Amateur metal detector, 45, discovers rare pull of 1,000-year-old coins from the Battle of Roslin, where Scots fought for independence for the first time
- Known as the First War of Scottish independence, it took place in 1303
- More than 20,000 English soldiers were killed in the bloody battle
- Coins are now being studied by academics from the Scottish Treasure Trove unit at the National Museum of Scotland
An amateur historian has uncovered a lot of silver coins at the site of the Battle of Roslin – the First War of Scottish Independence in 1303.
The 200 coins were discovered by Jaroslaw Musialkowski, 45, his brother Marcin, 47, and his cousin Kacper, 23 on March 19 hidden under a tree at an undisclosed location.
Academics from the Scottish Treasure Trove unit at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh are now studying the priceless finds.
Part of the currency appears to resemble the English king Edward I, who ruled from 1272 to 1307, while other coins appear to be Irish.
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The 200 coins were discovered by Jaroslaw Musialkowski, 45, his brother Marcin, 47, and his cousin Kacper, 23 on March 19 hidden under a tree
Mr. Musialkowski, 45, (photo) said: & # 39; We had previously found some silver on the site, but none of this level & # 39;
WHAT WAS THE BATTLE AT ROSLIN?
The Battle of Roslin is the famous First War of Scottish independence.
It took place near the village of Roslin, Midlothian on February 24, 1303.
A ceasefire with the English expired on November 30, 1302, and this caused the English to prepare for a new invasion of Scotland.
About 30,000 Englishmen recorded about 8,000 Scots and the invaders suffered about 22,000 – 28,000 losses.
The Scots were led by Guardian of Scotland John Comyn.
Mr. Musialkowski, 45, said: & # 39; We had previously found some silver on the site, but none of this level.
& # 39; We have brought in some archaeological experts and excavated the site.
& # 39; They have picked up some items, but not many.
& # 39; Only after we returned and found 44 more coins did we realize that we were really doing something. & # 39;
The Battle of Roslin took place in 1303, when Scottish troops led by John Guardian, Scotland, defeated English troops.
More than 20,000 English soldiers were killed, despite the fact that the Scottish army had fewer than half of those numbers.
It is thought that around 2,000 English soldiers survived – out of 30,000 who were sent to the battlefield.
The three family members returned to the site at different points during different days and eventually found more than 200 coins
Amateur historian Jaroslaw Musialkowski (photo) discovered the 14th-century coins from a former military camp near the site of the Battle of Roslin
Amateur historian Musialkowski, originally from Puck, in Poland, said: & # 39; There is a theory from local people that women's silver could be.
& # 39; There were thousands of men in the camp so it is possible.
& # 39; But I think it is more likely that a fee has been paid for mercenaries who participated in the fight.
& # 39; Those who hire them didn't want to pay before they were killed – it's much cheaper to only pay who's left.
& # 39; So I think it is possible to bury it with the intention of digging it up later, but we have to wait and see what the museum says. & # 39;
He said he had the idea of the & # 39; post-war looting & # 39; of fallen soldiers, due to the absence of jewelry and weapons, has been neglected.
Pottery was also found on the undisclosed site, in Midlothian, when the discovery was made in March.
A spokesperson for the Scottish Treasure Trove unit confirmed that they are now reviewing the find, but were unable to comment until each item was reviewed.
Pottery was also found on the undisclosed site, in Midlothian, when the discovery was made in March (photo)
HOW DO METAL DETECTORS WORK?
The invention of the metal detector cannot really be claimed by one person.
It is a combination and fusion of various technology components.
Alexander Graham Bell made a device that was an electromagnetic, metal search engine.
This was based on a device invented by physicist Heinrich Wilhelm Dove.
Some time later, an engineer Gerhard Fischer filed a patent for a design.
A metal detector consists of a stabilizer, switch box, shaft and search coil.
It is the two coils that are actually responsible for the detection of metal.
The outer coil is the transmission coil while the inner coil is the receiver coil.
This works to detect and amplify frequencies. This type of technology is known as Very Low Frequency or VLF technology.
When electricity is supplied to this coil, a magnetic field is created around the coil.
This is the same science behind electromagnets.
When the machine floats over metal, the electrons in the metal – due to the metal bonding and the sea of electrons around a fixed positively charged mass – are affected by the magnetic field.
The change in the electrons causes a small electric field in the metal object that changes the frequency of the metal detector.
This indicates that metal is present.
More advanced metal detectors can also distinguish between different types of metal and the frequency change is different and therefore the pitch of the note has changed.
Source: The detector
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