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6 Phenomenal Pointers to Understand Types of Blood Disorders & Causes

You may experience a number of symptoms that indicate you have a blood disorder but these symptoms could also be indicators of something else or nothing at all. The most common indicators of blood disorders are excessive clotting, excessive bleeding, fatigue, headaches, fever, Pica, blood blisters in the mouth, bruising, pale skin and infection. 

Each of these symptoms alone or in combination can suggest you have any number of diseases: anemia, hemophilia, blood cancers (leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma)and low iron. Despite the numerous types of symptoms indicating blood disorders, there are six pointers that exemplify blood disorders.

Reduced blood cells

The first pointer to note is that blood anemia or iron deficiency is very common and always comes with these basic signs: fatigue, weakness, dizziness, cold hands and feet, pale skin, Pica, shortness of breath and reduced immunity. Anemia is easily cured with iron injections or pills. Anemia is the result of a reduction in red blood cells. The reduction of red blood cells could be due to heavy blood loss due to an injury; excess bleeding during menstruation; internal bleeding caused by a hookworm infestation; or extended aspirin or pain killer usage. Other causes of reduced red blood cells are hemolysis, the abnormal breakdown of red blood cells. The last cause is an autoimmune condition such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Hypoxia

The second pointer is that headaches, fever, and fatigue could be present while suffering from a wide range of blood disorders. Still, these symptoms do consistently point to a familiar group of blood disorders. Hypoxia is a common cause of frequent headaches. This is a condition where oxygen doesn’t reach certain areas of the body, namely the brain. Blood cancer is the other issue resulting in consistent headaches, fevers and fatigue.

Inherited bleeding disorders

The third pointer is when it is difficult to stop bleeding, get it checked right away. You could be suffering from hemophilia. Hemophilia is only one of several disorders indicated by excessive bleeding. The inherited bleeding disorders are hemophilia and Von Willebrand disease. The remaining bleeding disorders are acquired diseases that are not hereditary. Hemarthrosis is bleeding into the joints, which is a complication of hemophilia. 

A Factor V Deficiency is extra blood clotting after receiving an injury or undergoing a surgical procedure. 

A Factor II Deficiency is a very rare problem with the blood clotting properly resulting in excessive bleeding. 

Proper identification

The fourth pointer relates to the identification of your blood disorder. All problems like this should be studied by a certified hematologist. This will ensure that the right tests are performed and that the results of those tests are accurate. Complete blood tests including a full panel may be taken, plus a complete blood count (counting both red and white blood cells), a platelet aggregation test (testing how the platelets clump)and a bleeding time test (how long it takes for your blood to clot).

The treatment

The fifth pointer refers to the actual treatment of the patient. Bleeding disorders are often treated by iron supplementation, blood transfusions and by injections, topical products and nasal sprays. Clotting factor concentrate injections can control excess bleeding. Plasma transfusions containing factors V and VIII offer relief from excess bleeding. To stem or cure blood cancers, stem cell collection in time may prove an effective cure. 

Identifying the possible complications

The sixth pointer is identifying the possible complications of having a blood disorder. If you have a blood disorder, you may one day begin bleeding into your intestines, brain or joints. It is especially important to treat a bleeding disorder if you are pregnant. Bleeding disorders during pregnancy could lead to miscarriage, abortion or excessive bleeding during childbirth.

Final thoughts

Taking note of your symptoms can prevent unnecessary health issues. If your blood disorder is properly identified and treated, you can avoid complications and the continued suffering associated with the disease.