Boris Johnson and Joe Biden channeled their predecessors in Cornwall today as they studied copies of the 1941 Atlantic charter during their first meeting.
The original charter was drafted in 1941 by Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt and acted as a guiding blueprint for life after World War II.
The document cemented the bond between Britain and the US and was a precursor to a 1946 speech by Churchill where he coined the term ‘special relationship’.
The original agreement was drawn up aboard the Royal Navy’s battleship HMS Prince of Wales and the American heavy cruiser USS Augusta off the coast of Newfoundland when Churchill and Roosevelt met face-to-face for the first time since the outbreak of war. met.
Today, at their first meeting since Mr. Biden was elected and since the outbreak of the Covid pandemic, the current US president and Mr. Johnson pronounced the 1941 charter.
The two leaders are expected to issue a new Atlantic Charter, which Johnson previously said will “set the foundation for a sustainable global Covid recovery.”
Boris Johnson and President Joe Biden view copies of the 1941 Atlantic Charter during their bilateral meeting in Carbis Bay, Cornwall Corn
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill confer after church services aboard the battleship Prince of Wales during the Atlantic Conference, where they drafted the charter
The original Atlantic Charter took the form of a declaration dated August 14, 1941.
In it, the leaders agreed that there were “certain common principles in the national policies of their respective countries on which they base their hopes for a better future for the world.”
Those principles include respecting the right of all people to “choose the form of government under which they will live” and the pursuit of peace.
The charter was the result of personal conversations between Roosevelt and Churchill and set out their goals after World War II.
It contained eight points and common principles on a range of topics such as security, trade and peace.
The two leaders said they “see fit to make known certain common principles in the national policies of their respective countries on which they base their hopes for a better future for the world.”
The original charter is considered historically important because it cemented the relationship between the US and the UK as allies.
It also laid the groundwork for the creation of the United Nations and NATO’s military alliance.
The eight points, including self-determination, the reduction of trade restrictions and the disarmament of aggressor nations.
A month later, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Yugoslavia, the USSR and representatives of the government-in-exile of France also signed the principles of the document.
Boris Johnson and Joe Biden are expected to work out a new Atlantic Charter, which Johnson previously said will “set the foundation for a sustainable global Covid recovery”
The two leaders appeared solemn as they studied copies of the original Atlantic Charter that led to the special relationship between the two countries
In January 1942, these countries, among others, signed the United Nations Declaration, which became the basis of the modern United Nations.
Churchill and Roosevelt said in the charter that they hoped “to bring about a peace that will provide all nations with the means to live safely within their own borders” and to enable people to live their lives “in freedom from fear and anxiety.” lack’.
Crucially, the charter also said that “such peace should enable all people to traverse the high seas and oceans unimpeded.”
It also pledged the US and the UK to ensure that all countries would have ‘on equal terms’ access to the world’s trade and raw materials in order to increase economic prosperity.
Churchill and Roosevelt wanted to “establish the fullest cooperation among all nations in the economic field” with the aim of improving labor standards, economic progress and better social security.
Boris Johnson and Joe Biden hope to follow in the footsteps of their predecessors and work out a new Atlantic Charter.
Johnson said “cooperation between the UK and the US, their closest partners and greatest allies, will be crucial for the future of stability and prosperity in the world.”
He added: ‘Eighty years ago, the US President and the British Prime Minister stood together and promised a better future. Today we do the same.’