Ancient Greeks built temples with a complex system of ropes and levers to lift and move 900-pound blocks of stone – 150 years BEFORE the crane was invented
- In the sixth century BC, the tap would not be vented for another 150 years
- Many stone ancient temples date from before and it is not known how they were built
- Theory now states that a pulley system of ropes was the most likely explanation
- Grooves were found in the blocks that form 2700-year-old structures
The ancient Greeks may have invented a complicated pulley system of ropes and levers to lift huge blocks of up to 900 lbs when building their huge structures.
The crane was not invented in the sixth century BC, but architects and engineers built huge structures, such as the Temple of Olympian Zeus.
Many ancient temples around the empire, including those in the cities of Isthmia and Corinth, date from 2700 years old.
Large pieces of rock were stacked on top of each other to make the 104 original Corinthian columns at the Temple of Olympian Zeus, 17 meters long.
A pulley-based predecessor of the crane may have been of great importance in making it and could be the first documented use of levers by civilization.
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HOW WERE ANCIENT GREEK TEMPLES BUILT?
Ancient Greek structures and temples were built in 2,700 years ago.
The crane was only made in the 5th century BC – and what was used before is unknown.
Researchers have studied grooves that run parallel to each other on the base of rocks used to make the ancient temples of Isthmia and Corinth.
They weigh between 440 and 880 pounds (200 – 400 kg).
The grooves and their origins remain uncertain.
Some say they were made by ropes when they were lifted into place.
Others claim that the quarries are evidence of how the rocks were extracted from a quarry.
Alessandro Pierattini, assistant professor of architecture at the University of Notre Dame, studied ancient rock formations to unravel the mystery of how these structures were built.
He claims to have found evidence that blocks were lifted and put in position about 150 years before the crane.
Grooves in freestone blocks found at the ancient temples of Isthmia and Corinth dating from 700-650 BC. and weighing between 200 and 400 kg, they have been a mystery to scientists for a while.
The double grooves run parallel to the bottom and turn at one end.
Two lines of thought emerged, some of which said they were made by ropes when they were lifted into place and others claimed to show how they were mined from quarry rocks.
Dr. Pierattini believed that the first is more likely.
The crane was not invented in the sixth century BC, but architects and engineers built huge structures, such as the Temple of Olympian Zeus (photo)
& # 39; While investigating the blocks, I found evidence that after lifting the blocks were maneuvered into place with a method that anticipated the advanced lever technique of the Classic period, & # 39; said Dr. Pierattini.
& # 39; The placement included a combination of levers and ropes that allowed each block to be lowered tightly against its neighbor who was already standing in the wall. This is the earliest documented use of the lever in the Greek construction in historical times. & # 39;
He claims that Greek builders experimented with a lifting construction in the first half of the seventh century BC.
The expert in the architectural history of Greek temples says that the innovative Greeks may have started using winches from around 600 BC.
The crane, which would change the architectural game forever, came shortly afterwards.
& # 39; The most important discovery of the Greeks in building technology is the crane, & # 39; said Dr. Pierattini.
& # 39; No previous civilizations have used it, and it has been central to construction for almost 25 centuries with no significant changes – because it was perfect. & # 39;
The research is published in the Annually from the British School in Athens.
Many ancient temples around the empire, including those in the cities of Isthmia and Corinth, date from 2700 years (photo)
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