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Artificial intelligence bypasses warnings and regulators


In the face of the ingenuity of artificial intelligence (AI), even some of those behind the development of ChatGPT are multiplying warnings. As the European Union slowly progresses toward its regulation, the rapid rise of technology seems to be overtaking all.

In the face of the ingenuity of artificial intelligence (AI), warnings are multiplying, even from some of those behind the development of ChatGPT. As the European Union slowly progresses toward its regulation, the rapid rise of technology seems to be overtaking all.

“We need global regulation,” Sam Altman, president of Open AI, told the US Senate on Tuesday, expressing concern that the technology could “cause massive harm to the world, by rigging elections or causing disruptions to the world.” Labor market”.

Develop a global regulation

Likewise, US tech giants demand to frame its use as new AI services are announced every week.

That’s why Christina Montgomery, IBM’s vice president of trust and privacy, called for regulating the industry without stifling innovation. In April, Google chief Sundar Pichai said that “in the long term it will be necessary to develop global regulation” but that “we are still in the beginning”.

But the Gafa dissenters are the most ferocious, including Jeffrey Hinton, the 75-year-old co-founder of artificial intelligence who quit Google in early May to raise awareness of the threat.

At the end of March, more than a thousand personalities demanded that research on artificial intelligence be stopped for a period of six months, including Elon Musk, who is also working on developing an artificial intelligence company, and thinker Yuval Noa Harari, who is convinced that artificial intelligence can destroy humanity.

“We don’t want a world where five companies put humanity on the plane of artificial intelligence without thinking about the future we want,” said activist Tristan Harris, Google’s former chief ethics officer.

Lessons learned?

In Europe, the alarm is sounded above all by researchers, experts and regulators, and in recent weeks anti-AI rhetoric has multiplied.

Consultants from the company “Vae Solis” confirmed to the French newspaper Le Monde that “the production of false images and videos by means of artificial intelligence poses an unprecedented risk to the upcoming elections.” “There is an urgent need to take back control of artificial intelligence, which would cause unprecedented social unrest,” added AI researcher OG Bersini.

Meanwhile, the European Union is making progress on its “artificial intelligence law”. Last week, the European Parliament approved a framework that must be voted on in June. But it will take years before it can be implemented.

Generative AI systems such as ChatGPT would be required by the text to obtain prior permission and be transparent to their algorithms and data.

“Everyone agrees on the need for rules, even companies,” says expert Ivana Bartoletti, director of privacy at consultancy Wipro. She confirms that thinking is underway at the level of the Council of Europe, the United States and the United Nations. “We need not to make alarmist statements, as this will only frighten people rather than help them learn to use AI responsibly,” she says.

But in Europe as in the United States, economic circles are focused on the race for artificial intelligence, given its economic potential as well as its geopolitical importance, as it is “an element of national security,” says the CEO of Google.

In Europe, pro-AI companies and politicians fear that the “AI law” will do more harm than good.

“We should take lessons from the European regulation for personal data. Instead of slowing down the big digital companies, it gave them an advantage,” says Gilles Papineh at La Tribune, because only the Gava companies have the necessary army of lawyers. Papineh is the president of France’s government-appointed National Digital Council.

Papineh adds that it is out of the question to follow the example of the Italian Data Protection Authority (CNIL), which banned GBT chat for three weeks, because it collected data without permission, and then re-licensed the American software after its commitment to comply, but it faces similar complaints in other places. other in the European Union.

“Europe cannot miss such an important technological breakthrough again,” emphasized Cedric Au, former French Minister for the Digital Domain. “The version of the AI ​​law amounts to a de facto ban on the appearance of models in European languages,” for text analysis, translation, and machine-to-machine communication.

Without specifying the reasons, Google announced this week that the “Bard” software to compete with GBT Chat has been deployed in 180 countries. But not in the European Union.

Merry C. Vega is a highly respected and accomplished news author. She began her career as a journalist, covering local news for a small-town newspaper. She quickly gained a reputation for her thorough reporting and ability to uncover the truth.

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