;
In many recent opinion polls, Labor stands behind the Tories with double figures with figures from higher parties who fear the worst if there are elections in the near future.
But while many in Labor lower their chances of an election, the pro-Remain Lib Dems and SNP are about to go to the country early.
Both believe that a pre-Brexit election is to their advantage, which is why they have joined forces in the plan to force a poll on December 9.
That is definitely the earliest that an election could be held because of rules that stipulate that there must be 25 working days before election day.
The date of December 9 would be three days before the proposed date of the prime minister and, crucially, when there are more students at the university to cast their vote in remaining supportive rocking seats.
The bill, which is currently scheduled to be submitted tomorrow, would require a simple majority of 320 Members to dissolve Parliament – 114 less than under the FTPA rules for the & # 39; super majority & # 39 ;.
Ms. Swinson said the proposal would bind Mr. Johnson's hands over the election date and not the & # 39; serpentine area & # 39; who would have his own plan.
Many opposition MPs fear that if they voted for an election, Mr. Johnson could change the date to force a No Deal Brexit – something Downing Street has long been dismissed as nonsense.
& # 39; And because people can't trust what this man says, I think it's a very good idea to set that date & # 39 ;, Swinson told the BBC's Radio 4 Today program.
The Lib Dem leader said there were several reasons why December 9 was more logical than December 12 for an election.
& # 39; It is clear that it is three days away from Christmas and I understand that the public interest in an election around Christmas is not necessarily high, so I think it is useful from an economic and retail perspective to keep it as far away as possible, & # 39; she said.
& # 39; Waiting would be risk No Deal, because if we waste this extension and we end in January with that deadline of January 31, assuming it is granted today, and we have done nothing with this time, then there is no guarantee that the EU will renew again and that there will no longer be a deal on the table. & # 39;
John McDonnell reacted furiously to the prospect that the Lib Dems, SNP and Tories work together to force an early election
The prospect of the Lib Dems and SNP to work with the Tories to force an early election led to anger among Labor's frontbenchers.
John McDonnell, the shadow chancellor, tweeted: & It looks like the 2010 Lib Dem and Tory pact will be restored.
& # 39; They are back together and are selling the People & # 39; s Vote campaign and the cross-party campaign to prevent a no-deal.
& # 39; The Lib Dems will stop for nothing to get their ministerial cars & # 39; s back. & # 39;
Last night Labor frontbencher Lucy Powell told Westminster Hour that an & # 39; election is soon inevitable and necessary & # 39 ;.
She said: & # 39; Parliament is at an impasse and we must somehow break that impasse, even when the Brexit is ready.
& # 39; It is about the conditions of that election, the when and how of that election. I think that what we have seen from the Liberal Democrats and the SNP is trying to shape the conditions of those elections in a way that benefits them the most, it is purely political play. & # 39;
A source of No. 10 said: & # 39; We are explaining a motion with one clause to change the FTPA and hold an election on the said December 12 day.
& # 39; The bill is very similar to the Lib Dem-SNP account. The WAB is not reset. This is the way to get Brexit ready so that the country can move on. & # 39;
The endgame of the Brexit: how the crisis could develop if Boris Johnson struggles to break ties with the EU
The prime minister has his & # 39; do or die & # 39; Missed the Halloween Brexit deadline, which means that the UK will stay in the EU until January 31 next year, unless Parliament ratifies its deal before that date.
With that & # 39; flex extension & # 39; now confirmed by the EU, attention is now focused on the issue of a general election.
So is it as simple as setting a date and continuing with it? Not quite. Here's a look at how things are.
What has the prime minister tried to do and has he succeeded?
Johnson has again made a bid under the Fixed-Term Parliaments Act (FTPA), which required a majority of two-thirds Commons – 434 MPs – to hold an election on December 12.
But Labor & # 39; s lack of support for the proposal meant that it was defeated.
Jeremy Corbyn has insisted that Labor can only support an election if the threat of a no-deal crash out of the European Union is completely excluded.
Why is there opposition to an election on December 12?
Concerns have been expressed about a December election for a number of reasons – not all politics.
There are voters who stay away, discouraged by cold winter evenings, while others are very well filled with Christmas parties in the office, nativity scene, shopping and generally engaging in festive fun.
There are also potential issues with councils being unable to book polling stations and counting locations with such a short notice period.
