The new research suggests that "rebuilding" the field with large herders such as buffalo and rhinos could stop global warming.
Reconstruction is a type of conservation that involves the restoration of ecosystems by restoring natural processes and missing species.
According to experts, large grazing animals could help eliminate carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by increasing the amount of carbon stored in green spaces.
Scientists believe that replacing intensive livestock with free-range shepherds could also reduce the amount of methane thrown into the atmosphere.
In addition, the introduction of rhinos could suppress forest fires while eating fallen leaves and the vegetation that is most likely to cause a fire.
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The new research suggests that & # 39; rebuild & # 39; the field with great shepherds like the buffalo (archival image) and the rhinoceros could stop the global warming
According to 16 research papers published in Royal Society B Philosophical Transactions, the & trophic rewilding & # 39; could stop global warming.
Trophic reconstruction involves reintroducing animals where they would have lived before humans expelled them, according to a detailed Carbon Brief feature.
Intensive cattle ranching has contributed to a dramatic decline in large native grazing herbivores.
These herbivores have been replaced by herders like cows that shed higher levels of methane, which is significantly more polluting than carbon dioxide.
There is still little research on the methane tracks of large herbivores.
However, rough comparisons in an article by Professor Joris Cromsigt of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences suggest that white rhinoceros, hippopotamus and elephants are among the least polluting herders.
This is because generally Ferment your food in the large intestine.
Meanwhile, animals such as cattle, buffalo and bison produce large amounts of methane.
All grazing animals could reduce global warming in another way by increasing the amount of green spaces they can contain.
This is partly because they traditionally help disperse the seeds of the largest trees that store the most carbon.
Research suggests that the loss of herbivores, such as elephants from Asian and African forests, has caused tropical rainforests to lose up to 12% of their stored carbon.
Dr. Cromsigt suggests that one way to encourage people to protect wildlife would be to "pay for itself".
He believes that if people stopped eating farm-raised beef and ate meat from wild-grazing animals, wildlife could be better protected.
He suggests that the reconstruction could be financed with money from the Paris Agreement that is currently being invested in tree planting.
Why do not these programs invest in combating the bushmeat crisis and in the repopulation of our empty forests with frugivore megafauna? [fruit eaters]… or stop the current attack against African and Asian megafauna, such as elephants and rhinos? he told Climate Brief.
Approximate comparisons in an article by Professor Joris Cromsigt of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences suggest that the white rhino, the hippopotamus and the elephants are among the least polluting herders
The researchers also believe that climate change could worsen forest fires.
This is because global warming is causing more extreme temperatures in summer and less train fall.
According to scientists, large herbivores, such as rhinos, eat fallen leaves and vegetation that might otherwise ignite fires.
Researchers say that herbivores limit the amount of fuel by consuming and recycling plant material that would otherwise accumulate as waste and by reducing the density of the vegetation.
"This may mean that areas of low and high flammability are interspersed in arrangements that could prevent the spread of fires in the landscape," the researchers wrote.
They also inadvertently create firewalls.
They do it "forming paths, dust baths or leks, large animals create lines or patches of bare earth".
Previous research found that in Hluhluwe, in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, the removal of rhinos from a test area caused the size of fires to increase by 50 times.
Dr. Cromsigt suggests that one way to encourage people to protect wildlife would be to "pay for itself". He believes that if people stopped eating farm-raised beef and ate meat from wild-grazing animals, wildlife could be better protected
WHY MUST THE BISON PROTECTIONS BE RECONSIDERED?
The Yellowstone herd of more than 4,000 bison constitutes the largest and one of the last genetically pure groups of an animal that once roamed free.
North America by millions before being hunted almost in extinction at the end of the 19th century.
Conservation groups have argued that the status of endangered species is necessary to ensure the long-term survival of the wild bison, also known as buffalo, and help restore the creature to a greater part of its natural historical range. .
The bison, a furry animal with hunchbacked shoulders that weighs up to 2,000 pounds (990 kg) and measures 6 feet (1.8 meters) in height at the shoulders, was officially designated as the national mammal of the United States. UU In 2016
The Fish and Wildlife Service concluded in 2015 that the conservation groups had not presented sufficient evidence that Yellowstone's buffalo band was in danger.
US District Judge Christopher Cooper of the US UU., Ruled that the Department of the Interior agency had not erroneously considered or otherwise ignored the evidence that the Yellowstone bison may be threatened or in danger of extinction.
A federal judge has ordered wildlife officials in the United States to reconsider a decision that blocked the protections of the park's iconic herds of bison, which are routinely subject to slaughter when they attempt to leave the park.
The ruling was based on a scientific dispute over whether there are two genetically distinct populations of bison in Yellowstone, known respectively as a central flock and a northern flock.
Conservationists cited research suggesting that the government's overall goal in the park of 3,000 bison was too low to prevent the extinction of one or both.
Government biologists dismissed that investigation.
But Cooper said the Fish and Wildlife Service was required by law to explain why it considered the investigation irrelevant, and ordered a new review by the agency to determine if the yellowstone bison deserves protection.