Some critics of US President Donald Trump in the House of Representatives call for an investigation into an accusation following a whistleblower complaint that has shaken Washington.
The complaint, which came from the intelligence community, focused on a phone call in July in which Trump repeatedly pressured the President of Ukraine to investigate Hunter Biden, the son of former vice president Joe Biden, one of the main political rivals of Trump, according to reports from the Wall Street Journal and other US media.
Some democratic lawmakers have said they have no choice but to accuse Trump if he pressures a foreign leader to influence a US election.
The majority of the 235 Democrats in the House already supported a deposition investigation based on the report of former Special Counsel Robert Mueller, who refused to make a judgment as to whether Trump obstructed justice, but outlined 10 cases in which Trump tried to let Mueller out dismiss the investigation or otherwise.
Trump acknowledged on Sunday that he was discussing Biden with the President of Ukraine, but defended the call as perfectly appropriate.
"The conversation I had was largely congratulatory, with largely corruption, all the corruption that took place and largely the fact that we do not want our people such as Vice President Biden and his son to already create the corruption in the Ukraine," Mr. Trump told reporters.
Opinion polls continue to show that voters are sharply divided about the official removal of Trump and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has opposed opposition as a politically risky move, unless researchers find powerful evidence of Trump's misconduct that can unite public opinion.
Here is how the deposit process works.
The founders of the United States created the office of president and feared that their powers would be abused. So they included deposition as a central part of the constitution.
They gave the house & # 39; the only power of accusation & # 39 ;; the senate, & # 39; the only power to test all allegations & # 39 ;; and the Supreme Court Supreme Court has a duty to preside over accusation processes in the Senate.
The president, on the basis of the constitution, may be relieved of office due to & # 39; treason, bribery or other high crimes and crimes & # 39 ;. What that means exactly is unclear. Historically, it can include corruption and other abuses, including trying to obstruct legal proceedings.
No president has ever been removed as a direct consequence of deposition. One, President Richard Nixon, resigned before he could be removed. Two, President Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton, were accused by the House, but not condemned by the Senate.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
Accusation begins in the House, the lower chamber, which debates and votes on whether or not to sue the president through approval of a deposition decision, or "articles of deposition," with a simple majority of the 435 members of the House.
If the House approves such a resolution, a process is then held in the Senate. Members of the household act as prosecutors; the senators as jury members; the supreme judge of the US Supreme Court is president. A two-thirds majority is required in the 100-member Senate to condemn and remove a president. This never happened.
CAN THE SUPREME COURT REVERSE?
No. Trump said on Twitter that he would ask the Supreme Court to intervene if the Democrats tried to accuse him. But the founders explicitly rejected allowing the appeal of a senate conviction to the federal judiciary.
PARTY DIVISION IN CONGRESS?
The house has 235 democrats, 199 republicans and an independent. As a result, Democrats could accuse Trump without Republican support.
In 1998, when Republicans had a majority in the House, the Chamber largely voted along party lines to oust Clinton, a Democrat.
The senate now has 53 republicans, 45 democrats and two independents who usually vote with the democrats. The sentencing and removal of a president would require 67 votes. Thus, in order to remove Trump from office through deposition, at least 20 Republicans and all Democrats and independents should vote against him.
WHO WILL BE PRESIDENT IF THE TRUMP IS REMOVED?
In the unlikely event that the Senate condemned Trump, vice president Mike Pence would become president for the remainder of the Trump term, which ends on January 20, 2021.
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