Has December 9 also been mentioned as a possible date?
Yes. Lib Dem leader Jo Swinson and Westminster leader Ian Blackford of the SNP have submitted a tightly drafted bill that would allow an election on December 9 – three days ahead of the prime minister's proposed election date – as long as the European Union renews granted on 31 January.
The bill, which is currently being discussed in the Lower House of the Lower House, would require a simple majority of 320 MPs to dissolve Parliament – 114 fewer than under the FTPA rules for & # 39; super majority & # 39 ;.
What difference does three days make?
Mrs Swinson said that her proposal binds Mr. Johnson's hands over the election date and does not give him the & # 39; serpentine space & # 39; who would have his own plan.
She said it was three days away from Christmas, and added that keeping election day so far away from December 25 is in the best interest of the economy.
The Lib Dem leader also pointed out that December 9 would be a better date for university students who may be leaving university cities to return home for Christmas at the end of the Christmas period.
Do the Lib Dems and the SNP want an election as soon as possible?
It seems like. Mrs. Swinson said December 9 is the earliest possible date for holding an election if the bill is passed, meaning that an election will take place & # 39; as soon as possible & # 39 ;.
Both the Lib Dems and the SNP hope to benefit from an election before Brexit takes place, because they hope to gain the support of people who want the Brexit to be scrapped.
The Lib Dems have campaigned for a People & # 39; s Vote, while the SNP has also spoken for a second Brexit referendum.
So where is Labor all here?
While some around Jeremy Corbyn support an unexpected election, many Labor MPs are bitterly opposed to a poll, fearing confusion about the position of the party on Brexit will cost them at the polls.
The party said it will only support an election if Mr. Johnson & # 39; absolutely clear & # 39; makes that there is no longer a deal now that the January extension has been granted.
But it is not entirely clear what steps Johnson should take to satisfy Labor that no-deal is completely excluded.
Shadow House Secretary Diane Abbott suggested that further legislation may be needed, because Mr Johnson's promises were not worth the paper on which they were written.
She said Labor would discuss the Lib Dems / SNP account & # 39; with colleagues from the opposition.
Mr Corbyn had previously said that he wanted to wait for the EU decision on the length of the extension of Article 50 before deciding whether to beat MPs to support Mr Johnson's bid for a winter election.
Labor will NEVER rule under Jeremy Corbyn because of his & # 39; extremely poor personal reviews & # 39 ;, says Lord Mandelson
Lord Mandelson has launched a brutal attack on Jeremy Corbyn and claims that a Labor government is impossible under his leadership.
The Blairite colleague, one of New Labor architects and a cabinet minister under Gordon Brown, also dismisses a broad side of the & # 39; statistical & # 39; economic policy of the party.
In a report, he warns that & # 39; chancellor & # 39; John McDonnell in government would hand over power to & # 39; a new generation of union barons & # 39; and & # 39; would confirm the statistical thinking that New Labor has rejected & # 39 ;.
But he adds: & # 39; Without Jeremy Corbyn's extremely poor personal ratings – they make a majority of the Labor government an impossibility as long as he stays – Labor's prospects would be much stronger than the opponents of the party think. & # 39;
His comments are in the foreword of a report from the free-market Policy Exchange think tank, in which the dangers of & # 39; McDonnellomics & # 39; for the city of London.
The report examines Mr. McDonnell's plans for the economy and warns that they are rooted in the politics of the hard left in the 1970s.
It concludes that a Labor government would undermine investor confidence in a short period, damage the tax base and harm growth.
Labor's plans for the city should be a & # 39; gift & # 39; for financial centers in New York, Tokyo and elsewhere, it says.
The author of the report, Warwick Lightfoot economics chief, said that an & # 39; experiment & # 39; McDonnell companies and ordinary people.
Mr Corbyn and Mr McDonnell want to bring the rail, water, electricity and other utilities back into public ownership, a policy that would cost hundreds of billions of pounds.
Mr. Lightfoot said: & # 39; John McDonnell has drawn up a very ambitious policy agenda in terms of increasing government spending, taxes, nationalization, changes in property rights and labor and labor law.
& # 39; This economic experiment would eventually have a radical and transformational impact on the British economy. But there is much more doubt about how it would benefit companies and employees. & # 39;
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