Advertisements
The earliest evidence of parasitic infection in human gut has been discovered in a prehistoric village in Turkey, where the studied samples of human waste (photos) were studied

The earliest evidence of human gastric parasite infection has been discovered in a prehistoric village in Turkey.

Advertisements

Microscopic eggs from the intestinal parasite whipworm were found in 9000-year-old faecal samples by archaeologists.

Scientists believe that such infections are increasing as communities of itinerant hunter-gatherers become permanent farmers and regularly come into contact with accumulated waste.

The earliest evidence of parasitic infection in human gut has been discovered in a prehistoric village in Turkey, where the studied samples of human waste (photos) were studied

The earliest evidence of parasitic infection in human gut has been discovered in a prehistoric village in Turkey, where the studied samples of human waste (photos) were studied

The discovery of ancient human parasite eggs from the ancient village of Çatalhöyük is the earliest archaeological evidence for intestinal parasite infection on the Near Eastern mainland.

Archaeologists studied ancient human waste as well as soil samples from funerals dated 7,100-6150 BC.

Advertisements

The pieces of preserved droppings, known as coprolites, were taken from a landfill and the soil formed from decomposed droppings reclaimed from the pelvic area of ​​man remains in the funeral.

Microscopic analysis showed that whipworm eggs were present in two of the coprolites, showing that people from the prehistoric village were infected with this intestinal parasite.

Microscopic eggs (pictured) from the parasite wasp of the human gut were identified in 9,000-year-old faecal samples and burial ground

Microscopic eggs (pictured) from the parasite wasp of the human gut were identified in 9,000-year-old faecal samples and burial ground

Microscopic eggs (pictured) from the parasite wasp of the human gut were identified in 9,000-year-old faecal samples and burial ground

WHAT IS WHIPWORM?

Today, more than 800 million people worldwide are infected with whipworms.

Whipworm is spread through the contamination of food or drink from human excrement containing the worm eggs.

They grow to 2 inches (5 cm) long and live on the lining of the colon's intestines.

Advertisements

A severe infection with whipworms can lead to anemia, diarrhea, growth retardation and reduced intelligence in children.

Researchers believe that as hunter-gatherer communities settled in agriculture about 10,000 years ago, there was an increase in infectious diseases due to the increased population and mobility.

Study leader Dr. Piers Mitchell, of the archeology department at the University of Cambridge, said: & # 39; it has been suggested that this lifestyle change resulted in a similar change in the types of diseases that affected them.

As people roamed less and built more permanent settlements, this led to the accumulation of human waste and to a higher population size and density.

To determine whether the coprolites dug from the middle were from human or animal excrement, they were analyzed for bile acids at the Mass Spectrometry of the University of Bristol, which confirmed that they were of human origin.

Scientists think that such infections increased as hunter-gatherer communities became farmers and regularly came into contact with accumulated waste. The image shows the ongoing excavations in the 9000 year old village of Çatalhöyük in Turkey
Advertisements

Scientists think that such infections increased as hunter-gatherer communities became farmers and regularly came into contact with accumulated waste. The image shows the ongoing excavations in the 9000 year old village of Çatalhöyük in Turkey

Scientists think that such infections increased as hunter-gatherer communities became farmers and regularly came into contact with accumulated waste. The image shows the ongoing excavations in the 9000 year old village of Çatalhöyük in Turkey

It is thought that the people who lived at the beginning of the settlement of the Catalhoyuk either went to the garbage dump or middle way to go to the toilet or to bring their waste there in a barrel or basket.

Lead study author Dr. Marissa Ledger said: “We would expect that this has brought the population the risk of diseases spread through contact with human stools, and explains why they were vulnerable to contracting whipworms.

People first gave up hunting and gathered and focused on farming in the Near East about 10,000 years ago.

Advertisements

A very simple form of a waste disposal toilet was invented in the 4th century BC in Mesopotamia, 3,000 years after the old village flourished.

The discovery of parasite eggs in preserved human excrement dating back 9,000 years ago from the ancient village of Çatalhöyük (pictured) in Turkey is the earliest archaeological evidence of intestinal parasite infection on the Near Eastern continent.

The discovery of parasite eggs in preserved human excrement dating back 9,000 years ago from the ancient village of Çatalhöyük (pictured) in Turkey is the earliest archaeological evidence of intestinal parasite infection on the Near Eastern continent.

The discovery of parasite eggs in preserved human excrement dating back 9,000 years ago from the ancient village of Çatalhöyük (pictured) in Turkey is the earliest archaeological evidence of intestinal parasite infection on the Near Eastern continent.

It is known that the population of Çatalhöyük cultivated growing crops such as wheat and barley and herding sheep and goats.

The pre-historic city is known as an incredibly well-preserved early village founded around 7,100 BC.

Advertisements

Dr. Mitchell added: & # 39; Because the village is one of the largest and most densely populated of its time, this study at Catalhoyuk helps us better understand that process.

Today, more than 800 million people worldwide are infected with whipworms. They grow to 2 inches (5 cm) long and live on the lining of the intestines of the colon.

Whipworm is spread through the contamination of food or drink from human excrement containing the worm eggs.

Adult worms can live for 5 years and after mating and fertilized eggs are mixed with the stool.

A severe infection with whipworms can lead to anemia, diarrhea, growth retardation and reduced intelligence in children.

& # 39; Now we need to find old fecal material from prehistoric hunters' meetings in the Near East, to help us understand how this lifestyle change affected their diseases & # 39 ;, said Dr. Mitchell.

The full study has been published in the journal Antiquity.

WHAT WAS THE PREHISTORIC VILLAGE OF CATALHOYUK?

The city is known as an incredibly well-preserved early village founded around 7,100 BC.

The site is exceptional due to the considerable size and length of the settlement.

The earliest construction period in Çatalhüyük is provisionally dated to around 6700 BC and the last to around 5650 BC.

Advertisements

The residents lived in rectangular houses with mud bricks that probably came in from the roof, probably by a wooden ladder.

In addition to a fire pit and an oven, houses had platforms for sleeping, sitting or working.

Edible grains and oil-producing seeds and nuts were extensively cultivated.

Excavation of the religious quarter yielded a series of shrines with murals of exceptional gloss.

Advertisements

. (TagsToTranslate) Dailymail (t) sciencetech