A mysterious 2,000-year-old papyrus has finally been decoded

A 2,000-year-old parade has finally been decoded, and contains strange information about what happens when women do not have enough sex

A 2,000-year-old parchment has finally been decoded, revealing disconcerting centuries-old beliefs about what happens when women do not have enough sex.

The ancient papyrus refers to a medical condition known as "hysterical apnea," which describes how women with sexual hunger become hysterical.

Female hysteria was once a common diagnosis, with texts referring to the condition dating back to 1900 BC in ancient Egypt.

Hippocrates, widely credited as the founder of Western medicine, also believed in diagnosis during the fifth century BC.

Experts claim that the "sensational" 2,000-year-old papyrus was probably a medical document written by the famous Roman physician Galen, who was the first to understand the importance of the pulse and blood flow around the body.

The & # 39; & # 39; hysterical apnea & # 39; & # 39; It is no longer recognized by medical authorities.

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A 2,000-year-old parade has finally been decoded, and contains strange information about what happens when women do not have enough sex

A 2,000-year-old parade has finally been decoded, and contains strange information about what happens when women do not have enough sex

Since the 18th century, the mysterious papyrus has been preserved in Basel, Switzerland.

With the writing that appears upside down on both sides, as written in a mirror, the document has baffled generations of researchers.

However, a new investigation of tThe University of Basel has discovered that it is a medical document of late antiquity.

The papyrus was decoded after ultraviolet and infrared images taken by researchers who revealed that it was not a single leaf, but several layers of papyrus stuck together.

"This is a sensational discovery," said Sabine Huebner, professor of Ancient History at the University of Basel.

"Most papyri are documents such as letters, contracts and receipts, this is a literary text, however, and they are much more valuable.

"Now we can say that it is a medical text of late antiquity that describes the phenomenon of hysterical apnea," said Dr. Huebner.

The term hysteria comes from the Greek word & # 39; hysterika & # 39 ;, which means uterus.

Apnea refers to the cessation of air flow to the lungs.

It was believed that the uterus could become too dry due to lack of sexual intercourse. This caused the organ to travel around the abdomen looking for moisture.

At that time, it was believed that if the organ came into contact with the liver it would cause sudden asphyxia, known as "hysterical apnea".

The Greeks described the condition as & # 39; Wandering Womb & # 39 ;.

Galen believes that women who suffer from "hysterical apnea" should suppress stimuli that will probably "excite" them and take various herbs. Marriage was also considered a cure.

The experts revealed that this document & # 39; sensational & # 39; (in the picture) was most likely a medical document written by the famous Roman doctor Galen

The experts revealed that this document & # 39; sensational & # 39; (in the picture) was most likely a medical document written by the famous Roman doctor Galen

The experts revealed that this document & # 39; sensational & # 39; (in the picture) was most likely a medical document written by the famous Roman doctor Galen

HOW WOMEN DIAGNOSED WITH HYSTERIA & # 39; FOR CENTURIES?

The term hysteria comes from the Greek word hysterika, which means Uterus.

Female hysteria was once a common medical diagnosis, reserved exclusively for women, which is no longer recognized by medical authorities.

Its diagnosis and treatment were routine for hundreds of years.

Women suspected of having it exhibited a wide range of symptoms, including sexual desire, insomnia or even a "tendency to cause problems."

In some extreme cases, the woman was forced to enter asylums or undergo a surgical hysterectomy.

In ancient Greece, hysteria was described in the gynecological treatises of the Hippocratic Corpus, dating from the 5th and 4th centuries BC.

Dialogue of Plato Timaeus compares a woman's womb with a living creature that wanders through a woman's body, "blocking passages, obstructing breathing and causing illness."

The ancient Greeks used the term Wandering Womb, the belief that a displaced uterus was the cause of many medical pathologies in women.

This type of beliefs was widely maintained for centuries.

In ancient Greece, hysteria was described in the gynecological treatises of the Hippocratic Corpus, dating from the 5th and 4th centuries BC.

Timaeus, a dialogue written by Plato, compares the uterus of a woman to a living creature that wanders through a woman's body blocking the passages, obstructing breathing and causing illness.

Galen (pictured) believed that women suffering from hysteria had to take a series of cures, even suppress stimuli that would probably "excite" them and take several herbs

Galen (pictured) believed that women suffering from hysteria had to take a series of cures, even suppress stimuli that would probably "excite" them and take several herbs

Galen (pictured) believed that women suffering from hysteria had to take a series of cures, even suppress stimuli that would probably "excite" them and take several herbs

The 2,000-year-old papyrus, written by Galen, was decoded with the help of a specialist in papyrus restoration who was brought to Basel to separate the leaves, which allowed the Greek document to be deciphered for the first time.

The expert saw parallels with the famous Ravenna papyrus of the Chancery of the Archdiocese of Ravenna.

These include many ancient manuscripts of Galen, which were later used as palimpsests and writings.

"Therefore, we assume that it is a text from the Roman physician Galen or an unknown comment about his work," said Dr. Huebner.

The papyrus of Basel could be a similar case of medieval recycling, since it consists of several sheets stuck together and was probably used as a binding.

Because papyri often only survive in fragments or pieces, exchanges with other collections of papyri are essential.

& # 39; Papers are part of a broader context. The people mentioned in a papyrus text of Basel can appear again in other papyri, housed, for example, in Strasbourg, London, Berlin or other places, "said Dr. Huebner.

"It's the digital opportunities that allow us to join these mosaic pieces to form a larger image."

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