Advertisements
The number of fires in Brazil has so far risen by 80 percent this year, compared to the same period in 2018, according to data from space research agency INPE. ask green campaigners and scientists to do more to tackle the problem
Advertisements

Scientists and environmental charities have the $ 20 million pledged by the G7 countries as & # 39; meager & # 39 ;, & # 39; sad & # 39; and a & # 39; drop in the ocean & # 39; slammed shut.

The conviction of the rescue fund comes under pressure from the British government to stop trading with Brazil, a major cause of the ecological disaster.

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro is embroiled in a bitter war of words with his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, about the ongoing hell.

Bolsonaro recently announced a U-turn on his refusal to accept foreign aid, but only on condition that he can spend the money on his own terms.

Advertisements

Experts warn that deforestation, lax legislation and thriving agriculture urgently need to be addressed to protect the future of the Amazon.

Scroll down for video

The number of fires in Brazil has so far risen by 80 percent this year, compared to the same period in 2018, according to data from space research agency INPE. ask green campaigners and scientists to do more to tackle the problem

The number of fires in Brazil has so far risen by 80 percent this year, compared to the same period in 2018, according to data from space research agency INPE. ask green campaigners and scientists to do more to tackle the problem

Brazilian farmer Helio Lombardo do Santos and a dog walk through a burnt area of ​​the Amazon rainforest. The fires are not limited to Brazil, with at least 10,000 square kilometers burning in Bolivia

Brazilian farmer Helio Lombardo do Santos and a dog walk through a burnt area of ​​the Amazon rainforest. The fires are not limited to Brazil, with at least 10,000 square kilometers burning in Bolivia

Advertisements

Brazilian farmer Helio Lombardo do Santos and a dog walk through a burnt area of ​​the Amazon rainforest. The fires are not limited to Brazil, with at least 10,000 square kilometers burning in Bolivia

Dr. Luke Parry, a senior teacher at Lancaster University who currently works in Brazil, told MailOnline: & $ 39 million is a meager offer from & # 39; the world's richest countries and probably less than the security costs for holding a G7 summit. & # 39;

Emi Murphy, campaigner for Friends of the Earth, called it & # 39; a drop in the ocean & # 39; compared to what is needed to reduce emissions and to cope with climate change.

The enormous size of the Amazon rainforest and the enormous amount of natural fire eruptions make it almost impossible to stop its spread.

Savings in the budget of IBAMA, the government agency responsible for protecting the wilderness, also play an undeniable role in the ongoing crisis.

Advertisements

Dr. Parry revealed the shocking extent of the financial deficit, but says President Jair Bolsonaro's tumultuous rein is not just the fault.

Scientists and environmental charities have pledged the $ 20 million promised by the G7 countries as & # 39; paltry, & # 39; sad & # 39; and a & # 39; drop in the ocean & # 39; slammed shut

Scientists and environmental charities have pledged the $ 20 million promised by the G7 countries as & # 39; paltry, & # 39; sad & # 39; and a & # 39; drop in the ocean & # 39; slammed shut

Scientists and environmental charities have pledged the $ 20 million promised by the G7 countries as & # 39; paltry, & # 39; sad & # 39; and a & # 39; drop in the ocean & # 39; slammed shut

The enormous size of the Amazon rainforest and the enormous amount of natural fire eruptions make it almost impossible to stop its spread. Dr. Edward Mitchard, associate professor at the University of Edinburgh, told MailOnline that Brazil is unlikely to have enough money to improve its protection of the Amazon

The enormous size of the Amazon rainforest and the enormous amount of natural fire eruptions make it almost impossible to stop its spread. Dr. Edward Mitchard, associate professor at the University of Edinburgh, told MailOnline that Brazil is unlikely to have enough money to improve its protection of the Amazon

The enormous size of the Amazon rainforest and the enormous amount of natural fire eruptions make it almost impossible to stop its spread. Dr. Edward Mitchard, associate professor at the University of Edinburgh, told MailOnline that Brazil is unlikely to have enough money to improve its protection of the Amazon

Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro is embroiled in a bitter war of words with his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, about the disaster. He recently announced a U-turn on his refusal to accept foreign aid, but only on the condition that he can spend it on his own terms
Advertisements

Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro is embroiled in a bitter war of words with his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, about the disaster. He recently announced a U-turn on his refusal to accept foreign aid, but only on the condition that he can spend it on his own terms

Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro is embroiled in a bitter war of words with his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, about the disaster. He recently announced a U-turn on his refusal to accept foreign aid, but only on the condition that he can spend it on his own terms

HOW RESPONSIBLE FOR THE AMAZON WILDFIRES IS THE BRAZILIAN GOVERNMENT?

Dr. Luke Parry, associate professor at Lancaster University currently working in Brazil, told MailOnline that the problem is huge and multifaceted, but has several central causes.

How much money would you like to see donated to the cause?

& # 39; International donations can make a difference, but a much more secure bet is if the Brazilian government releases more of its own resources to protect the environment against landowners who illegally harvest, deforestate and burn their forests, and resources to burn forest fires to extinguish.

& # 39; The Brazilian government has recently pledged to release previously blocked funds to help, but this is only a few million dollars and is sadly inadequate.

