Five steps to the moon and back: Boeing unveils design for lunar lander to astronauts on the last part of the trip to the moon in & # 39; as few steps as possible & # 39; to transport
- NASA plans to send a manned mission to the surface of the moon in early 2024
- It has been 50 years since Neil Armstrong became the first man on the moon
- Boeing is one of a number of companies that offer to build the moon lander
- Elon Musk & # 39; s SpaceX and Jeff Bezo & # 39; s Blue Origin would also offer
Boeing has released his design for a new lunar lander that could get astronauts from orbit around the moon to the surface and back in just five key steps.
It has been 50 years since humans first stood on the surface of the moon and within the next decade, humanity will return as part of NASA's Artemis mission.
Aviation and space giant Boeing is one of 11 companies hoping to win the contract to build the vessel that will be the hub for astronauts to surface in 2024.
The Human Lander system would orbit the Earth and then meet with astronauts on the NASA Orion spacecraft before the crew is brought to the surface of the moon. This artist impression shows the lander in orbit
After the Artemis mission team had completed their exploration of the lunar surface, they would take off from the moon in the Ascent Element of the Lunar Lander, as seen in this artist's concept. The Descender element stays on the moon because it would no longer be necessary
The company says its approach would allow a manned moon landing with only five mission-critical events, rather than the 11 or more required for alternative strategies.
Jim Chilton from Boeing said: & # 39; We have developed a "Fewest Steps to the Moon" approach that minimizes mission complexity while providing the safest and most direct path to the lunar surface. & # 39;
The Artemis project wants the first woman and the next man to land on the moon by 2024 and then set up sustainable missions by 2028.
In Greek mythology, Artemis was the goddess of the moon and the twin sister of Apollo. NASA says the name & # 39; personifies our path to the lunar surface in 2024 & # 39 ;.
It has been 50 years since three brave men (photo is Buzz Aldrin) stepped on the moon – and according to NASA our return is imminent. Space agency officials are now targeting the last half of 2024 for when people will land near the South Pole of the Moon
Blue Origin, the rocket company of Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon, is one of the other companies bidding on the lunar landing contract.
They compete against others, including Northrop Grumman, who built the original Apollo 11 lander and Elon Musk & # 39; s SpaceX.
Artemis sees NASA & # 39; s new rocket, known as the Space Launch System (SLS), sending astronauts into orbit around the moon aboard the spacecraft Orion.
They will moor Orion at the & # 39; Lunar Gateway & # 39; – a space station that NASA wants to make in orbit around the moon by 2022 – where they will live and work.
They will then make expeditions from the Gateway to the surface of the moon using the new lunar lander.
Boeing says that, unlike other proposals, his lander can land directly with Orion or the Gateway, eliminating the need for extra space ships.
The Artemis project aims to land the first woman and the next man on the moon by 2024 and then set up sustainable missions by 2028. It included the creation of a number of new technologies, including this new space suit for use by surface astronauts
The goal is to give NASA more time to execute projects that are needed for a successful mission. It was expected that SLS and Orion (draft drawing) would be ready for their first unscrewed test flight in 2024
It can also move from lunar orbit to the surface of the moon without an additional transfer stage or & # 39; space trigger & # 39 ;.
NASA plans to offer initial contracts to companies for the design and development of prototype landers by December 2019, with a total value of $ 1 billion, with full development contracts offered later.
Two lander contracts will be available. One to make a lander for the 2024 mission and another for sustainable landings in the longer term from 2028.
NASA & # 39; s Artemis mission includes plans for sustainable lunar exploration in the longer term, including the establishment of a Gateway station in orbit around the moon, as shown in this diagram. NASA says it will enable astronauts to study and explore the lunar surface
Boeing said his approach to NASA & # 39; the best return on his investment & # 39; would yield.
It also said it would be the simplest and most likely way to return to the surface of the moon by the 2024 goal.
WHO HAS BEEN THE MOON?
Twelve people walked the moon in total.
1 + 2. Apollo 11 – July 21, 1969
Neil Armstrong made history by becoming the first person to set foot on the moon.
Edwin & # 39; Buzz & # 39; Aldrin followed Neil Armstrong to the surface of the moon. His popular nickname gave himself to the animated character Buzz Lightyear.
3 + 4. Apollo 12 – 19 and 20 November 1969
Pete Conrad and Alan Bean were the moon walkers on the Apollo 12 mission.
The Apollo 12 crew experienced two lightning strikes just after their Saturn V rocket was launched.
5 + 6. Apollo 14 – 5 February 1971
Alan Shepard and Edgar Mitchell who were part of the Apollo 14 mission. They launched on January 31, 1971 and landed in the Fra Mauro region of the moon, the original destination for Apollo 13.
7 + 8. Apollo July 15 – 31, 1971
David Scott and James Irwin landed on the moon and stayed for three days, until August 2.
9 + 10. Apollo 16 – 21 April 1972
John Young and Charles Duke were the next men to walk on the moon. When the crew reached the orbit of the moon, the mission almost had to be canceled due to a problem with the main engine of the Command / Service Module.
11 + 12. Apollo 17 – December 11, 1972
The last people to walk on the moon were Eugene (Gene) Cernan and Harrison (Jack) Schmitt.
Before he left the moon, Cernan scratched the initials of his daughter Tracy in the lunar regolite. Because the moon does not experience weather conditions such as wind or rain to erode something away, its initials must remain there for a long time.
All the men who have been to the moon
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