Bill Nye is schooled online after claiming that Juneteenth was the day that slavery ended in US
Juneteenth is considered America’s “second day of independence” since June 19, 1865, when General George Granger of the Union Army walked into Galveston and freed the last slaves in Texas
Juneteenth, the day that marks the emancipation of slaves in the US, was made a federal holiday last year.
President Joe Biden put pen to paper at the White House last June to sign the bill, marking yesterday’s second National Independence Day in June.
In the past, the day was dominated by ‘Emancipation Day’.
It’s not clear how the day got the name Juneteenth National Independence Day, but Democratic Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee said America “truly became the land of the free and the home of the brave” when Union Army General George Granger liberated the latter. saves in Texas in 1865.
When she introduced the bill in 2020, she said: “[Juneteenth] commemorates freedom and recognizes the sacrifices and contributions that courageous African Americans have made to make our great nation the more aware and accepting country it has become.
It was only after that day in 1865, on the heels of the most devastating conflict in our country’s history, in the wake of a civil war that threatened brother against brother, neighbor against neighbor and threatened to destroy the fabric of our union forever. that America truly became the land of the free and the home of the brave.’
Vice President Kamala Harris noted in her speech that 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue was built by slaves.
The bill passed Congress, with only 14 Republicans rejecting the measure, citing “confusion” with July 4, a left-wing “push for identity politics” and the fact that there are already too many federal holidays in the US.
But Juneteenth is considered America’s “second day of independence” since June 19, 1865, when General George Granger of the Union Army walked into Galveston and freed the last 250,000 slaves in Texas.
Abraham Lincoln outlawed slavery with the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862, but enforcement of the law depended on whether the Union military
It is celebrated annually and has undergone many iterations – including Jubilee Day, Freedom Day, Liberation Day, Emancipation Day.
Now it is a national holiday supported by both Democrats and Republicans.
President Biden said Thursday it was one of the “greatest honors” of his presidency. He called slavery a “moral stain” and the “original sin” that still afflicts the US today. Vice President Harris said it was important to teach “our children” the part of American history.
WHAT IS JUNITENENDE? THE DAY THE LAST SLAVES IN TEXAS WERE FREED
Juneteenth, a portmanteau of June and 19th, is also known as Emancipation Day.
It commemorates the day in 1865, after the Confederate states surrendered to end the Civil War, when a Union general arrived in Texas to inform the last group of enslaved African Americans of their freedom under President Abraham Lincoln’s 1863 Emancipation Proclamation.
A celebration of Emancipation Day in Austin, Texas, in 1900. Juneteenth is celebrated annually and has undergone many iterations – including Anniversary Day, Freedom Day, Liberation Day, Emancipation Day. Now it’s a national holiday supported by both Democrats and Republicans
It came about two months after Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered in Appomattox, Virginia.
Granger initiated the Emancipation Proclamation and it became law. Because African Americans have marked the day all over the country and many states have followed suit by making it a public holiday.
Juneteenth activist Opal Lee was recognized by President Joe Biden at the White House celebration, where Juneteenth’s president made a federal holiday
In 1980, Texas became the first state to declare it a public holiday. The passing of the bill is celebrated with a statue of State Representative Al Edwards (D-Houston), who introduced the legislation in 1979.
It is now recognized in 46 other states and the District of Columbia. Major companies like Twitter and Square have also marked it as a day off, and it’s recognized by brands like Nike and Target.
Opal Lee, 94, the “Grandmother of Juneteenth,” attended the White House signing along with President Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris.
On June 19, 1939, when she was 12 years old, a white mob stormed and set fire to her home in Marhsall, Texas. When she retired as an elementary school teacher in 1977 and then devoted her life to activism.
In 2016, she embarked on a 1,400-mile hike from Fort Worth to Washington DC to urge the Obama administration to make June 19 a national holiday.
While partially a celebration, the day is also solemnly celebrated in honor of those who suffered during slavery in the United States with the arrival of the first enslaved Africans over 400 years ago.
Many cities across the country hold large parades and festivals.
This year, Galveston will unveil a 5,000-square-foot memorial called ‘Absolute Equality’ on the site where Granger told the slaves they were free.
WHAT MADE LAST YEAR MORE IMPORTANT AND HOW ARE THE CALLS GROWING TO MAKE IT A FEDERAL HOLIDAY?
A statue of Texas State Rep. Al Edwards in Galveston, who passed legislation in 1979 to make Juneteenth a public holiday
Last year, Juneteenth coincided with global protests against racial injustice sparked by the death of Floyd, a black man, on May 25, 2020, in police custody in Minneapolis.
It was also accompanied by the coronavirus outbreak, which disproportionately hit communities of color. Donald Trump, already under fire for his response to both crises, has received further criticism for planning a re-election rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma. He has since moved it to the next day.
Tulsa is an important and particularly sensitive place where a white mob massacred African American residents in 1921.
This year marked the 100th anniversary of the massacre and aided the call for reparations for victims.
In the run-up to the November elections, local organizations from across the country devoted the day to discussions about policing and civil rights.
HOW DO PEOPLE MARK THE DAY? EXTENSIVE MARCHES AND PARADES
The 155th anniversary was celebrated across the country with festive meals and gatherings. While many cities canceled annual parades due to the pandemic, other groups opted for virtual conferences or smaller events.
In Washington, groups planned marches, protests and rallies. Amid the wave of protests against racial justice, some US companies have committed to a policy change, including recognizing the holiday.
Among the companies that have announced that they will recognize Juneteenth as a paid corporate vacation are the National Football League, The New York Times, Twitter and Square.
People pose in front of Al Edwards statue in Galveston on June 19, 2020