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49 journalists were killed worldwide in 2019, with Syria and Mexico being the deadliest

Forty-nine journalists were killed around the world in 2019, with Syria and Mexico the deadliest, Reporters Without Borders reported today.

It was a & # 39; historical low & # 39; number, but South American countries have become increasingly violent and are now just as dangerous as those in the Middle East.

Ten were killed in Mexico and Syria, five in Afghanistan, four in Pakistan and three in Somalia.

Ten were killed in Mexico and Syria, five in Afghanistan, four in Pakistan and three in Somalia

Ten were killed in Mexico and Syria, five in Afghanistan, four in Pakistan and three in Somalia

Journalists run like a masked demonstrator aiming to spray from a fire extinguisher at a bus station on the sidelines of a women's march caused by a series of alleged sexual assaults by police officers in Mexico City in August - ten were killed in the country this year

Journalists run like a masked demonstrator aiming to spray from a fire extinguisher at a bus station on the sidelines of a women's march caused by a series of alleged sexual assaults by police officers in Mexico City in August - ten were killed in the country this year

Journalists run like a masked demonstrator aiming to spray from a fire extinguisher at a bus station on the sidelines of a women's march caused by a series of alleged sexual assaults by police officers in Mexico City in August – ten were killed in the country this year

Meanwhile, the Paris-based organization revealed that the number of detained journalists has increased.

There were 389 in 2019, 12 percent more than last year.

Nearly half were imprisoned in three countries – China, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, which were blamed last year for the horrific murder of columnist Jamal Khashoggi at the embassy in Istanbul.

& # 39; China, which has intensified its oppression of the (mostly Muslim) Uighur minority, has already locked up a third of journalists in the world alone, & # 39; said RSF.

You have to go back to 2003 to find so few journalists killed and 2019 falls far below the 80 journalists who have been killed on average every year in the past two decades.

87 were killed last year and the highest of the decade was 147 in 2012.

The improvement is due to an evolution in the Syrian conflict, which claimed 64 and 69 journalists in the darkest years of war, 2012 and 2013 respectively.

Nearly half were imprisoned in three countries - China, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, which were blamed last year for the horrific murder of columnist Jamal Khashoggi at the embassy in Istanbul

Nearly half were imprisoned in three countries - China, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, which were blamed last year for the horrific murder of columnist Jamal Khashoggi at the embassy in Istanbul

Nearly half were imprisoned in three countries – China, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, which were blamed last year for the horrific murder of columnist Jamal Khashoggi at the embassy in Istanbul

87 were killed last year and the highest of the decade was 147 in 2012

87 were killed last year and the highest of the decade was 147 in 2012

87 were killed last year and the highest of the decade was 147 in 2012

The Islamic state has been driven back, but two were killed during the invasion of Turkey and a third during a Russian air raid on the Idlib region.

But RSF chief Christophe Deloire warned that the number of murdered journalists in countries allegedly living in peace was still worryingly high.

& # 39; Latin America, with a total of 14 journalists killed on the continent, has become just as deadly as the Middle East & # 39 ;, he added.

Although he said that the fall in the number of deaths in conflict zones was something to celebrate, & # 39; more and more journalists are being murdered for their work in democratic countries, which is a real challenge for democracy & # 39 ;.

Meanwhile, 57 journalists around the world are being held hostage, mainly in Syria, Yemen, Iraq and Ukraine.

& # 39; There has been no notable release of hostages this year despite major developments in Syria, & # 39; said the RSF, fearing the worst for many of the kidnapped people.

The majority of those killed were male and the majority were killed during reporting in peaceful countries, i.e. not in a war zone

The majority of the casualties were male and the majority were killed during reporting in peaceful countries, i.e. no war zone

The majority of those killed were male and the majority were killed during reporting in peaceful countries, i.e. not in a war zone

A journalist films the site of a car bomb attack in Kabul, Afghanistan - five were killed in the country in 2019

A journalist films the site of a car bomb attack in Kabul, Afghanistan - five were killed in the country in 2019

A journalist films the site of a car bomb attack in Kabul, Afghanistan – five were killed in the country in 2019

& # 39; The hostages are still concentrated in the same four countries (Syria, Yemen, Iraq and Ukraine) and have not seen a significant release this year despite major changes in Syria, which are a source of concern for the fate of many of those who are being held hostage there. & # 39;

The largest hostage takers were the Islamic State, with 24 and the Houthi rebels supported by Iran with 14.

The report has been compiled every year since 1995 by RSF and the organization, with offices around the world, is supported by UN, UNESCO and the Council of Europe.

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