A new study reveals that not exercising is more deadly to your health than smoking, diabetes and heart disease.
The findings were based on the retrospective study of 122,007 patients who underwent tests at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio over 23 years, between 1991 and 2014. The results were published Friday in the JAMA Network Open.
"Being unable on a treadmill or on a stress test with exercise has a worse prognosis, until death, than being hypertensive, being diabetic or being a current smoker," the Cleveland Clinic cardiologist and lead author told CNN. of the study, Dr. Wael Jaber.
A new study based on 23 years of test results for 122,007 patients revealed that not exercising is more deadly for your health than smoking, diabetes and heart disease (archive image)
The findings, he said, were by far the most "pronounced" and "objective" seen, and were "extremely surprising."
Jaber noted that although the dangers of leading a sedentary lifestyle and being out of shape are well known, he admitted he was surprised by the study's findings that both states surpass even such strong risk factors as smoking, diabetes or even terminal stage disease & # 39;
By breaking down the results, the researchers found that people with sedentary lifestyles had a 500 percent higher risk associated with death than those who classified themselves as those who performed best.
Those who exercised minimally still had a 390 percent higher risk associated with death compared to those who exercised regularly.
Meanwhile, it was said that those who did not perform well on the treadmill test have almost twice as many health risks as those who have kidney failure on dialysis.
The researchers found that people with sedentary lifestyles had a 500 percent higher risk associated with death than those who were classified as having better physical performance
The research found that no amount of exercise, including that performed by "ultra" athletes, who are known to push their bodies to the extreme, could create health risks.
As such, Jaber said, "there really is no limit to the benefit of exercise," even in the case of "ultra" athletes, who are sometimes said to have an increased risk of death due to the extremes that push their bodies.
"We can see in the study that ultra-adjustment still has a lower mortality," Jaber said, noting that there is not an amount of exercise that could result in health risks.
While the study found that the benefits of exercise were seen in both men and women of all ages, the benefits could be "a little more pronounced" among women, Jaber said.
In any case, he said that lack of physical fitness should be considered as being on par with hypertension, diabetes and smoking when it comes to risk factors for health.
As such, not being fit, "should be treated almost like a disease that has a prescription, what is called exercise," he said.
The sports medicine physician at Hospital for Special Surgery, Dr. Jordan Metzl, who also wrote the book The Exercise Cure, noted that $ 200 billion a year is spent on the treatment of cardiovascular disease and diabetes and its complications, which makes it the most expensive disease in the United States. State. & # 39;
"Instead of paying large sums for the treatment of the disease, we should encourage our patients and communities to stay active and exercise every day," Metzl told CNN, and was advised that "once approved by their doctors , patients should not fear the intensity of exercise. "