Blacks and Latin Americans are at greater risk of coronavirus infection and death in wealthy and poor cities
Black and Latin American Americans are more likely to become infected with and die from the new coronavirus regardless of where they live, a new study suggests.
Researchers found nearly three times the number and deaths in affluent minority neighborhoods compared to comparable areas with mostly white residents.
This was true in 10 major U.S. cities, including New York City, Chicago, and Los Angeles, according to the New York University Grossman School of Medicine.
In addition, the risk of infection and death for blacks and Hispanics from non-white neighborhoods was eight to nine times greater than in low-income counties, when limited to low-income counties.
Blacks and Hispanics in low-income and minority neighborhoods in the US had eight times the infection risk of white people in low-income and predominantly white cities. Pictured: A healthcare provider cares for a patient in the United Memorial Medical Center’s COVID-19 unit in Houston, Texas, July 2
“Although we expected to see more COVID-19 cases and deaths in predominantly non-white, low-income communities, we were surprised that this relationship still existed even after we took into account poverty rates,” said lead author Dr. Samrachana Adhikari, an assistant professor in the Department of Population Health at NYU Grossman.
“Given our findings, we believe that structural racism may explain these racial differences in the number of deaths and deaths in black provinces.”
For the study, published in JAMA Network Open, the team analyzed data from the 2018 U.S. Census Small Areas Income and Poverty Estimates program, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the state’s health departments.
Researchers focused on 10 major US cities: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York City, Philadelphia, and Seattle.
Cases and deaths from COVID-19, the disease caused by the virus, were investigated per 100,000 people in 158 provinces in these cities.
The team says infections in these areas make up 64 percent of all cases in the country until May 10.
Of the 158 counties, 51.3 percent were considered ‘less poverty’ counties with a median income of $ 79,834.
The remaining 48.7 percent were labeled ‘more poverty’ counties with a median income of $ 60,240.
In the poorer provinces that were mostly non-whites, the coronavirus infection was nearly eight times greater than in a mostly white population.
In addition, the mortality rate in minority neighborhoods was more than nine times greater than in white neighborhoods.
The same was true for the provinces ‘less poverty’.
In this case, in more affluent minority areas, there were about three times as many infections and deaths as in the wealthier Caucasian cities.
“We’ve known for decades that racism is deadly,” said study co-author Dr. Gbenga Ogedegbe, a professor of Population Health and Medicine at NYU Langone.
“Racism is a public health problem involved in the racial gap in mortality and health outcomes.”
He adds that the findings indicate that structural racism is an underlying factor causing a higher rate of deaths and deaths in minority communities.
“The fact that non-white residents died of the virus faster than white residents in both richer and poorer communities should be a major alarm bell for policymakers at national and local government levels, academic medical centers and the country as a whole,” said Ogedegbe.
For future research, the team hopes to look at more detailed data that breaks up residents by race and ethnicity to look at factors that determine these rates.