Baths of Carcalla: Old water for heating the oven in baths 1800 years ago open to the public for the first time

The first century BC was a time of unrest because the settlements of the Iron Age were forced to the edge of Europe by the advancing Roman armies.

While the troops of Julius Caesar moved to the north of Gaul, the Coriosolitae – the Celtic tribe that buried the coin-cutter in Jersey – were forced to leave the home area.

Gaul, which encompassed modern-day France and parts of neighboring countries, finally fell to the Romans in 51 BC.

The northern part, known to the Romans as Armorica, but with current Brittany and Normandy, had close ties with the south of Great Britain.

Julius Caesar noted that armies from Britannia often fought against his men in alliance with tribes of Gaul.

Home for the Celts was usually a roundhouse with thatched roofs of straw or heather and walls of lilies and daub when wood was plentiful.

Porridge, beer, and bread made from rye and barley were usually eaten and drunk from barrels of horn.

The image of long-haired, snowy Celts depicted in the comics of Asterix and Obelix actually has a basis in historical reports. Classical texts mention that both Celtic men and women had long hair, with men with sporty beards or mustaches.

A Roman, Diodorus Siculus, wrote: "When they eat, the mustache gets entangled in the food, and when they drink, the drink passes through a sort of sieve," as it were.

Because Christianity did not come to Northern Europe until the 6th century AD, the Celts worshiped various pagan gods and practiced polygamy.

Important religious festivals include Beltane, May 1, the start of the warm season, and Lugnasad, August 1, to celebrate the ripening of the crops.

Other feasts were Imbolc, February 1, when sheep began to lactate, and Samhain, November 1, a festival where ghosts could pass between the worlds that were thought to have continued the Halloween tradition.

Regarding leisure activities for both young and old, later in the Iron Age funerals, glass game was found, indicating that the Celts were playing board games.

Children may have occupied their free time by practicing their skills on the slingshot – an ordinary weapon from the Iron Age.

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