Our brains respond to the irony of emojis in the same way as words.
A team of researchers from the University of Illinois examined the brain activity of English-speaking university students as they read sentences containing several emojis.
They read prayers with emoji that were negative, positive or ironic.
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A team of researchers from the University of Illinois examined the brain activity of English-speaking college students while reading sentences containing several emoji.
HOW DO OUR BRAINS COME FROM IRONY?
For the study, the scientists monitored the brain waves of the respondents while reading sentences that included ironic emoji.
They specifically studied the brainwave patterns related to language processing, studying a pattern called & # 39; P600 & # 39 ;.
This is a "signal of error" that occurs when someone finds a word or a symbol that is linguistically unexpected.
It means that the reader is finding something, then re-evaluating its meaning.
Respondents who saw an ironic emoji, such as the winking face, exhibited this pattern of brain waves.
In one example, they read a sentence that said "The cake he made was terrible", followed by an emoji frowning, a smiling emoji and a blinking emoji.
At the same time, the scientists recorded their brain waves.
Respondents answered comprehension questions about how they interpreted the meaning of the sentence.
They were asked if they interpreted the sentence literally, or if wink's emoji changed their reading of the sentence, so they saw it as an expression of irony.
The researchers compared the brain waves caused by ironic emojis and non-mechanical emojis and found that the patterns caused by ironic emojis reflected those that were shown in studies that looked at ironic verbal communication.
The study shows that words combined with emojis can be considered another form of "multimodal communication", in the same way that people can use gestures or facial expressions in combination with words to convey the meaning.
In short, emojis can convey irony or sarcasm in a written mode of communication, in the same way that intonation would do the same when you talk to someone.
Typically, written modes of communication "eliminate" things such as intonation or gestures, but emojis seem to add them back.
In one example, respondents read a sentence that said "The cake he made was terrible", followed by a frowning emoji, a smiling emoji and a blinking emoji
As the respondents read the sentences, the scientists recorded their brain waves. Then they answered comprehension questions about how they interpreted the meaning of the sentence
"I would not go as far as emojis are words, but they can be used linguistically," said Benjamin Weissman, one of the co-authors of the study.
& # 39; Emojis can convey irony or sarcasm in a written format in the same way that we can use intonation to convey the same when speaking & # 39 ;.
Another example involved respondents who read the phrase & # 39; You're an idiot & # 39 ;, followed by a sad emoji, smiling or winking.
They were asked to determine whether, based on the emoji used in the sentence, the person was actually an idiot.
Again, the people who interpreted the irony showed a different brain activity in response.
His brain scans showed separate peaks in activity, in contrast to other respondents.
Specifically, an increase in activity occurred 200 milliseconds after reading the impish face sentence. Another peak followed in approximately 600 milliseconds.
The people who interpreted the irony in a sentence showed different patterns in brain activity. Specifically, they showed an increase in activity of 200 milliseconds after reading the impish face sentence. Another peak followed in approximately 600 milliseconds
It shows that when a brain reads a prayer with ironic emoji, it first reads the words one way, then changes its interpretation to consider new information – a process called re-evaluation & # 39;
The researchers said the pattern is similar to what was observed in studies in which people heard sentences that had a sarcastic tone.
It seems to indicate that when a brain reads a prayer with an ironic emoji, it first reads the sentence one way, then changes its interpretation to consider new information, a process called "re-evaluation."
The study shows that emojis convey a certain linguistic meaning in a sentence.
"This helps expand our vision of communication," said Darren Tanner, another co-author of the study.
It can be words or words plus images, or words plus gesture, and it can be words plus emojis.
You can not simply use an emoji chain, but when you combine emoji with words, you can enhance each other. The combined effect of written words plus emojis is bigger than words or emojis alone, "he added.
IS EMOJIS RUINING THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE?
Emojis can be a fun way to communicate but they are destroying the English language, according to a recent Google study.
Smiling faces, love hearts, thumbs up and other cartoon icons, instead of words, are the preferred method of communication among adolescents, who are considered the worst offenders with respect to the decrease of grammar and the score
More than a third of British adults believe that emojis are the reason for the deterioration in the proper use of the language, according to the study commissioned by the YouTube site owned by Google.
The Emojis were first used by Japanese mobile phone companies in the late 1990s to express an emotion, concept or message in a simple and graphic way. Now, Twitter feeds, text messages and Facebook posts are full of them
Of the two thousand adults, aged 16 to 65, who were asked for their opinion, 94 percent believed that English was in decline, and 80 percent mentioned young people as the worst offenders.
The most common mistakes made by the British are misspellings (21 percent), followed closely by the placement of an apostrophe (16 percent) and the misuse of a comma (16 percent).
More than half of British adults have no confidence in their command of spelling and grammar, according to the study.
In addition, about three-quarters of adults rely on emojis to communicate, in addition to the dependence on predictive text and the spell checker.
The use of emojis has filtered into our culture in such a way that the "Word of the Year" The Oxford dictionary in 2015 was not really a word, it was the emoji of Face With Tears, which shows how influential the small graphic images have become.
They were used for the first time by Japanese mobile phone companies in the late 1990s to express an emotion, concept or message in a simple and graphic way.