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Sao Paulo Former far-right army captain Jair Bolsonaro delivered a fierce and confrontational speech among supporters on Sunday, saying he would purge the country of leftist "criminals".

"We are the majority, we are the real Brazil, together we will build a new nation," he said. "These red criminals will be expelled from our homeland."

The speech pleased the supporters, but sent a chilling message to political rivals and raised new concerns about how Bolsonaro would rule in Brazil.

"Bolsonaro is doubling his campaign strategy," said Matias Spektor, professor of international relations at the Getulio Vargas Foundation in Sao Paulo. "This is a choice about change and anger."

Brazil was ruled by a brutal and repressive military dictatorship from 1964 to 1985, during which hundreds of political opponents were killed and thousands tortured.

Bolsonaro, an outspoken supporter of the military dictatorship, who has previously supported torture and killings of extrajudicial police officers and has a history of derogatory comments about women, the LGBT community and other minority groups. The second presidential round of October 28 against Fernando Haddad of the Workers' Party (PT).

"In the case of Bolsonaro (different from other candidates) we do not know what kind of relationship he will establish with democratic institutions," said Carlos Melo, political science professor at the Insper business school in São Paulo.

"In the least, it creates a sense of insecurity."

Country deeply divided

Brazil is bitterly divided and tormented by the increasing episodes of political violence. Bolsonaro himself was the victim of a near-fatal stabbing in September during a campaign rally.

Bolsonaro delivered the 10-minute speech on Sunday by mobile phone from his home in Rio de Janeiro. A live video was broadcast to thousands of supporters at a demonstration on Avenida Paulista, Sao Paulo's main avenue. There were also demonstrations of supporters in Rio de Janeiro and other cities. The rallies against the right-wing candidate were held a day earlier.

Of the popular ex-president of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who directed the opinion polls until he was prevented from running due to his conviction for corruption, Bolsonaro said: "You will rot in jail!" the supporters were heard singing "Legend! Legend! Legend!"

"Haddad will be there with you soon, but not to visit," said Bolsonaro about his center-left opponent, Haddad, who took over Lula's candidacy.

"You can get out of here, you will not have more opportunities in our country," Bolsonaro … "It will be a cleaning never seen in the history of Brazil."

After the speech, Hadded tweeted: "We must defend the democratic state of law, how will people feel safe if they threaten someone who thinks otherwise?"

Protesters take part in a protest against Brazilian right-wing presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro in Sao Paulo, Brazil [Nelson Almedia/AFP]

PT congressman Paulo Pimenta called the speech "the toughest attack on Brazilian democracy" since the dictatorship ended in 1985.

Bolsonaro also described the Folha de Sao Paulo newspaper as "the biggest false news in Brazil," and said it would cut the government's advertising revenue to the newspaper.

Last week, the newspaper published an article that alleged that Brazilian companies and businessmen were financing a fake news network with the WhatsApp messaging application to favor the right-wing candidate. The police have opened an investigation into the allegations.

Supporters of far-right Brazilian presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro attend a rally on Copacabana beach, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [Carl de Souza/AFP]

Separately on Sunday, a video of Bolsonaro's political son, Eduardo, who was recently re-elected to the congress, went viral in July, in which he spoke about the closing of Brazil's Supreme Court with "a corporal and a soldier." , if the court blocked his father's decision. victory.

Court ministers, including court president Dias Toffoli, responded on Monday and called an attack on the judiciary an "attack on democracy."

Bolsonaro criticized the comment as that of someone who "should go to a psychiatrist" and said he warned his son, local media reported.