Two & # 39; criminals & # 39; beheaded in Saudi Arabia were arrested when they were just 16 and 17 – including a teenager who started a new life in the US at Western Michigan University.
Mujtaba al-Sweikat, then 17, was heavily beaten all over his body, including the soles of his feet, before he confessed & # 39; against crimes including attending protests.
In 2017, university staff said the English language student and the pre-financing study & # 39; promising & # 39; and asked him to be released.
Abdulkarim al-Hawaj, 21, was also beheaded in public four years after he was arrested in the Shia majority in the country's eastern province for spreading information about protests on WhatsApp.
Under international law, it is strictly forbidden to put someone under the age of 18 to death at the time of the crime.
Abdulkarim al-Hawaj (left) was beheaded in Saudi Arabia after being arrested at the age of 16 for spreading details about peaceful protests on WhatsApp. Mujtaba al-Sweikat (right) was also performed. He was going to visit the University of Michigan
Charity for Humanity Reprieve said al-Hawaj was beaten, tortured with electricity and chained with his hands above his head until he acknowledged his crimes & # 39; known & # 39 ;.
He was at King Fahd International Airport awaiting a flight with his family when he was arrested.
Reprieve said that both men were sentenced to death at the end of sham trials when she was denied access to lawyers.
It claimed that they were held in solitary confinement for months and that their beliefs were based solely on their & # 39; confessions & # 39; that were brought under torture.
During his trial, al-Hawaj was convicted of cyber crime charges, including the dissemination of information on WhatsApp & # 39; as condemned by the cyber crime bill & # 39; and sentenced to death.
It later turned out that the College of Policing in Britain had trained the Saudi police to gather information about demonstrators, despite the fear that it could be used to identify people who would be tortured or subjected to other violations. of human rights & # 39 ;.
Reprieve Deputy Director Harriet McCulloch said: “Many things can be used to justify a death sentence in Mohammed Bin Salman's Saudi Arabia, including & # 39; disobedience to the king & # 39;, & # 39; preparing banners with anti-state slogans & # 39; and & # 39; turn on via social media & # 39 ;.
& # 39; Mujtaba al-Sweikat and Abdulkarim al-Hawaj were teenagers sharing information about peaceful protests on their cell phones.
& # 39; The Western allies of Saudi Arabia must now act to prevent more young people from being killed because they exercise their right to freedom of expression. & # 39;
At the time of his arrest, Western Michigan University staff said the English student and pre-financing studies had a & # 39; great promise & # 39; showed up and asked him to be released
A third man out of the 37 executed, Munir al-Adam, was only 23 years old when he was arrested at a government checkpoint in April 2012.
He was beaten on the soles of his feet and had to crawl on his hands and knees for days.
As a five-year-old boy, he had lost his hearing in one ear after an accident, but after torture he lost hearing in the other and became completely deaf.
He told a judge that he had signed a confession because he was exhausted by the torture.
The executed were members of the Shiite community in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia, where demonstrations have been taking place since the Arab Spring in 2012 traveled through the region.
Three other prisoners under the age of 18 at the time of their alleged crimes, Ali al-Nimr, Dawood al-Marhoon and Abdullah al-Zaher, remain on Death Row.
al-Marhoon told Reprieve that he had been tortured and forced to sign a blank document, to which Saudi officials subsequently & # 39; confess & # 39; had added.
Prisoner al-Nimr has been sentenced to & # 39; death by Crucifixion & # 39; due to participation in a demonstration, invited others and explained how he can give first aid to demonstrators.
Again, Reprieve claimed that he had no access to his lawyer and was tortured for a confession.
The sentences were performed in Riyadh, the Muslim holy cities of Mecca and Medina, the central province of Qassim and the eastern province.
Saudi authorities said that one person was crucified after his execution, a punishment reserved for particularly serious crimes.
The men were executed for adopting terrorist and extremist thinking and for forming terrorist cells to corrupt and destabilize security, according to a statement from the official Saudi Press Agency (SPA).
The Ministry of the Interior of Saudi Arabia announced on Tuesday that 37 Saudi citizens have been executed [file photo]
Executions in the ultra-conservative kingdom are usually carried out by decapitation.
It is only a few days after the security services in Saudi Arabia prevented an ISIS attack on the state security unit in Riyadh.
The authorities in the country arrested 13 ISIS fighters in connection with the attack on a state security building north of the capital.
The arrests came after the Islamic state claims responsibility for Sunday's attack on a state security building in Zulfi, a small town about 250 km northwest of the capital.
Security forces have also confirmed that they had killed four alleged Islamic state soldiers who planned the Sunday attack, according to SPA.
According to reports, the attempted terrorist attack was planned for the Ministry of Internal Affairs building in the al-Zulfi suburb in Riyadh.
After the arrests, the terrorists were identified as Saudi militants who belonged to the terrorist organization ISIS.
On Sunday, police units fell into a nearby rest house, said the militants had rented for use as a bomb factory, and seized suicide jackets, home-made bombs, Kalashnikov guns, and Islamic State publications.
Five explosive tires, organic fertilizers and two laptops were also seized.
The executions were carried out a few days after terrorists attacked a building in Riyadh in a foiled conspiracy [file photo]
After crushing an al-Qaeda riot more than a decade ago, deadly bomb attacks and shelling were carried out by the Islamic State against security forces and Shi & Muslim Muslims in Saudi Arabia, & # 39; the world's largest oil exporter .
The Islamic State and Al-Qaeda have for years criticized the leadership of the Western alliance and accused it of deviating from their strict interpretation of Islam and promoting the interests of their American enemies.
The arrests are because the terrorist group is starting to lose its last stronghold in Syria after it took over in 2014.
In March, the US-backed Syrian Democratic Force announced a victory over the & # 39; caliphate & # 39; from ISIS, but claimed that the fight was not over yet.
At least 100 people have been executed in Saudi Arabia since the beginning of the year, according to a census based on official data released by SPA.
Last year, the oil-rich Gulf State executed the death sentences of 149 people, according to Amnesty International, who said that only Iran was known to have executed more people.
Legal experts have repeatedly expressed concerns about the fairness of trials in Saudi Arabia, which are governed by a strict form of Islamic law.
People who have been convicted of terrorism, murder, rape, armed robbery and drug trafficking face the death penalty, which the government says is a deterrent to further crime.