An old sculpture Created 2550 years ago on a basalt rock, it has been identified as the last Babylonian king, Nabonidus.
The inscription, discovered in Saudi Arabia, depicts King Nabonidus holding a scepter and surrounded by four religious symbols: a snake, a crescent moon, the sun and a flower.
Although researchers are still deciphering the meaning of the symbols, some suggest they may be associated with gods in the Mesopotamian pantheon, representing the star of Ishtar, the winged disk of the sun god Shamash, and the crescent moon of the moon god Sin – a god favored by King Nabonidus.
Archaeologists have also determined that the scene contains 26 lines of cuneiform writing, an ancient system used in the Middle East, making it the longest inscription ever found in the kingdom of Babylonia, the Saudi Commission of Tourism and National Heritage shared in a pronunciation.
King Nabonidus ruled Babylonia from 556 BC to 539 BC, but first took the throne after the assassination of the young king Labashi-Marduk.
An ancient sculpture made on a basalt stone 2,550 years ago has been identified as the last Babylonian king, Nabonidus. Discovered in Saudi Arabia, the inscription shows King Nabonidus holding a scepter and surrounded by religious symbols: a snake, a crescent moon, the sun and a flower
Legend has it that Labashi-Marduk’s mother was a priestess of the moon god Sin, who is known to be much loved by Nabonidus, and he eventually went mad for his interest in religious archaeology.
There are a number of murals depicting King Nabondius, some of which are very similar to recently discovered carvings – they show him with a scepter surrounded by religious symbols.
The inscribed rock was excavated in Al-Hadeed Governorate, in the northern Al Hail region of the country.
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Known in ancient times as ‘Fadak’, Al Hait “has great historical significance from the first millennium BC to the early Islamic era,” the Saudi Tourism and National Heritage Commission shared in the announcement.
Archaeologists have also determined that the scene contains 26 lines of cuneiform writing, an ancient system used in the Middle East, making it the longest inscription ever found in the kingdom of Babylonia. Pictured is another sculpture of King Nabonidus
‘The area has ancient sites and monuments, including castles, fortresses and water installations.’
Researchers who previously worked in the area have discovered other inscriptions that mention Nabonidus from the time he reigned until the end when the kingdom fell to Cyrus Persia, Arabic news reports.
Babylonia was a state in ancient Mesopotamia, founded more than 4,000 years ago as a small port city on the Euphrates River.
However, throughout its existence, the city developed into one of the largest in the ancient world.
The inscribed rock was excavated in Al-Hadeed Governorate, in the northern Al Hail region of the country. Pictured is another related Nabondius sculpture that is very similar to the recent discovery
At its height, Babylonia stretched from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea.
King Nabondius was part of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, the last Mesopotamian empire ruled by monarchs living in the area.
The Neo-Babylonian Empire became the most powerful state in the world after the Assyrians’ defeat at Nineveh in 612 BC. History channel.
The Neo-Babylonian Empire, like ancient Babylonia, was short-lived.
In 539 BC, less than a century after its founding, the Persian king Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon which came under Persian control.