The outgoing UN human rights chief says Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar should have resigned because of last year's violent military campaign against the Rohingya Muslim in Rakhine State.
In an interview with the BBCZeid Ra & # 39; ad al Hussein said that Suu Kyi, who runs the Myanmar government, should have considered returning to house arrest instead of excusing the military.
It comes when UN investigators said on Monday that the Myanmar military carried out mass killings and collective rapes with "genocidal intent," and that the commander-in-chief and the five generals should be prosecuted for the most serious crimes. according to international law.
Myanmar rejected the UN report, which blamed Suu Kyi for not having avoided the repression, for being unilateral.
"She was in a position to do something," Hussein told the BBC.
"She could have stayed quiet, or better yet, resigned.
"There was no need for her to be the spokesperson for the Burmese army, she did not have to say it was an iceberg of misinformation, these were inventions.
"She could have said: look, you know, I'm ready to be the nominal leader of the country but not in these conditions."
"Thank you very much, I am going to resign, I will return to house arrest, I can not be an adjunct attachment that others may think I have when it comes to these violations."
Norway's Nobel Institute said on Wednesday it had no intention of withdrawing its Suu Kyi Peace Prize.
Suu Kyi won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 for campaigning for democracy in her country.
"It is important to remember that a Nobel Prize, whether in Physics, Literature or Peace, is awarded for some effort worthy of a prize or achievement of the past," said Olav Njoelstad, the secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, on Wednesday.
"Aung San Suu Kyi won the Nobel Peace Prize for her struggle for democracy and freedom until 1991, the year she received the award," he said.
And the rules governing the Nobel Prizes do not allow a prize to be withdrawn, he added.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee consists of a panel of five Norwegians, mostly former politicians and academics, who reflect the different forces in the Norwegian Parliament. The other Nobel prizes are awarded in Sweden.
Last year, the committee's director, Berit Reiss-Andersen, also said that it would not take away the prize after previous criticisms of Aung San Suu Kyi's role in the Rohingya crisis.
"We do not, it's not our job to supervise or censor what an award winner does after winning the award," he said in a television interview.
"The prize winners themselves have to safeguard their own reputation."