Bullying can affect everyone; those who are being bullied, those who are bullying, and those who are witnessing bullying.
Bullying is related to many negative outcomes, including the consequences for mental health, the use of resources and suicide.
It is important to talk to children to determine whether bullying or anything else is a concern.
Children being bullied
Children who are bullied can experience negative physical, educational and mental health problems.
Children who are bullied are more likely to experience:
Depression and anxiety, increased feelings of sadness and loneliness, changes in sleeping and eating patterns and loss of interest in activities they used to enjoy.
These problems can persist into adulthood.
Decreased academic performance – GPA and standardized test scores – and school participation.
They are more likely to miss, skip or quit school.
A very small number of bullied children can retaliate by extremely violent measures.
In 12 of the 15 shootings in the 1990s, the shooters had a history of being bullied.
Children who bully others
Children who intimidate others can also engage in violent and other risky behaviors in adulthood.
Children who bully are more likely to:
- Abuse alcohol and other drugs in adolescence and as adults
- Fight, destroy property and stop school
- Participate in early sexual activity
- Have criminal convictions and traffic quotes as adults
- Be insulting to their romantic partners, spouses or children as adults
Children who witness bullying are more likely to:
- I used tobacco, alcohol or other drugs more
- Increased psychological problems, including depression and anxiety
- Miss or skip school
The relationship between bullying and suicide
In media reports, bullying is often linked to suicide. However, most youngsters who are bullied do not have suicidal thoughts or are concerned with suicidal behavior.
although children being bullied runs the risk of committing suicide, only bullying is not the cause.
Many problems contribute to the risk of suicide, including depression, problems at home and the history of trauma.
In addition, specific groups have an increased risk of suicide, including black and minority groups of ethnic, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth.
This risk can be further increased like this cHildren is not supported by parents, peers and schools.
Bullying can aggravate an unsupported situation.