A road map for colonizing the galaxy is brought to life in a fascinating animation that sets out paths for future ships of humanity as they take settlers out of the stars.
The model shows all the individual journeys that would be required for a methodical series of migrations by giant colony vessels to 100,000 habitable galaxies.
Developed by Chinese experts, the simulation won a NASA competition for a & # 39; almost impossible & # 39; solve mathematical puzzle of interplanetary orbit design.
The model that controls the stars is the brainchild of a team of Chinese researchers from the National University of Defense Technology in Changsha and the Xi & a 39 Satellite Control Center.
The simulation won the Global Trajectory Optimization Competition this year, held by NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, which opened on May 21 and closed on June 12, 2019.
This year's competition theme, & # 39; Settlers of the Galaxy & # 39 ;, foresaw a future in which humanity had developed the necessary technology and incentive to spread across the Milky Way.
Participating research teams were challenged to find the most energy-efficient way to uniformly control 100,000 different habitable star systems while using as little propulsion as possible.
Competitor and NASA scientist Anastassios Petropoulos described the scenario as follows: & About 39,000 years from now, humanity will reset its count of years to zero. & # 39;
& # 39; Year Zero will be the year in which mankind decides that the time is right to brave humanity into space and establish other galaxies. & # 39;
& # 39; Although technology and knowledge have progressed dramatically, we are still subject to the tyranny of inertia and we remain far removed from the almost instantaneous space travel we show imaginatively in science fiction, & # 39; Dr. Petropoulos concluded.
Such spaceships would therefore be so-called & # 39; generation ships & # 39; must be – huge, self-supporting ships where several consecutive generations of people could stay in the time they needed to reach their destination.
A road map for colonizing the galaxy is brought to life in a stunning animation that shows the paths of future ships of humanity as they remove colonists from the stars
The model shows all individual journeys that would be needed for a methodical series of migrations by giant colony vessels to 100,000 habitable star systems
Starting from the solar system, depicted as a yellow dot, the first expansions in our galaxy are painted in blue and green, while subsequent launches of other galaxies are shown in red
In the researchers' video – which looks like a kind of fireworks – each colored line represents the path of human generation ships as they make their way through the stars.
Starting from the solar system, depicted as a yellow dot, the first expansions in our galaxy are painted in blue and green, while later launches of other galaxies are shown in red.
In accordance with the race scenario, the first solar system exodus contained three so-called & # 39; motherships & # 39; – each capable of deploying ten planet-colonizing pods – and two fast ships that can only colonize one planet.
Each subsequent planet can then launch three colony ships after 2 million years that can only colonize one planet.
The colonization models were allowed to run for the equivalent of 90 million years.
The spaceships in the models would be so-called & # 39; generation ships & # 39; must be – huge, self-supporting vessels that would house several successive generations of people in the time needed to reach their destination (pictured, artist-impressed)
At the end of the winning simulation, the model shows human settlements scattered across all adjacent arms of the galaxy, Perseus and Carina-Sagittarius, which lie on either side of the so-called Orion Spur arm that contains the sun.
At the same time, the animation shows much of the distant Scutus Centaurus arm that is also well settled, and falls into the galactic civilization of humanity.
In recognition of the speed at which humanity depletes the resources of the solar system – making the leap to interstellar migration time-sensitive – participating teams received bonus points for early submission of their solutions.
& # 39; Humanity's resources are becoming ever smaller and the sooner we decide on a milestone location plan, the better & # 39 ;, Dr. Petropoulos wrote.
Another entry, photographed, developed by a think tank from the Advanced Concepts Team of the European Space Agency, came in third place
Another entry, developed by a think tank from the Advanced Concepts Team of the European Space Agency, came in third place.
The video that illustrates the ESA researchers' model was presented in the Interstellar workshop which was held at the European Space Research and Technology Center in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, between 20 and 21 June 2019.
One of the topics discussed during the event was the potential for developing generation ships that could travel between the stars, laser-based spacecraft propulsion systems, and methods to keep people healthy in space.
Researchers have also investigated how societies can function on ships of huge generations, including how the language on board evolves.
In accordance with the race scenario, the first solar system exodus featured three so-called & # 39; motherships & # 39; – each capable of deploying ten planet-colonizing pods – and two fast ships that can colonize only one planet (pictured, an artist's impression) of a generation ship)
WHAT ARE GENERATION SHIPS?
The inside of a hypothetical generation ship
Generation ships – or & # 39; world ships & # 39; – are a hypothetical type of giant spacecraft that is capable of covering the colossal distances between stars.
Only at a speed of less light will the ships probably travel for thousands of years to reach their destination and to host successive generations of travelers, with the descendants of the original crew reaching the destination.
Such a vessel should be completely self-sufficient and capable of supplying energy, air, water and food to its inhabitants.
A proposed design for a world ship – called an O & # 39; Neill colony – would make people live on the inside of two giant, rotating cylinders.
The concept of generation ships comes with various ethical and social issues.
For example, would it be appropriate to lock the descendants of the original crew to push on with a mission they had not chosen – and perhaps even destined to never succeed?
There is also the question of whether such a society could survive, or whether it would be destroyed by a mutiny, for example.
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