Scientists are starting to disassemble the data around the super-massive black hole in the middle of Messier 87 – an object that was historically revealed this week as the first black hole ever to be depicted immediately.
It is located 55 million light years from the Earth and has an estimated mass of about 6.5 billion times that of the sun.
Observations from NASA & Chandra and NuSTAR satellites now show that it also emits high energy particles at almost the speed of light, spewing material for more than 1,000 light years.
The NASA observations were used to measure the X-ray brightness of the M87's beam, which was then compared to the models and observations of the Event Horizon Telescope.
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High-energy particles that are part of the M87 radius are shooting from a region close to the event's horizon and it has been observed that it dims and illuminates mysteriously in earlier Hubble data. The huge beam can be seen in the above X-ray of the Chandra Observatory of NASA
There are many mysteries about the nature of black holes, including why some ejection material in these rays, although known as inescapable objects.
It is hoped that the latest breakthrough in observation will help to answer some of these long-standing questions.
High-energy particles that are part of the jet of the M87 are shooting from a region close to the event's horizon and it has been observed that it mysteriously dims and becomes brighter
& # 39; X-rays help us connect what happens to the particles near the event horizon with what we can measure with our telescopes & # 39 ;, says Joey Neilsen, an astronomer at Villanova University in Pennsylvania, who is the Chandra and NuSTAR analysis on behalf of the EHT & # 39; s led Working Group with multiple wavelengths.
& # 39; Planning all of these coordinated observations was a very difficult problem for both the EHT, Chandra and NuSTAR mission planners, & # 39; Neilsen said.
& # 39; They have done an incredible amount of work to give us the information we have and we are extremely grateful. & # 39;
Scientists have lifted the veil of the first pictures ever taken of the event horizon of a black hole. In a long-awaited series of press conferences held simultaneously around the world, the team behind the Event Horizon Telescope revealed the findings of their first series of observations. The glowing orange ring shows the event horizon of M87, in the Virgo star cluster
WHAT IS AN EVENT HORIZON?
The event horizon is a theoretical boundary around a black hole where no light or other radiation can escape.
When one of that material comes too close to the edge of the hole, known as the event horizon, its atoms are torn apart.
The nuclei disappear below the horizon, the much lighter electrons get entangled in the intense magnetic field of the black hole and throw them around at high speed.
This spinning motion causes them to release photons, which is the main emission source of matter close to the black hole.
The event on 10 April focused on the results of the first full run of the Event Horizon Telescope network, which was conducted in 2017.
Using a & # 39; virtual telescope & # 39; which is made up of eight radio observatories placed at different locations on the globe, the international team has scanned in recent years for Sagittarius A *, the super-massive black hole in the heart of the Milky Way and another target called M87 in the Virgin cluster of galaxies.
While black holes are naturally invisible, the ultra-hot material that revolves around them forms a ring of light around the circumference that exposes the mouth of the object itself based on its silhouette. This limit is known as the event horizon.
& # 39; We have seen what we thought was invisible & # 39 ;, said EHT director Sheperd Doeleman when he introduced the glowing orange ring that is the object in the middle of Messier 87 (M87) – and our first direct look at a black hole.
The breakthrough adds great support to Einstein's theory of general relativity and can help answer long-term questions about the nature of black holes.
Developing the technology to get the image was a & # 39; Herculean task & # 39 ;, the researchers said; no telescope is powerful enough to portray a black hole in such detail on itself.
But through international collaboration and a range of instruments, the team built a virtual telescope that is essentially the size of the Earth itself, allowing them to look into Messier 87, 55 million light-years away, around the black hole in the center to see.
There are many mysteries about the nature of black holes, including why some ejection material in these rays, although known as inescapable objects. It is hoped that the latest breakthrough in observation will help to answer some of these long-standing questions
Observations from NASA & Chandra and NuSTAR satellites now show that it also emits high energy particles at almost the speed of light, spewing material for more than 1,000 light years. The NASA observations were used to measure the X-ray brightness of the M87's radius
The data required more than & # 39; half a ton of hard drives & # 39 ;, said Dan Marrone, associate professor of astronomy at the University of Arizona.
The eight telescopes collected 5 petabytes of data – or the & # 39; equivalent of 5,000 years of mp3 & # 39; s & # 39; or & # 39; lifelong selfies for 40,000 people & # 39 ;.
& # 39; We now have visual evidence for a black hole & # 39 ;, Doeleman said. & # 39; We now know that there is a black hole in the middle of M87. Material moving through the black hole moves at light speeds.
& # 39; We now have a whole new way to discover black holes that we had never had before, and as with all new discoveries, this is just the beginning. & # 39;