The London Bridge attackers were unlikely to become more aggressive due to bodybuilding steroids before their disaster, a research question has been heard.
The three terrorists plow into the crowd on the London Bridge and strike partygoers in Borough Market on 3 June 2017 with 12 inch ceramic knives.
Khuram Butt, 27, Rachid Redouane, 30, and Youssef Zaghba, 22 – were then shot by the police less than 10 minutes after the rampage.
Toxicologist Professor David Cowan rejected the suggestion that they were & # 39; crossed out & # 39; with steroids to make them more aggressive.
Jonathan Hough, QC, coroner counsel, asked: & # 39; What is the likelihood of using steroids that sterically affect one or more of them? & # 39;
The three terrorists plow into the bustle of the London Bridge and strike partygoers in Borough Market on 3 June 2017 with 12-inch ceramic knives. Image shows the CCTV images issued by the Metropolitan Police of the van they used
Khuram Butt, Rachid Redouane and Youssef Zaghba were & # 39; probably bodybuilding steroids & # 39; – but the drugs did not make them more aggressive, a study has heard
A map of the London Bridge shows where each victim was injured
Prof. Cowan said that DHEA, an anabolic steroid, was more likely than not administered to the attackers before they launched the attack.
But he said he & # 39; highly unlikely & # 39; found that the use of steroids had some behavioral effect on one of the individuals.
He told the court that the attackers & # 39; hyper & # 39; or & # 39; wild eyed & # 39; did not necessarily indicate that they were affected.
A forensic scientist confirmed that one of the victims, Xavier Thomas, had been hit by the rental career of the attackers before falling into the Thames.
Dr. Louissa Marsh said the research of the jeans of the Renault and the Thomas of Thomas & # 39; strong support & # 39; offered for the proposition with which they were in contact.
An examination of particles in the van revealed that the suspected driver Zaghba, 22, was closest to deploying the airbag.
But she couldn't prove that he was behind the wheel alone because of the forensic evidence.
Mr. Thomas, 45, Christine Archibald, 30, Alexandre Pigeard, 26, Sara Zelenak, 21, Kirsty Boden, 28, Sebastien Belanger, 36, James McMullan, 32, and Ignacio Echeverria, 39 all died in the atrocity.
The investigation into the death of the victims continues.
On the photo: the battered Renault van that was used by terrorists during the attack on the London Bridge in 2017, with a hanging bumper on it
The terrorists tied their 12-inch knives to their wrists with tape before launching their attack
Who were the victims of the London Bridge terrorist attacks?
Spaniard Ignacio Echeverria was stabbed to death when he tried to fend off the terrorist attackers with his skateboard.
The 39-year-old was in the UK for over a year and worked as a financial crime analyst at HSBC.
Mr. Echeverria joined the unarmed police commissioners Wayne Marques and Charlie Guenigault in fighting off the three attackers while training on Marie Bondeville, hitting at least one terrorist with his skateboard.
& # 39; His courageous attempts were to stop the attack & # 39 ;, said main compactor Mark Lucraft.
Mr. Echeverria was the youngest of five brothers and sisters and was a Catholic who went to mass every week. He was able to speak English, German and French fluently.
Nurse Kirsty Boden was stabbed to death when she tried to care for the wounded and the dying.
Miss Boden, 28, moved in 2013 from the town of Loxton in South Australia to London.
She was a senior nurse at the Guy & St Thomas & Hospital and lived with her British friend James Hodder in a flat in Hampstead.
Hodder said: & She loved people and loved her life by helping others. For Kirsty, her actions that night had been an extension of how she lived her life. & # 39;
Alexandre Pigeard worked as a waiter at Boro Bistro when he was attacked.
The 26-year-old Frenchman had moved to London to improve his ambitions as a DJ for dance music.
Minutes before he was stabbed to death, he called his father Philippe video during a break from his work in the French restaurant.
Mr. Pigeard planned to return to France in the fall of 2017 to open a restaurant in Nantes and record an EP with his father.
Pigeard senior told the investigation: & I am here as a destroyed father who has lost a child in such circumstances – an inconsolable father. & # 39;
James McMullan was stabbed in the chest at the Barrowboy and Banker pub while he was celebrating to get financial support for his online education company.
The British-Filipino entrepreneur watched the Champions League final with friends in the pub.
The 32-year-old from Hackney in East London was attacked when he stepped outside to take a cigarette.
He had dreamed of helping children without access to education through his e-learning company.
Mr. McMullan Simon's father described his son as & # 39; funny, charming and smart & # 39; and said & # 39; his fearlessness can never be underestimated & # 39 ;.
Chef's mother Sebastien Belanger said they did not forgive the terrorists who maimed and killed him.
Her 36-year-old son drank in the Boro Bistro when he was repeatedly stabbed in the chest.
His mother Josiane Belanger said: & We miss him so much, his smile, his joy of life. I don't forgive what they did to him. & # 39;
Originally from Angers in western France, Mr. Belanger started the Coq d & # 39; Argent in the city and was promoted to the chef.
Australian au pair Sara Zelenak was on the & # 39; trip of a lifetime & # 39; when she was stabbed to death during a night out with a friend.
Miss Zelenak & # 39; s mother, Julie Wallace, said that & # 39; every sliding door & # 39; her daughter on & # 39; harm & # 39; s way & # 39; put down.
& # 39; She had to work and she was released at the last minute, & # 39; said Mrs. Wallace.
& # 39; At 10 p.m., Sara & # 39; s phone rang and her friend said: & # 39; I finished the rugby & # 39; and so she left her safe haven and went to a terrorist attack and was stabbed. & # 39;
Before she left for Great Britain in March 2017, Miss Zelenak worked with her stepfather Mark as a crane operator in Brisbane to save for her trip.
Her parents have since set up Sarz Sanctuary to help other families deal with grief.
Xavier Thomas walked across London Bridge with his girlfriend Christine Delcros when they were hit by the van.
The 45-year-old father of two was catapulted in the Thames and his girlfriend suffered life-threatening injuries. His body was found downstream three days later.
Mr. Thomas, who had arrived in London on the day of the attack, lived near Paris and worked for American Express.
Miss Delcros said: & # 39; Since Xavier disappeared in such tragic and traumatic circumstances, our entire world has fallen apart. & # 39;
Canadian tourist Christine Archibald Tyler Ferguson told her fiance that she loved him seconds before she was mowed.
Mrs. Archibald and Mr. Ferguson walked across the London Bridge after dinner at a nearby restaurant when the atrocity occurred.
Her fiancé said: “At one point Chrissy stopped me from scratch, grabbed me and gave me a passionate kiss after she told me she loved me.
& # 39; I remember it was a warm summer evening and the sun had just set. And then the attack took place and Chrissy was killed.
& # 39; No words can express how I felt when this happened. I was absolutely destroyed and inconsolable. Since then nothing has been the same. & # 39;
Miss Archibald's engagement ring was lost during the attack, but later recovered from the bridge. Mr. Ferguson now wears it on a chain around his neck.
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