A third of women in their reproductive years suffer from chronic health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, breast cancer and asthma, which increase their risk of pregnancy complications.
The specific complications to which each of these conditions can contribute vary, but include high blood pressure, gestational diabetes and even birth defects.
But, the authors of the University of Utah note, many women don't see midwives / gynecologists until they are pregnant or are trying to become pregnant and are unaware that their ailments can cause additional problems for them or develop babies & # 39; s cause.
This does not mean that women with health problems should not necessarily have children – but they should understand what they might encounter during pregnancy, the study authors say.
Health problems such as high blood pressure are common and manageable – but put 33% of American women at risk for complicated pregnancies and miscarriage, a new study found
Common health problems lend themselves to complications during pregnancy.
Among them, some who affect a particularly large proportion of women in the US include high blood pressure, polycystic ovarian syndrome, kidney problems, many autoimmune diseases, HIV, cancer, or infections such as hepatitis.
These circumstances affect women in the US to a large extent.
For example, around 40 percent of women in the US are obese.
Those estimated to be 24.4 million women run a higher risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.
Even if their babies develop normally, these women run an increased risk of pre-eclampsia, a pregnancy-related high blood pressure that can become life-threatening.
More than 30 percent of women have high blood pressure outside of pregnancy, which means they probably also have pre-eclampsia.
That in turn puts them at risk for heart and kidney diseases and stroke.
High blood pressure can limit blood flow to the placenta and ensure that so many nutrients do not reach the developing fetus.
This may mean that a woman's baby does not grow sufficiently and is born small, increasing her or his risk of complications both early and later in life.
The University of Utah research team reviewed data on about 742,000 women of reproductive age – between 16 and 49 years – who completed health care at the university between 2010 and 2016.
In addition to the list of 21 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention disorders that can cause problems during pregnancy, they looked in the data for conditions such as asthma, depression and thyroid problems that are not definitively related to pregnancy problems but are probably linked.
Almost 33 percent of their large sample of women had at least one of those problems.
With careful planning and discussions with doctors, a risky pregnancy can still be a safe one.
But almost half of all pregnancies are unplanned.
& # 39; The reasons for unintended pregnancy vary, & # 39; dr. Jessica Sanders on, a director of family planning research in the U of Utah.
& # 39; Women with chronic conditions can have competitive priorities. If you try to balance your concerns about the healthcare (s) of your medication use, serious thinking about birth control can be overwhelming. & # 39;
She and her team discovered that only eight percent of women are the & # 39; most effective & # 39; used forms of birth control, such as implants and IUDS, that work for a long time and do not require women to think about taking a daily pill.
& # 39; & # 39; This … provides a great opportunity for caregivers to increase awareness and access to forms of birth control that are acceptable to these women so that they can optimize their health prior to pregnancy and achieve their reproductive goals without medical complications, & Dr. 39 said. Sanders.
She and her co-authors encourage women to find out more about what their own health means for the health of her pregnancy and her baby, and hope that doctors will be more informative so that women can make careful, informed choices.
& # 39; It is entirely up to the woman with a chronic condition and her family to determine if she wants to become pregnant & # 39 ;, says Dr. Lori Gawron, first study author.
& # 39; But I want them to understand what the risks are in advance. If she is not prepared to take those risks, she must use the safest and most effective method of contraception that works for her. & # 39;
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