Amulet that may have protected women and children from the evil eye unveiled in Israel

0

1,500-year-old amulet that would have protected women and children from the EVIL EYE unveiled in Israel

  • 1,500-year-old amulet once believed to protect women and children from the ‘evil eye’ is revealed by archaeologists
  • It was originally discovered 40 years ago in Arbel, about two hours north of Jerusalem
  • The amulet, known as ‘Solomon’s Seal’, has a triangular shape with inscriptions on both sides
  • On one side is ‘the figure of a horseman whose head is surrounded by a halo riding a horse’
  • The other side has an eye pierced by four arrows, along with lions, a snake, scorpion and a bird

A 1,500-year-old amulet once believed to protect women and children from the “evil eye” is being unveiled by archaeologists for the first time since its discovery 40 years ago.

Known as “Solomon’s Seal,” the amulet has a triangular shape, with on one side “the figure of a horseman whose head is surrounded by a halo riding a horse,” the Israel Antiquities Authority wrote in a statement. Facebook post.

The rider throws an orb at a female figure known as Gello, along with an inscription in Greek that translates to “The only God who conquers evil.”

One side of the amulet features

One side of the amulet features “the figure of a horseman whose head is surrounded by a halo riding a horse,” according to the Israel Antiquities Authority. The horseman is seen throwing an orb at a female Greek mythological figure known as Gello, along with an inscription in Greek that translates to ‘The only God who conquers evil’

On the other side, an eye is pierced by four arrows, along with lions, a snake, scorpion and a bird.  There is also another Greek inscription that reads: 'One God'

On the other side, an eye is pierced by four arrows, along with lions, a snake, scorpion and a bird. There is also another Greek inscription that reads: ‘One God’

The amulet, known as

The amulet, known as “Solomon’s Seal,” was originally discovered 40 years ago at Arbel, about two hours north of Jerusalem.

HOW WAS ARBEL?

Arbel is a moshav (a kind of Israeli city) in the north of the country.

It is located about two hours north of Jerusalem and had a population of just over 730 in 2019.

It was founded by soldiers in 1949 as a sort of cooperative village, but by 1959 it had become a full-fledged moshav.

Arbel is known for the ruins of an old synagogue, on the western part of the moshav.

It is believed that the synagogue was built in the 4th century AD, rebuilt in the 6th century and used continuously until the 8th century when it was destroyed.

Below the inscription are the Greek letters IAW Θ, which translates to YHWH, or Yahweh, in Hebrew.

Gello was a mythological figure in Greece who threatened women and children by causing infertility and miscarriage, and is commonly associated with the evil eye.

On the other side, an eye is pierced by four arrows, along with lions, a snake, scorpion and a bird. There is also another Greek inscription that reads: ‘One God’.

“The amulet is part of a group of fifth-sixth-century CE amulets from the Levant that were probably produced in the Galilee and Lebanon,” said Dr. Eitan Klein, deputy director of the IAA Antiquities Theft Prevention Unit, in the post.

This group of amulets is sometimes referred to as ‘Solomon’s Seal’ and the horseman is depicted overcoming the evil spirit – in this case a woman identified with the mythological figure Gello/Gyllou, who threatens women and children and is associated with the evil eye. The eye on the reverse is recognizable as the evil eye, which is attacked and conquered in various ways.’

Dr. Klein continued, “The amulet was therefore probably used to guard against the evil eye, possibly to protect women and children.”

The amulet was discovered in Arbel, about two hours north of Jerusalem.

During the Byzantine period, Arbel (often mentioned in the Talmud) was a Jewish settlement.

It’s unclear who wore the amulet, with Dr. tell small Haaretz that “anti-demon pendants of this type” were worn by Jews, Christians and Gnostics, a mystical group related to early Christianity.

It is handed over to the Israel Antiquities Authority by a relative of one of Arbel’s earliest residents, the late Tova Haviv.

Advertisement

.