Ancient Egyptian dung beetle and five clay tablets with carvings of naked women

An Egyptian scarab and five clay tablets with engravings of naked women with ancient fertility goddesses were found in Rehob, a 3500 year old Israeli city.

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The artifacts are believed to have been used at home, as part of popular domestic religious practices, primarily related to women's fertility.

The ancient scarab, made from a mineral called steatite, contains a hieroglyphic inscription that says it was made for a deceased man named & # 39; Amenemhat & # 39 ;.

According to the translation, the mysterious man Amenemhat was the & # 39; writer of the house of the overseer of & # 39; sealed items & # 39 ;.

These materials referred to in the title represent various products and raw materials treated by the administration, they wrote.

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An Egyptian scarab and five clay-carved tablets of naked women depict ancient fertility goddesses found in Rehob, a 3500-year-old Israeli city. Here an engraving found during excavations can show a fertility goddess

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An Egyptian scarab and five clay-carved tablets of naked women depict ancient fertility goddesses found in Rehob, a 3500-year-old Israeli city. Here an engraving found during excavations can show a fertility goddess

The scarab and two of the engravings were found in a large structure whose purpose is unknown.

It has not yet been fully excavated, but it appears to have been a large and extensive public structure.

The wide walls, the placement of buttresses, the spacious inner courtyard with a large south-facing hall, the deep foundations and the huge building fillings all bear witness to the non-domestic character, & the study said.

It may be part of a palace, an administrative building or the home of an elite, but more research needs to be done to determine exactly what it was.

It is a mystery who exactly this person was and what the scarab did in the building where it was found.

& # 39; As there is no other certificate from an Amenemhat writer from the house of the supervisor of sealed items, & # 39; we know nothing else about him, including where he was buried, & Amihai Mazar, an archeology professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem told Live science.

The scarab and two of the engravings were found in a large structure whose purpose is unknown. It has not yet been fully excavated, but it appears to have been a large and extensive public structure. Here, a photo that shows the hieroglyphic inscription on the scarab
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The scarab and two of the engravings were found in a large structure whose purpose is unknown. It has not yet been fully excavated, but it appears to have been a large and extensive public structure. Here, a photo that shows the hieroglyphic inscription on the scarab

The scarab and two of the engravings were found in a large structure whose purpose is unknown. It has not yet been fully excavated, but it appears to have been a large and extensive public structure. Here, a photo that shows the hieroglyphic inscription on the scarab

On this scarab is a hieroglyphic inscription stating that it was made for a deceased man with the name & # 39; Amenemhat & # 39 ;. It was found in a large building in Rehob

On this scarab is a hieroglyphic inscription stating that it was made for a deceased man with the name & # 39; Amenemhat & # 39 ;. It was found in a large building in Rehob

On this scarab is a hieroglyphic inscription stating that it was made for a deceased man with the name & # 39; Amenemhat & # 39 ;. It was found in a large building in Rehob

The engravings probably show fertility goddesses, such as Asherah or Ashtarte.

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& # 39; They were used at home, as part of the popular domestic religious practice in the home atmosphere, mainly related to the fertility of women, & # 39; he said, noting that similar engravings have been found at other archaeological sites in the region.

WHAT did they find?

The tablets with the naked women were found in a & # 39; extensive, large, public structure whose purpose and total size is unknown & # 39; and the wide walls and buttresses are framed by a spacious courtyard.

It had & # 39; large hall in the south, deep foundations and huge building fillings all testify to the non-household character & # 39 ;.

Also discovered was a scarab cut from steatite, a talc-like mineral that consolidates as soapstone, and according to Arlette David of the Hebrew University it contains a & # 39; hieroglyphic inscription & # 39; which she translated to discover that the scarab was made for & # 39; a deceased man named Amenemhat & # 39; described as & # 39; the writer of the supervisor's house of sealed items & # 39 ;.

Although it is not yet known who Amenemhat was, or the meaning of the scarab, it is believed that the reference to & # 39; sealed items & # 39; refers to administrative resources.

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The excavation revealed that Rehob, what & # 39; wide & # 39 ;, & # 39; wide location & # 39; means, nowadays known as Tel Rehov, was founded around 3500 years ago.

Tel Reḥov (Reḥob) was one of the largest of the ancient Canaanite cities in the southern Levant during the late Bronze Age and flourished when Egypt dominated much of the region.

The city, founded 3500 years ago, flourished at a time when Egypt dominated much of the region.

Rehob was built near Beth Shean, a city protected by an Egyptian garrison, Mazar wrote in the study.

It is a mystery who exactly this person was and what the scarab did in the building where it was found.

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& # 39; As there is no other certificate from an Amenemhat writer from the house of the supervisor of sealed items, & # 39; "We don't know anything else about him, including where he was buried," said Uri Davidovich, a teacher at the same institution.

Professor Mazar noted that it is possible that Amenemhat never lived or visited in Rehob and that the scarab may have been used in Rehob as a reminder of Egypt's control of the area.

The findings are published in the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research.

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