Advertisements

"Almost all public institutions in Brazil are currently struggling to provide even basic services, given half a decade of drastic funding cuts, and more recently, a lack of political will to allow even expenditure that has already been allocated to this year's budget. "

How important is the role of the Brazilian government in the disaster?

& # 39; The current fires in Amazon reflect landowners who take advantage of what they certainly consider a unique opportunity to illegally cut more of their forest.

& # 39; They are seizing a historic moment when the statutory controls on clear forest reserves on a site have been delegimated by the rhetoric of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro.

& # 39; Farmers realize that although Brazilian and other satellites will discover new places of deforestation, there is no political will or means on the spot to punish the perpetrators.

& # 39; For more than 10 years there has been a steady reduction in resources for maintaining the environment in Brazil, especially outside protected areas.

Advertisements

& # 39; For example, the Altamira municipality in the Amazon is the largest in the world and larger than Greece and is currently a hotspot for deforestation and forest fires.

& # 39; Shockingly, the IBAMA federal enforcement agency has only three agents for the entire area.

& # 39; Two of them are limited to administrative duties, leaving only one agent on site. & # 39;

& # 39; On a larger scale, the financing and approval of mega-dams was approved by former presidents Lula and then President Dilma.

& # 39; A further political legal form of Dilma were legal changes to protected area legislation that allow mining activities in protected areas and indigenous countries. & # 39;

Advertisements

He told MailOnline: & # 39; Farmers realize that although Brazilian and other satellites will discover new pieces of deforestation, there is no political will or means on the spot to punish the perpetrators.

& # 39; For more than 10 years there has been a steady reduction in resources for maintaining the environment in Brazil, especially outside protected areas.

& # 39; For example, the Altamira municipality in the Amazon is the largest in the world and larger than Greece and is currently a hotspot for deforestation and forest fires.

& # 39; Shockingly, the IBAMA federal enforcement agency has only three agents for the entire area.

& # 39; Two of them are limited to administrative duties, leaving only one agent on site. & # 39;

Advertisements

The driving force behind this devastation comes down to human actions that are intended to maximize profits through illegal means.

To feed a thriving population and a swelling economy, Brazil is cutting down the Amazon rainforest and using it for farms.

Although condemned worldwide, it is legal in the South American country because the government has relaxed its own forest protection legislation.

Dr. Edward Mitchard, associate professor at the University of Edinburgh, told MailOnline that it is the deforested areas that cause fire, with the flames rarely breaking through untouched wilderness areas.

He said: “What burns are mostly areas where people cut down trees earlier this year, let the cleared land dry, and now burn it to turn it into grassland.

Advertisements

& # 39; This is used to grow livestock and crops, or ultimately to sell the farm for profit in a few years to a large agribusiness company.

& # 39; Once set, it is very difficult to stop these fires. & # 39;

Agriculture and the desire for more agricultural land is a clear motivating factor behind the ongoing deforestation and subsequent forest fires.

Consumption of Brazilian beef and the sale of products created as a result of deforestation are the cause of the ongoing issue – as well as political unrest.

Conservationists, academics and charities all strive for tighter restrictions on trade with Brazil.

Advertisements

Dr. Parry said: & # 39; Considerable quantities of Brazilian beef are consumed in Europe and this may provide the greatest leverage for finding a medium to long term solution.

& # 39; Consumers and governments must demand stricter controls and greater guarantees that our beef does not come from pastures caused by illegal deforestation. & # 39;

Budget cuts from IBAMA, the government's mission to protect the wilderness, also play an unmistakable role in the ongoing crisis, with an area the size of Greece being guarded by just one official

Budget cuts from IBAMA, the government's mission to protect the wilderness, also play an unmistakable role in the ongoing crisis, with an area the size of Greece being guarded by just one official

Budget cuts from IBAMA, the government's mission to protect the wilderness, also play an unmistakable role in the ongoing crisis, with an area the size of Greece being guarded by just one official

Murphy added: “Cash promises are not enough – pressure must also be put on Brazilian President Bolasnaro.

& # 39; The British government must suspend trade negotiations with Brazil until the Amazon and its people receive the protection they need. & # 39;

Worldwide nature and nature conservation, the WWF is also pushing for more action, but recognizes that the $ 20 million is a step in the right direction.

Mike Barrett, executive director of science and nature conservation for charity, said: & It is good to see the fate of this vital forest on the world agenda, as well as new financing commitments, especially from the UK.

& # 39; We cannot protect the world against the worst effects of climate change when the Amazon is burning. But emergency funding to stop the fires now is just the first step.

& # 39; In the long term, if we are to save the Amazon for future generations, we must address the root causes of destruction, through better control over illegal activities, supporting those who work on it and ensuring that our food production does not lead to deforestation.

& # 39; For us in the UK, this means we must stop importing raw materials that cause deforestation.

& # 39; To do that, the UK government must ensure that all future trade agreements are part of the solution, not the problem. & # 39;

Conservationists, academics and charities all strive for tighter restrictions on trade with Brazil, and some call for an immediate ban on Brazilian goods

Conservationists, academics and charities all strive for tighter restrictions on trade with Brazil, and some call for an immediate ban on Brazilian goods

Conservationists, academics and charities all strive for tighter restrictions on trade with Brazil, and some call for an immediate ban on Brazilian goods

. [TagsToTranslate] Dailymail